Expository text is non-fiction text meant to inform, analyze, explain or give additional detail about a topic. Some types of expository text include cause-and-effect writing, literary analysis, compare-and-contrast writing and reports.
The two major types of writing are expository and narrative. Expository is different from narrative in that it does not contain fictional elements, characters or a plot. Non-written forms of expository text include presentations, lectures and meetings. To prepare students better for the type of writing they may encounter in everyday life, the U.S. Common Core Standards for English Language Arts places a larger emphasis on expository writing than the traditional novels, stories and poems that had previously been the mainstay of language arts classrooms.