What Are the Gospels of Luke?

The gospels of Luke are two works that appear in the Bible, specifically the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts. Luke likely authored both works. The Book of Luke recounts the life of Jesus while Acts details the growth of the early church.

While scholars believe that the same author wrote both Luke and Acts, they disagree as to the likelihood that this author is Luke. Scholars believe that Luke is a well-learned physician. Luke is a friend of the apostle Paul. If Luke wrote both books, Luke is the only gentile to author any book of the Bible. Luke portrays Jesus as a teacher of wisdom and ethical living.

One of the four gospels, the Book of Luke stresses Jesus' compassion and offer of forgiveness for sins. The Book of Acts attempts to settle the question of how a Christian should relate to the government. At the time, the local government was the Roman Empire, and this government bore responsibility for crucifying Jesus. In the Book of Acts, Luke argues that a Christian can show responsible citizenship towards a governing authority while following Christian teachings.

The Book of Luke details Jesus' birth, including Joseph and Mary's journey to Bethlehem to register for the census at the time of Jesus' birth. Luke recounts that Mary placed her baby in a manger. Luke then recounts Jesus' baptism by John the Baptist. The book records Jesus' prophecy of his own death followed by his crucifixion and resurrection from the dead.