What Are the Five Major World Religions?

The five major world religions are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism. More than 70 percent of the world’s population identify with one of these five religions around the world. All of these religions have their own religious books and believe in life after death.

Christianity is the world’s biggest religion, with over 2.1 billion followers worldwide. Christians follow the teachings of Jesus Christ in the Bible, and Christian holy days include Easter and Christmas. The religion played an important role in the development of Western civilization, and the three largest branches are the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church and Protestantism.

Islam is the second largest religion, with over 1.5 billion followers. The Islamic religion is based on the teachings of the prophet of Muhammad in their holy book the Quran. Followers of Islam are based primarily in the Asia Pacific region and in the Middle East.

Hinduism is considered the oldest religion in the world and is the world’s third largest religion, boasting almost one billion followers. The Vedas, Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita are its most important religious scriptures.

Buddhism has more than 350 million followers worldwide, and its followers believe attaining nirvana is the ultimate goal.

Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions, and the religion’s texts have influenced Christianity and Islam.