Faulty cause and effect reasoning incorrectly concludes that one thing causes another, presuming that a real or perceived relationship between things means that one causes the other or that one event must have caused a later event simply because of its temporal sequence. This type of reasoning is one of the most common logical fallacies. In propaganda, faulty causation is used both to disparage or promote an idea or product.Continue Reading
According to Logically Fallacious, the faulty cause and effect fallacy is known by many different terms, including post hoc, ergo propter hoc, the fallacy of false cause, faulty cause, arguing from succession alone, ignoring a common cause, confusing correlation and causation, confusing cause and effect and third cause. This logical fallacy is related to the fallacies of juxtaposition, slippery slope and reversing causality/wrong direction.
Fallacies and persuasive techniques are used in propaganda, which Dictionary.com defines as "information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement." Examples of faulty cause and effect in propaganda are seen in advertisements in which the use of a product is credited for creating a positive result. Other examples of causation in propaganda frequently are found in political campaign materials in which negative events are attributed to being caused by a candidate's election.Learn more about Psychology
Free PowerPoint presentations to help teach children about causality, the relationship between cause and effect, are available on websites such World of Teaching, Pete's PowerPoint Station and Teachers Pay Teachers. On these sites, educators share digital materials that other teachers, students or parents can download for educational purposes.Full Answer >
In logic, "false cause and effect" is when one event is said to have caused another event just because the first event preceded the second event. It is a logical fallacy because it uses sequence as the only evidence without considering other factors.Full Answer >
The definition of cause and effect is when one event or actor (the cause) produces a result, impact, or change (the effect). The relationship between the first event and the result is said to be a causal relationship.Full Answer >
"Bandwagon propaganda" is a type of advertising that attempts to draw people to a specific cause by giving the impression that many others have already joined and are happier or better off for doing so. It uses societal pressures to play on several basic elements of human nature.Full Answer >