Listening is important at all levels and all ages, for learning, forming relationships and resolving conflicts. The adage, "we have two ears, but only one mouth" eloquently expresses the importance of listening compared to speaking.
For young children, listening is central to the acquisition of language and literacy skills. Babies are born with a natural instinct to listen, particularly to the sound of their mothers.
Effective listening is focused and voluntary, and can greatly enhance comprehension. Listening is also instrumental in the formation and strengthening of relationships. Showing that you are actively listening by feeding back to the speaker what they have just said, for instance, will typically make the speaker feel affirmed and understood.