Examples of fruit trees that do well in desert climates are figs, pomegranate and almonds. Apples and apricots also do well in the warmer climates.
Figs are one of the easiest fruits to grow in the desert as they love the heat. The best varieties for desert growing are Black Mission, Kadota and Brown Turkey. Fig trees are naturally large in size, but can be kept small by heavy pruning.
Pomegranates are also strong and productive fruit trees for warm temperatures. They are tolerant of alkaline soils, droughts, do well in all-day sun, and also make great decorative trees. New wood produces fruit, so prune as desired.
Almond trees are also drought-resistant and actually produce better with deep, infrequent watering.
Harder, more tart apples produce well in hot temperatures without turning mushy. Yellow Delicious and Dorsett Golden are preferred varieties for desert growing. Young apple trees typically take three to five years to fruit after the initial planting.
Apricots bloom early and do well in places where late frosts rarely occur. They are dependable and heavy fruit bearers. Prune the early fruit in order to prevent overloaded branches. Early Gold, Blenheim and Royal are recommended apricot varieties for desert planting.