Social Sciences

A:

As the famous Winston Churchill quote states, "those who do not remember history are surely doomed to repeat it." History is important because it shows trends of culture, society, economics and other aspects of human development. By studying history, it is possible to find causes and effects of important events and use the knowledge to inform later decisions.

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  • What is the definition of "social obligation"?

    Q: What is the definition of "social obligation"?

    A: For an individual, a "social obligation" is an informal need to do something based on prescribed social etiquette. Reciprocating an invitation to dinner is a social obligation when a person doesn't really want to do it. For businesses, a social obligation is an informal need to give back to society.
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  • What is the role of a change agent?

    Q: What is the role of a change agent?

    A: A change agent acts as a consultant for an organization and works to evaluate, analyze and implement necessary changes to organizational procedures. The change agent's role includes serving as a researcher, counselor, trainer or teacher within the organization.
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  • What was the Incas' social structure?

    Q: What was the Incas' social structure?

    A: The Incas' social structure was divided into four levels: Sapa Inca, royalty, nobility and the ayllu. The Sapa Inca was the most powerful person in the entire empire; he served as the king of the Incas and was believed to be the "son of the sun."
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  • How many people in the world have a computer?

    Q: How many people in the world have a computer?

    A: The answer can only be approximated and also depends on what is defined as a computer. The website InternetWorldStats.com estimates that 2,405,518,376 people, or 34.3 percent of the world's population, are Internet users, meaning they have access to the Internet either through a computer or mobile phone.
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  • What does the phrase "glass escalator" mean in sociology?

    Q: What does the phrase "glass escalator" mean in sociology?

    A: The "glass escalator" refers to a trend in some female-dominated professions wherein men enter those professions and ride up past women, receiving promotions at quicker rates than women in those professions. Sociologists view this as an additional obstacle for women in the workplace, who already have had to deal with the "glass ceiling," a phenomenon in male-dominated professions keeping women from reaching the same rates of promotion and even pay rates as their male counterparts.
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  • Why is cooperation important?

    Q: Why is cooperation important?

    A: Cooperation is important because it allows people and groups to work together to achieve a common goal or derive mutual benefits. Cooperation exists at many levels and takes place between individuals and organizations as well as between states and countries. Cooperation allows participants to exchange valuable information that helps both sides improve their knowledge bases and work in a time- and resource-efficient manner.
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  • What are the main causes of famine?

    Q: What are the main causes of famine?

    A: The main causes of famine include both environmental and political factors. While the vast majority of famines throughout history have been caused by unexpected environmental difficulties, many have been caused by political mismanagement. In more recent history, famines have commonly been caused by regional strife and misallocation of resources by totalitarian governments.
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  • How does the media influence public agenda?

    Q: How does the media influence public agenda?

    A: According to Fresno State, the media influences the public agenda using agenda setting. Agenda setting is a process in which the mass media determines what the general public thinks and worries about.
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  • What is meta-communication, and one example of it?

    Q: What is meta-communication, and one example of it?

    A: Meta-communication is nonverbal communication that either supplements what is being said or indicates that what is being said is not what is meant. For example, if one person asks another person, "Who is crying?" or "What is wrong?" and that person replies that nothing is wrong, obviously, the message being sent does not agree with the spoken reply. Crying is typically indicative of something wrong.
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  • What is the definition of "social ill?"

    Q: What is the definition of "social ill?"

    A: A "social ill" is a term synonymous with the phrase "social problem" or "social issue." A social problem exists when a condition is undesirable to some members of a community, according to Syracuse University. Examples of some social ills include crime, bullying, racism, delinquency, discrimination, family disintegration, drug addiction, poverty and homelessness.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of censorship?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of censorship?

    A: Censorship is the control of information through the suppression of media outlets, including books, television, news publications and other media of information. Perceived advantages are subjective and can range from political control to the reinforcement of religious values and ideals. Disadvantages include violations of individual rights, limiting education and restricting business growth, according to Ashley Poland of Chron. What one sees as an advantage, another may see as a disadvantage.
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  • What is the six-step decision making process?

    Q: What is the six-step decision making process?

    A: The six-step decision-making process is called rational decision-making, and it utilizes analysis and facts to make a decision. The steps are defining the problem, identifying the decision criteria, ranking the criteria, developing alternative solutions, evaluating the solutions and selecting the best solution. This decision-making modal makes some assumptions, such as having a clearly defined problem and an ability to identify all possible solutions.
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  • What are the potential effects of discrimination?

    Q: What are the potential effects of discrimination?

    A: The potential effects of discrimination include physical health problems, mental anxiety, decreased self-esteem and confidence and negative experiences with social interactions. Discrimination can prompt individuals to withdraw socially, lash out at others and participate in violent tendencies when they feel threatened.
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  • What are the advantages of technology?

    Q: What are the advantages of technology?

    A: Specific advantages of technology vary by industry, but technological advances generally improve efficiency, effectiveness and affordability of an operation or project. In business, technology allows companies to improve profitability. In education, learning opportunities are greater. In health care, technology contributes to improved quality and efficiency of treatment.
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  • How does unemployment lead to poverty?

    Q: How does unemployment lead to poverty?

    A: Unemployment creates a lack of financial stability, leading to a downwards spiral in social mobility and eventually poverty. The unemployed will have a lower standard of living than most employed people.
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  • What is social mobilization?

    Q: What is social mobilization?

    A: Social mobilization is a process that raises awareness and motivates people to demand change or a particular development. It is mostly used by social movements in grassroots groups, governments and political organizations to achieve a particular goal, and in most cases, the process of social mobilization takes place in large gatherings, such as processions, demonstrations, marches and mass meetings. Social mobilization is also used by organizations to facilitate change.
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  • How does geography affect culture?

    Q: How does geography affect culture?

    A: Geography affects culture through topographical features such as mountains or deserts as well as climate, which can dictate options for clothing, shelter and food. The interaction of culture and geography is called human geography, which is the study of people's language, religion, medicine, economics and entertainment and how these practices have been influenced by their location.
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  • Why do refugees leave their countries?

    Q: Why do refugees leave their countries?

    A: Refugees flee their home countries because they fear persecution based on their race, social group, religion, or political views. Additionally, some people leave their countries to escape civil war and natural disasters.
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  • What is individual discrimination?

    Q: What is individual discrimination?

    A: Individual discrimination refers to the discrimination against one person by another. It is a personal act of discrimination caused by certain negative attitudes toward another person. It can occur because of ethnic or racial differences between the affected individuals.
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  • What is importance of health education?

    Q: What is importance of health education?

    A: Health education is important to teach children awareness about living a healthy lifestyle. Health education encompasses social, mental, physical and social health.
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  • What are some examples of infrastructure?

    Q: What are some examples of infrastructure?

    A: The term infrastructure encompasses the physical facilities and systems that serve the public at large. These include structures that facilitate transportation, communication and other essential daily processes. These structures can range from standard roads to major accomplishments such as dams and canals.
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