The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights and were passed by Congress on Sept. 25, 1789 and ratified on Dec. 15, 1791. As of 2014, there are 27 amendments to the Constitution.
The first amendment covers freedoms, petitions and assemblies and is commonly known as providing freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of the press and freedom of assembly. The second amendment provides for the right to bear arms in support of a well-regulated militia. The rights covered in the third amendment pertain to the prohibition on the quartering of troops in private homes during peacetime. The fourth amendment covers search and arrest and concepts such as probable cause and search warrants. The right of due process is articulated by the fifth amendment. The sixth amendment pertains to the right to a fair trial, including the right to a speedy trial and the right to confront witnesses. In the seventh amendment, the rights of parties in a civil trial are laid out. The eighth amendment regulates bail, fines and punishments, such as cruel and unusual punishment. The ninth amendment addresses rights retained by the people that are not enumerated in the Constitution. The 10th amendment is used to delegate powers to the federal government by the states and the people.