Social Sciences

A:

The limbic system is responsible for processing and controlling emotions in the human brain. The limbic system contains several structures, which are the hypothalamus, the hippocampus and the amygdala. Together, these components work to create simple and complex emotions, and they rely on the nervous system to help people express and convey thoughts, ideas and feelings.

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  • What is meant by 'communal harmony?'

    Q: What is meant by 'communal harmony?'

    A: "Communal harmony" refers to the principle that different peoples within a community or society must live together peacefully and in pursuit of mutual goals. Disharmony, therefore, is the product of alienation of groups from one another based on differences. In addition to this general definition, the term "communal harmony" has taken on special meaning in the nation of India, where it represents an overcoming of traditional separations within society based on religion and caste.
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  • What is importance of health education?

    Q: What is importance of health education?

    A: Health education is important to teach children awareness about living a healthy lifestyle. Health education encompasses social, mental, physical and social health.
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  • What are the different communication styles?

    Q: What are the different communication styles?

    A: There are five different communication styles, including assertive, aggressive, passive-aggressive, submissive and manipulative. Understanding the differing communication styles in everyday interactions is important in helping develop effective communication skills. Being assertive implies respecting oneself and others as well. It refers to the ability to clearly articulate thoughts and feelings via open, honest and direct communication.
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  • What are ways to stop world hunger?

    Q: What are ways to stop world hunger?

    A: The most important step to stopping world hunger is to help people provide for themselves with sustainable agriculture. If they have their own reliable supplies of food, regions do not need to depend on foreign aid. Another effective way is to give poor people access to small amounts of credit so that they can start businesses to grow their local economies.
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  • What is meta-communication, and one example of it?

    Q: What is meta-communication, and one example of it?

    A: Meta-communication is nonverbal communication that either supplements what is being said or indicates that what is being said is not what is meant. For example, if one person asks another person, "Who is crying?" or "What is wrong?" and that person replies that nothing is wrong, obviously, the message being sent does not agree with the spoken reply. Crying is typically indicative of something wrong.
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  • What does the phrase "glass escalator" mean in sociology?

    Q: What does the phrase "glass escalator" mean in sociology?

    A: The "glass escalator" refers to a trend in some female-dominated professions wherein men enter those professions and ride up past women, receiving promotions at quicker rates than women in those professions. Sociologists view this as an additional obstacle for women in the workplace, who already have had to deal with the "glass ceiling," a phenomenon in male-dominated professions keeping women from reaching the same rates of promotion and even pay rates as their male counterparts.
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  • Why is unemployment important?

    Q: Why is unemployment important?

    A: Unemployment is important because it serves primarily as a measurement of economic health on a local, state and national scale. Unemployment is studied and quantified as a measurement of economic health to demonstrate what sectors are most affected by unemployment as well as correlations between lower rates of employment and people of certain ages, ethnicity and socioeconomic status.
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  • What is "structured observation"?

    Q: What is "structured observation"?

    A: In the social sciences such as psychology and sociology, "structured observation" is a method of data and information collecting. Through the structured observation method, social scientists are able to look selectively at the social phenomena they are attempting to study. For this reason, structured observation is a popular method of conducting an experiment or observing a phenomenon for the explicit purpose of testing a specific hypothesis.
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  • What is the difference between rights and responsibilities?

    Q: What is the difference between rights and responsibilities?

    A: Rights refer to the privileges accorded to you by a governing body, and are usually written into laws; responsibilities are the obligations or duties that can either be assigned to you or assumed by you. Rights can be challenged or defended in a court of law.
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  • What does contemporary society mean?

    Q: What does contemporary society mean?

    A: Contemporary society refers to the modern society, in existence at the time being, and the social features it relates to. It is a dynamic reference, with the exact features being referred to changing from generation to generation.
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  • What are disadvantages of using robots?

    Q: What are disadvantages of using robots?

    A: While robots used in manufacturing increase production speed, worker safety and financial savings, they are significantly more expensive than human labor. They also create new safety hazards and reduce the amount of jobs available. Robotic surgery is a relatively new development, with its primary disadvantages involving a lack of efficiency and the prohibitive cost.
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  • Why do refugees leave their countries?

    Q: Why do refugees leave their countries?

    A: Refugees flee their home countries because they fear persecution based on their race, social group, religion or political views. Additionally, some people leave their countries to escape civil war and natural disasters.
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  • What is social stability?

    Q: What is social stability?

    A: Social stability is a sociological perspective that states a group always seeks to maintain equilibrium by forcing out ideas and individuals that disagree with popular opinion. This helps keep society in balance and promotes harmonious coexistence. A lack of social stability causes revolution and unrest in the group.
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  • What is role exit in sociology?

    Q: What is role exit in sociology?

    A: In sociology, the role exit refers to the process of disengaging from a role that is true to one's self-identity, in order to take up a new role and identity. A role in sociology is defined as a set of behaviors expected of individuals who hold a particular position or status. For instance, teachers are not just expected to deliver lectures and assign, but also to be honest, concerned, dedicated and responsible.
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  • Why is racism bad?

    Q: Why is racism bad?

    A: Racism is corrosive for a society because it teaches people to make judgments about others on the basis of the way they look or assumptions that they might make about people from different cultures. Racism allows people to justify all sorts of indignities and horrors to be visited on people from other cultures by saying that the other people are inferior or somehow less than human in some way.
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  • What is ideal culture?

    Q: What is ideal culture?

    A: Ideal culture refers to the idealized system of norms and values that a society claims to believe. The ideal culture exists in tandem with the real culture, which involves the actual values and norms followed by a society. Ideal culture contains the standards that a society tries to live up to.
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  • How does unemployment lead to poverty?

    Q: How does unemployment lead to poverty?

    A: Unemployment creates a lack of financial stability, leading to a downwards spiral in social mobility and eventually poverty. The unemployed will have a lower standard of living than most employed people.
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  • Why is the press called the fourth estate?

    Q: Why is the press called the fourth estate?

    A: Because the press has often played a significant role in shaping the course of politics, and viewed as an important force in government, it has been referred to as the fourth estate in relation to the other three traditional estates of the church, the nobility and the townsmen, or commoners. In 1841, Thomas Carlyle used the term to describe the reporters' gallery in the English Parliament as a "Fourth Estate more important" than the other three estates represented there. The importance of the press in a representative democracy is twofold: it informs the citizenry and also serves as a feedback loop between the government and voters.
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  • What are the advantages of technology?

    Q: What are the advantages of technology?

    A: Specific advantages of technology vary by industry, but technological advances generally improve efficiency, effectiveness and affordability of an operation or project. In business, technology allows companies to improve profitability. In education, learning opportunities are greater. In health care, technology contributes to improved quality and efficiency of treatment.
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  • What solutions are commonly proposed to solve racism?

    Q: What solutions are commonly proposed to solve racism?

    A: The proposed solutions to racism are varied and diverse in nature, although most involve education and open communication between racial leaders and citizens on all sides. While some propose that the solution would involve giving minorities greater opportunity, most agree that racial tensions cannot be solved until members of all racial groups acknowledge issues within their group and develop plans for better cross-cultural understanding.
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  • What is the communication cycle?

    Q: What is the communication cycle?

    A: The communication cycle is the process by which a message is sent by one individual, and it passes through a chain of recipients. The timing and effectiveness of a communication cycle is based on how long it takes for feedback to be received by the initial sender. Communication cycles are present in social circles and business landscapes and exist in various forms.
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