Social Sciences

A:

The average 4-year-old laughs 300 times per day, whereas the average 40-year-old laughs four times per day. A study done in 1999 revealed the average adult laughed 17 times per day when participants were asked to record how many times they laughed in three days.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What Are Different Types of History?

    Q: What Are Different Types of History?

    A: According to University of Kentucky, there are six types of history: political, diplomatic, social, cultural, economic and intellectual. There are also two schools of thought when interpreting history: the conservative-consensus and the progressive-new left.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is Upward Communication?

    Q: What Is Upward Communication?

    A: "Upward communication" is communication from front line employees to their managers or higher-ranking people within an organization. It is one form of vertical communication, with downward or top-down communication being the other.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is Social Mobilization?

    Q: What Is Social Mobilization?

    A: Social mobilization is a process that raises awareness and motivates people to demand change or a particular development. It is mostly used by social movements in grassroots groups, governments and political organizations to achieve a particular goal, and in most cases, the process of social mobilization takes place in large gatherings, such as processions, demonstrations, marches and mass meetings. Social mobilization is also used by organizations to facilitate change.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Difference Between Discrimination and Prejudice?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between Discrimination and Prejudice?

    A: Prejudice refers to thoughts and attitudes a person holds toward a group of people, while discrimination refers to actual actions against such a group, as defined by the online Introduction to Sociology textbook from OpenStax College. Anti-discrimination laws exist to prevent discriminatory actions against any group of people.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are Some Advantages of Science and Technology?

    Q: What Are Some Advantages of Science and Technology?

    A: Some advantages of science and technology include improved transportation and communication, quality health care, easier methods of conducting business, and improved learning capabilities. The increased convenience of travel and improved levels of health care that have resulted from investments in science and technology have had a significant impact on society.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are Common Causes of Political Instability?

    Q: What Are Common Causes of Political Instability?

    A: Political instability can be caused by many factors, including conflict between rival parties, insufficient resources and the proximity to other nations in conflict. Political instability occurs when there is a sudden change. This sudden change can leave citizens in doubt about their nation's situation and may lead to revolt.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are Examples of Prejudice Today?

    Q: What Are Examples of Prejudice Today?

    A: Examples of prejudice found in modern society are the common assumptions that African Americans have greater inborn rhythmic abilities and a thicker skull, as noted in a 1995 psychology study. Types of prejudice found in modern society include those related to sex, gender, race, nationality, ethnicity, class, religion, disability and language.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are Examples of Social Issues?

    Q: What Are Examples of Social Issues?

    A: Racism, violence in schools, drug abuse, unemployment, hunger and unfair labor conditions are examples of social issues in the United States. Typically, social issues result from factors beyond an individual's control and disproportionately affect people who share characteristics such as race, religion, economic status or geographic location.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are the Potential Effects of Discrimination?

    Q: What Are the Potential Effects of Discrimination?

    A: Discrimination can lead to poor physical health, stress, anxiety, depression and decreased enjoyment of social interactions. Discrimination of all kinds can negatively affect relationships, employment and quality of life.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why Do We Need a Government?

    Q: Why Do We Need a Government?

    A: Society uses government to put in place laws designed to protect individuals and groups within society. Without laws, society would devolve into anarchy, with individuals seeking their own goals at the expense of others.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is a Social Hierarchy?

    Q: What Is a Social Hierarchy?

    A: Present in both the animal kingdom and human society, a social hierarchy is the arrangement of individuals into a social ladder. In humans, this falls along lines of a person's gender, race and economic means.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why Is Transportation Important?

    Q: Why Is Transportation Important?

    A: Transportation is important for multiple reasons that include travel, economic activity and mobility. Travel and mobility are difficult without the use of transportation services, and transportation provides an effective way to transport people and commodities from one place to another place. Methods of transportation include buses, planes, boats, trains, cars and other vehicles. Transportation is important for moving food, furniture, medicine, chemicals, clothing and other valuable necessities.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are Contemporary Issues?

    Q: What Are Contemporary Issues?

    A: A contemporary issue can be defined as any event, idea, opinion or topic in a given subject that is relevant to the present day. Contemporary issues can be found in almost any matter of interest.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is a Social Reformer?

    Q: What Is a Social Reformer?

    A: A social reformer is anyone who advocates for reform of a certain area of society. "Crusader" and "meliorist" are used as general synonyms for social reformers.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is Society'?

    Q: What Is Society'?

    A: Society describes a group of people who share similar values, laws and traditions living in organized communities for mutual benefits. Members of society often share religions, politics or culture.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology?

    Q: What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology?

    A: According to Use of Technology, the advantages of technology include access to information, improved communication, improved entertainment, educational convenience, social networking and advancements within various industries. Disadvantages of technology include increased loneliness, potential addiction, job loss, reduced competency, destructive weapons and instant gratification. Technology continues to grow rapidly and to change different aspects of life daily.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are Some Examples of Social Conditions?

    Q: What Are Some Examples of Social Conditions?

    A: Availability of food supplies, drug problems, education, unemployment, crime levels and healthcare are all examples of social conditions. When populations benefit from favorable conditional factors, the overall quality of life also tends to be favorable. When these factors negatively impact on quality of life, they are known as social problems.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Relationship Between Education and Culture?

    Q: What Is the Relationship Between Education and Culture?

    A: Culture strongly influences how an individual approaches education, and a society's culture determines how that society educates its citizens. Because culture consists of values and beliefs that influence practices, students are more likely to engage in education that aligns with and includes their cultural identity. An increasing number of schools are approaching curriculum building with culture in mind.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Definition of Gender Stereotyping?

    Q: What Is the Definition of Gender Stereotyping?

    A: In gender stereotyping, people make inaccurate, overly simplistic generalizations of others based upon their gender. These assumptions are untrue because they do not take into account that everyone is an individual with unique thoughts, feelings and aspirations.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why Do People Say the Pledge of Allegiance Everyday?

    Q: Why Do People Say the Pledge of Allegiance Everyday?

    A: The primary reason to say the Pledge of Allegiance, especially among children in school, is to instill a sense of patriotism and to show pride and loyalty towards the country. In addition to school children, the Pledge of Allegiance is used to open congressional sessions and is also used in various government meetings at local events and in meetings among private organizations.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are the Components of Tourism?

    Q: What Are the Components of Tourism?

    A: The main components of tourism are accessibility, accommodation and attraction or locale. According to the Enuga State Tourism Board, these are considered the 3 A's of tourism.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: