Fascism is a dictatorial form of government that rejects the tenets of democracy, socialism and capitalism, and a fascist will believe that the state has the right to take extreme measures, including conducting surveillance on its own citizens, to ensure citizens' adherence to rules and the dictator's continuing power. This is an absolutist form of government in which the ruling party and single person in power are held to be superior to all other citizens. Fascists do not believe strongly in human rights, such as freedom of speech and the right to protest the government and, as such, political demonstration and protest is typically a dangerous endeavor for those people living under fascist rule.
Fascism is a system of government that was created in Italy following World War I, and it is Mussolini's fascist regime that joined Germany and Japan to form the Axis Powers in World War II. The word fascism itself is derived from a type of ax known as a fasces. This weapon is formed by sticks being bound tightly together around a blade to form the handle of an ax.This can be seen as a metaphor for the way citizens are treated under fascist regimes-people being tightly bound for an ostensible single purpose.