Inflationary pressures are the underlying causes of inflation. These pressures are the reason that the production of goods increases to meet or exceed consumer demand or that prices increase due to lack of supply. Inflationary pressures cause the economy to adjust as a result of supply and demand.
Inflation can also be caused by the disproportionate minting of money compared to the industrial output and demand for goods and services. Inflation causes the prices of goods and services to rise while salaries remain the same. When inflation occurs, it devalues the currency, causing a decrease in investments and dissuading other countries from taking on debts from a country with an inflated economy.