Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikhism, wrote the Japji Sahib prayer around the year 1500. First published in India in 1604, Japji Sahib remains an important part of present-day Sikh prayer traditions. Japji Sahib appears at the beginning of the Sikh holy scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib. The prayer's 38 stanzas are foundational to Sikh daily morning prayers and other religious ceremonies.
The stanzas, also called hymns, of JapJi Sahib outline some of the religion's tenets including the belief that there is one true God who is the creator of mankind and who has no beginning and no end. The verses call on adherents to pray, to praise God by name, to remain obedient to God and to abide in His love.
The word "Sikh" means "disciple" in the Punjabi language. More than 20 million people in countries around the world are practicing Sikhs. Believers demonstrate their faith through their physical appearance by maintaining long hair and wearing turbans. Disciples also model their faith for others by showing love and understanding while serving others.
The religion is known for its inclusiveness and commitment to equality. Sikh temples, also known as Gurdwara, welcome members of any race, religion, gender or caste.