There is no definitive way to fast or pray; however, there are tips one can use to do so effectively. Fasting can be done by setting an objective, committing to the fast, getting prepared physically and mentally and reading scripture. Since pray means "to speak to God especially in order to do something," according to Merriam-Webster, prayer styles will differ by individual choice.
Cru suggests that individuals first set an objective for fasting, determining the purpose of their fast. After setting an objective, this website recommends that persons decide when and how long they will fast, what kind of fast will they choose and what activities will they restrict during their fast. After making this commitment, mental and physical preparations are recommended, such as asking God for repentance and checking with a physician if there are any prevailing health concerns.
Individuals may choose to pray kneeling down or while seated in a chair -- or however and wherever they deem fitting -- and should pray several times a day while fasting. One can pray aloud or under his or her breath. The main idea of prayer is to have conscious contact with God as often as possible.
The word "fast" is derived from the Hebrew word "sum," meaning "to cover" -- as in cover the mouth -- or from the Greek word "nesteuo," meaning "to abstain." As a religious practice, it means to abstain from eating or drinking. There are numerous examples of fasting in the Bible. Fasting is often done to renew believers' commitments to God.
Prayer is done for several reasons. It is a form of worshipping and obeying God. It is a way to connect with God and to seek his guidance on various matters. It is also used to ask God for specific things, such as help with financial matters or a successful surgical procedure.