Colgate advanced, mint, gel and whitening toothpaste types contain the same active ingredients: 0.24 percent sodium fluoride and 0.30 percent triclosan. Colgate gel formulations have the extra added ingredients: mica, FD&C blue no.1 and D&C yellow no.10, according to Colgate-Palmolive.
The inactive ingredient list for all the Colgate advanced, mint, gel and whitening types include: water, hydrated silica, glycerin, sorbitol, PVM/MA copolymer, sodium lauryl sulfate, cellulose gum, flavor, sodium hydroxide, carrageenan, propylene glycol, sodium saccharin and titanium dioxide, according to Colgate-Palmolive. Colgate Optic White line include the inactive additional ingredients of calcium pyrophosphate,PEG/PPG-116/66 copolymer, PEG-12, PVP and BHT.
Colgate Optic White contains the active ingredient sodium monofluorophosphate, states Colgate Optic White.
The active ingredient triclosan helps prevent gingivitis; it is effective in preventing bacterial infections. However, according to the Mayo Clinic, there are studies indicating triclosan as hazardous to human health. This ingredient can have the potential to alter hormone regulation, contribute to the growth of antibiotic resistant germs and can harm the immune system.
Colgate-Palmolive halted the use of triclosan in their antibacterial dish liquid and hand soap, but still continue to use this ingredient in all their toothpaste, as of 2015. Sodium laurel sulfate is a chemical of concern with multiple studies indicating it as a potential hormone disrupter, organ system toxin and an irritant, among other concerns listed by the Environmental Working Group and Dr. Joseph Mercola.