Social Sciences

A:

Managerial capitalism posits that dominant CEOs would no longer run businesses but instead hired employees would run the businesses as a new class of professional CEOs. Adolf A. Berle and Gardiner C. Means first make this proposal in their 1932 treatise "The Modern Corporation and Private Property" in which they endorse the idea that owners turn companies over to professional managers.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What Are Examples of Social Issues?

    Q: What Are Examples of Social Issues?

    A: Racism, violence in schools, drug abuse, unemployment, hunger and unfair labor conditions are examples of social issues in the United States. Typically, social issues result from factors beyond an individual's control and disproportionately affect people who share characteristics such as race, religion, economic status or geographic location.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Does Global Village Mean?

    Q: What Does Global Village Mean?

    A: A global village refers to a world connected by electronics and technology. The term was coined and popularized by Marshal McLuhan, a Canadian philosopher.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Does the Phrase "glass Escalator" Mean in Sociology?

    Q: What Does the Phrase "glass Escalator" Mean in Sociology?

    A: The "glass escalator" refers to a trend in some female-dominated professions wherein men enter those professions and ride up past women, receiving promotions at quicker rates than women in those professions. Sociologists view this as an additional obstacle for women in the workplace, who already have had to deal with the "glass ceiling," a phenomenon in male-dominated professions keeping women from reaching the same rates of promotion and even pay rates as their male counterparts.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Sociological Perspective?

    Q: What Is the Sociological Perspective?

    A: The sociological perspective is the study of human life, social interactions and how those interactions shape groups and entire societies. The sociological perspective is rooted in three foundational theories.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is an Example of Social Reform?

    Q: What Is an Example of Social Reform?

    A: An example of social reform is the African-American civil rights movement. Social reform movements are organized to carry out reform in specific areas.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How Do You Prevent Stereotyping?

    Q: How Do You Prevent Stereotyping?

    A: To prevent stereotyping, strategies such as cooperative interaction, intergroup contact, interpersonal friendships, recategorization, cognitive training, intergroup differentiation, and motivating self-regulation and empathy are very instrumental. Unwavering efforts to promote internal motivation against prejudice, as well as increasing awareness of unhealthy bias support and encouraging individuals to accept fears and challenges are important. Learning to recognize and, therefore, avoid generalizations is also another powerful tool for preventing stereotyping.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why Is Learning Important?

    Q: Why Is Learning Important?

    A: Learning is important because it boosts confidence, is enjoyable and provides happiness, leads to a better quality of life and helps boost personal development. Learning is about more than economic success, but is also about the way that it can influence a person's life in positive ways such as happiness.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is "structured Observation"?

    Q: What Is "structured Observation"?

    A: In the social sciences such as psychology and sociology, "structured observation" is a method of data and information collecting. Through the structured observation method, social scientists are able to look selectively at the social phenomena they are attempting to study. For this reason, structured observation is a popular method of conducting an experiment or observing a phenomenon for the explicit purpose of testing a specific hypothesis.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How Does the Media Influence Public Agenda?

    Q: How Does the Media Influence Public Agenda?

    A: According to Fresno State, the media influences the public agenda using agenda setting. Agenda setting is a process in which the mass media determines what the general public thinks and worries about.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Social Sciences 101: What Is Social Diversity?

    Q: Social Sciences 101: What Is Social Diversity?

    A: Social diversity is the different ways that make people who they are. Key characteristics that make up social diversity can include ethnicity, race, religion, language and gender.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who Are Examples of Opinion Leaders?

    Q: Who Are Examples of Opinion Leaders?

    A: Opinion leaders are individuals who are active voices in their communities and influence the decisions of community members. Opinion leaders may be educated and highly skilled individuals, such as doctors, pastors or local politicians, and they can also be individuals who know their communities well and whose opinions are respected by members, such as barbers or daycare center operators.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How Can You Stop Yourself From Stereotyping Other People?

    Q: How Can You Stop Yourself From Stereotyping Other People?

    A: Some ways to stop stereotyping other people include acknowledging learned prejudices, confronting your own stereotypes without assigning blame, finding support among others to change personal prejudices, becoming more aware of comments that stereotype other people and increasing exposure to people in groups who are often stereotyped. Other steps to reduce prejudice include interrupting thoughts expressing stereotypes and learning how other people may be stereotyping you.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are the Social Aspects of Society?

    Q: What Are the Social Aspects of Society?

    A: Virtually all aspects of society are social. Society is a group of people who co-exist in an organized manner. The term "social" refers to the interactions and relations that take place between people. Therefore, to live within society is to be social.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Difference Between a Community and a Society?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between a Community and a Society?

    A: The primary difference between a community and a society is that a community is limited to a specific geographic location, but a society can be made up of people who live in different places. Another difference is that a society is made up of direct and indirect social connections between people, but a community is made up of individuals who are more closely connected. For example, people who live in a town represent a community, whereas everyone who lives in the state the town is located in makes up a society.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Individual Vs. Society?

    Q: What Is the Individual Vs. Society?

    A: The phrase "individual vs. society" refers to a conflict between an individual and their society. The phrase is often used to describe conflicts in a literary work. However, it can also be used in real life situations to describe scenarios in which a maverick wants to rebel from cultural norms and feels restrained by society.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are the Pros and Cons of Compulsory Education?

    Q: What Are the Pros and Cons of Compulsory Education?

    A: Compulsory education ensures that all students nationwide are exposed to the basic knowledge required to live in society. Reference.com states that making some schooling required aims to teach children to read and write well enough to understand the laws of the nation. It also teaches basic arithmetic and allows for written communication. Basic knowledge prepares children for the workforce in later life and makes procuring employment a more manageable goal.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Definition of Social Reform?

    Q: What Is the Definition of Social Reform?

    A: Social reform is a movement that seeks to change the social and political views of marginalized groups. Social reform movements involve the marginalized group and the activists in an effort to change political policy while bringing public awareness to the issue through protests, amended legislature and the media.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are the Advantages of the Mass Media?

    Q: What Are the Advantages of the Mass Media?

    A: The mass media allows people worldwide to communicate more easily. In advertising, the mass media allows a broader reach of audience. Communicating news and promotional activities through the mass media allows a faster and easier reach of the market.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Definition of "social Obligation"?

    Q: What Is the Definition of "social Obligation"?

    A: For an individual, a "social obligation" is an informal need to do something based on prescribed social etiquette. Reciprocating an invitation to dinner is a social obligation when a person doesn't really want to do it. For businesses, a social obligation is an informal need to give back to society.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is Society'?

    Q: What Is Society'?

    A: Society describes a group of people who share similar values, laws and traditions living in organized communities for mutual benefits. Members of society often share religions, politics or culture.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why Is Transportation Important?

    Q: Why Is Transportation Important?

    A: Transportation is important for multiple reasons that include travel, economic activity and mobility. Travel and mobility are difficult without the use of transportation services, and transportation provides an effective way to transport people and commodities from one place to another place. Methods of transportation include buses, planes, boats, trains, cars and other vehicles. Transportation is important for moving food, furniture, medicine, chemicals, clothing and other valuable necessities.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: