Religion

A:

According to Oxford Dictionaries, a group of nuns is known as a superfluity. Although the term is now rarely used to refer to nuns, it is sometimes used to refer to an excessive amount of something.

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  • How Did Buddhism Begin?

    Q: How Did Buddhism Begin?

    A: Buddhism began in the 7th century B.C., when Buddha Shakyamuni began teaching the path to enlightenment after he himself was enlightened under a Bodhi tree while living in the forest after renouncing his role as prince. Buddha began spreading the four noble truths. These truths were the first spokes in the first turn of the wheel of Dharma.
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  • What Are the Main Religions in Africa?

    Q: What Are the Main Religions in Africa?

    A: The main religions in Africa include Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism and traditional African religion. Traditional African religion encompasses all the religious beliefs of the indigenous African people.
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  • What Is the Holy Book of Taoism?

    Q: What Is the Holy Book of Taoism?

    A: The primary scripture of Taoism is the "Tao Te Ching," which is also sometimes called the "Laozi" after its purported author, Lao Tzu. However, Taoists also venerate many other works, including the "Zhuangzi" and the "Liezi," authored by Chuang Tzu and Lieh Tzu respectively. The term "tzu," or "zi," roughly translates to "master."
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  • What Are Judaism's Places of Worship Called?

    Q: What Are Judaism's Places of Worship Called?

    A: In the Jewish faith, a place of worship is called a temple, shul or synagogue. The synagogue is similar to a Christian church. It serves as a social center and as a place to pray and study. It is the center of the religious community.
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  • What Did Gandhi Fight For?

    Q: What Did Gandhi Fight For?

    A: Mahatma Gandhi's primary cause was the Indian independence movement, which sought to create an Indian state that was free of British rule. He was also committed to a philosophy of peaceful resistance through which the Indian people could achieve their goals without resorting to war or violence.
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  • What Did Mahatma Gandhi Believe In?

    Q: What Did Mahatma Gandhi Believe In?

    A: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, believed in Hinduism, non-violence, vegetarianism, self-rule, education, the search for truth and the usefulness of fasting and celibacy. Ghandi's Hinduism had Jain influences. He used the principles of non-violence to lead an Indian resistance against the British.
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  • What Is a Hindu Religious Leader Called?

    Q: What Is a Hindu Religious Leader Called?

    A: A Hindu priest or religious leader is called a swami. The word "swami" means "master" in Hindu, or "striving for the mastery over one's smaller self and habit patterns, so that the eternal Self within may come shining through."
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  • What Are Some of the Beliefs of Confucianism?

    Q: What Are Some of the Beliefs of Confucianism?

    A: Essential beliefs of Confucianism include maintaining a sense of doing the right things, serving superiors diligently and showing loyally while displaying benevolence toward others. Confucianism maintains a humanistic outlook that considers secularism to be sacred.
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  • What Was Plato's Theory of Ethics?

    Q: What Was Plato's Theory of Ethics?

    A: Plato's theory of ethics, known as the Theory of Forms, stipulates that a person's well-being aims for the highest level of morality, but a person's virtues provide the skills necessary to attain a desired level of morality. Plato's theory of ethics deems happiness as the ultimate level of perfection.
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  • What Does the Word 'Diwali' Mean?

    Q: What Does the Word 'Diwali' Mean?

    A: The word Diwali refers to a traditional Hindu holiday known as the festival of lights. Diwali, which can also be referred to as Deepavali, is celebrated in every autumn and focuses on a celebration of literal and figurative light.
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  • What Is the Main Religion in Thailand?

    Q: What Is the Main Religion in Thailand?

    A: Thailand's official national religion is Theravada Buddhism. About 95 percent of the country practices this religion and has since the 13th century.
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  • What Are the Five Relationships of Confucianism?

    Q: What Are the Five Relationships of Confucianism?

    A: The five relationships of Confucianism are father and son, elder brother and younger brother, husband and wife, older friend and younger friend, and ruler and subject. Confucius saw these relationships as the building blocks of a civilized society. A particular set of behaviors must be maintained in each relationship, which comes from the development of deliberate traditions. Without them, he believed humans would return to anarchy.
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  • What Is the Main Contribution That Auguste Comte Made to Sociology?

    Q: What Is the Main Contribution That Auguste Comte Made to Sociology?

    A: Auguste Comte is best known for coining the term "sociology." Comte was born in France shortly after the French Revolution. In response to the social upheaval and alienation of the period, he devoted himself to the study of society, which he called sociology.
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  • What Is Argentina's Main Religion?

    Q: What Is Argentina's Main Religion?

    A: The main religion of Argentina is Roman Catholicism. Because Argentina does not keep official records of religious affiliation, estimates vary, but the Roman Catholic population is somewhere between 76 and 92 percent of Argentina's population. However, only around 20 percent of Argentines are practicing Catholics.
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  • What Is the Holy Book of Jainism?

    Q: What Is the Holy Book of Jainism?

    A: The holy book of Jainism is a collection of texts known as Agam Literature or the Agam Sutras. Jains see these texts, which are the transcriptions of Lord Mahavir's sermons, as sacred documents.
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  • What Is the Name of the Sikh's Holy Book?

    Q: What Is the Name of the Sikh's Holy Book?

    A: The holy book of the Sikh religion is the Guru Granth Sahib. Originally, the religion relied on the teaching of living gurus. The 10th guru, Gobind Singh, declared that he would have no living successor, and this collection of teachings would become the ultimate guru for the Sikh.
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  • What Are Some Words of Welcome for Church Visitors?

    Q: What Are Some Words of Welcome for Church Visitors?

    A: The best way to welcome new people into a church is simply to start off friendly, learn their names, make eye contact, and tell them about the church itself. Make them quickly familiar with key people within the church, and introduce them to the pastor or priest if possible.
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  • What Is the Holy Book of Buddhism?

    Q: What Is the Holy Book of Buddhism?

    A: The Buddhist holy book is known as the Tipitaka. The Buddha’s teachings were preserved in the Pali Canon, which acts as an extensive analytical record written in Pali, the Buddha’s native dialect. Pali is considered the classical language of Buddhism, and the documents preserved in Pali make up the Tipitaka as well as other Buddhist documents such as the Atthakatha, Tika, Anu-tika and Madhu-tika.
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  • What Were Plato's Beliefs?

    Q: What Were Plato's Beliefs?

    A: The core of Plato's beliefs is that objects, properties and relations are merely copies of "Forms," which are non-material ideas that possess the highest and most fundamental kind of reality, as stated by PhilosophyBasics.com. This theory of Forms essentially states that intellectual truth is an unadulterated version of its physical imitation.
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  • How Does Karma Actually Work?

    Q: How Does Karma Actually Work?

    A: Karma is an ethical cause and effect, where the intentional actions a person takes now affect the quality of their life now and in future lives. It is often thrown around in modern casual conversations as a type of luck, but it is the central concept of many Eastern religions including Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.
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  • What Do Judaism and Islam Have in Common?

    Q: What Do Judaism and Islam Have in Common?

    A: Islam and Judaism are both monotheistic religions that believe in the fundamental good and evil of humans and use a specific holy book and specified houses of worship. Both religions also share similar regional origins.
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