According to John Locke, governments are formed through the consent of the people being governed. These political entities primarily exist to preserve the fundamental rights of the people and to promote the general welfare of the public.
John Locke was a famous English philosopher who made an impact on American politics. In his work "Two Treatises of Government," he advocated for the inalienable rights of the people. He argued that men are naturally independent and not under the authority of monarchs who derived their powers from a Divine being. The power to rule, which can be obtained through the people's permission, can also be stripped if a government fails in its duty.