There are various factors of social change that lead to changes in social order, such as the physical environment, population changes, isolation and contact, social structure, attitudes and values, and technological factors. Other causes of global social change include economic changes, modernization, urbanization, bureaucratization, political power, conflict and competition, ideology, diffusion, acculturation and evolution. Social change involves the alteration of the social order within societies.
Advancements in agriculture led to production of surplus food that led to population growth and industrialization, which led to changes in the way people work, an increase in the use of machines, advanced weaponry in warfare and information overload. Industrialized societies have a highly educated workforce, a highly developed business environment and increased division of labour. Modernization is the process through which a society transforms from an agrarian to an industrial society. A modern society is characterized by the formation of social institutions that regulate behavior, and a government that has a large role in society among other functions. Urbanization also causes social change as people migrate from rural areas to urban ones. Urbanization occurs as people move to big cities looking for job opportunities and also as rural towns start attracting big businesses and transforming into urban areas.