What Foods Were in the Diet of the Creek Indians?

The Creek Indians were farming people who harvested corn, beans and squash. They hunted deer, wild turkeys and small game, and fished in the rivers and along the coast.

The Creek harvested corn multiple times a year. The first two crops were consumed upon harvest and a third was dried and stored for winter hominy. They also ate melon and sweet potatoes. Women did most of the farming, and the men were the primary hunters. Prepared dishes include cornbread, soups, and stews cooked on stone hearths. Ground corn was cooked in lye and water to make a soup called sofkey.

In the late 19th Century, the Creek took up raising animals such as cows and pigs, adding beef and pork to their diets. The Creek used blowguns to kill birds and small game, and they also trapped rabbit. In addition to deer, wild game such as bison, turkey and boar provided protein for the Creek's diet. The lakes and rivers of traditional hunting grounds drew ducks and provided shellfish and turtles.

The Creek also ate fruits such as bananas, oranges, pineapples and coconuts. The palmetto tree was a significant food source for the Creek. They used the berries to make molasses, ground the leaves to make flour and derived salt from the burned tree trunks.