Faulty cause and effect reasoning incorrectly concludes that one thing causes another, presuming that a real or perceived relationship between things means that one causes the other or that one event must have caused a later event simply because of its temporal sequence. This type of reasoning is one of the most common logical fallacies. In propaganda, faulty causation is used both to disparage or promote an idea or product.
According to Logically Fallacious, the faulty cause and effect fallacy is known by many different terms, including post hoc, ergo propter hoc, the fallacy of false cause, faulty cause, arguing from succession alone, ignoring a common cause, confusing correlation and causation, confusing cause and effect and third cause. This logical fallacy is related to the fallacies of juxtaposition, slippery slope and reversing causality/wrong direction.
Fallacies and persuasive techniques are used in propaganda, which Dictionary.com defines as "information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement." Examples of faulty cause and effect in propaganda are seen in advertisements in which the use of a product is credited for creating a positive result. Other examples of causation in propaganda frequently are found in political campaign materials in which negative events are attributed to being caused by a candidate's election.