What Are Some Important Characteristics of Ghana's Culture?

Ghana is a diverse nation of 20 million people with a variety of languages and ethnic groups. The largest ethnic groups are the Akan, who comprise over 45 percent of the population; the Mole-Dagbon, who make up 15 percent of the population; and the Ewe, who make up about 11 percent of the population. In addition to these, there are hundreds of smaller ethnic and tribal groups in Ghana.

Although many people speak native tribal languages in Ghana, the official language of Ghana is English, a characteristic that has carried over from the colonial period. Ghana was the first African nation to win independence in 1957, which led to a strong sense of national pride that continues as of 2015.

The majority religion in Ghana is Christianity with over 68 percent of the population practicing some form of the religion. Muslims make up about 15 percent of the population, while those practicing traditional tribal religious customs include only about 8 percent of the population.

The national dress of Ghana is the Kente cloth, a brightly colored and meticulously patterned hand-woven fabric that both men and women wear. In addition, the social structure in Ghana is heirarchical, with expectations of respect for individuals of greater social status, age, wealth or experience.