Spain is known for its unique cuisine, which includes foods such as paella and sangria, as well as its beautiful beaches, historic monuments and buildings, and varied landscape that includes rugged mountains and evergreen estuaries. According to Touropia, top attractions in Spain include the Aqueduct of Segovia, a well-preserved Roman monument, and Cuenca, a medieval city built on the side of a mountain.
The official language of Spain is Spanish, though it is often referred to as "castellano" in Spain. The country has a monarchy government, with the current ruler as of 2014 being Juan Carlos I, who has ruled since 1975. Spain's most famous cities, which are commonly visited by tourists, are Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Seville.
According to Touropia, Ibiza is a famous party destination; the beautiful island in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain is known for its beaches, bars and restaurants. Another famous attraction is the Sagrada Familia, a Roman Catholic church in Barcelona that is still under construction, though construction began in 1882. El Escorial, a former political center, is nestled in the foothills of the Sierra de Guadarrama and still serves as a royal palace, museum and school. Visitors also often visit the famous Alhambra, a fortress that sits on a plateau outside Grenada.