The Four Noble Truths are the principles that form the foundation of Buddhism. They are comprised of the truth of suffering, the truth of the origin of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering and the truth of the path to freedom from suffering.
A:Auguste Comte is best known for coining the term "sociology." Comte was born in France shortly after the French Revolution. In response to the social upheaval and alienation of the period, he devoted himself to the study of society, which he called sociology.
A:The holy book of the Sikh religion is the Guru Granth Sahib. Originally, the religion relied on the teaching of living gurus. The 10th guru, Gobind Singh, declared that he would have no living successor, and this collection of teachings would become the ultimate guru for the Sikh.
A:Some of the essential beliefs of Confucianism are that people must maintain a sense of doing what is right, serve their superiors diligently and loyally, display benevolence towards others and that an ideal ruler should influence others by moral example. Confucianism holds to a humanistic outlook in which the secular is sacred. People are expected to perform and adhere to specific rules and rituals based on societal hierarchy in their interactions with each other.
A:Mahatma Gandhi's primary cause was the Indian independence movement, which sought to create an Indian state that was free of British rule. He was also committed to a philosophy of peaceful resistance through which the Indian people could achieve their goals without resorting to war or violence.
A:Plato's theory of ethics, known as the Theory of Forms, stipulates that a person's well-being aims for the highest level of morality, but a person's virtues provide the skills necessary to attain a desired level of morality. Plato's theory of ethics deems happiness as the ultimate level of perfection.
A:The Buddhist holy book is known as the Tipitaka. The Buddha’s teachings were preserved in the Pali Canon, which acts as an extensive analytical record written in Pali, the Buddha’s native dialect. Pali is considered the classical language of Buddhism, and the documents preserved in Pali make up the Tipitaka as well as other Buddhist documents such as the Atthakatha, Tika, Anu-tika and Madhu-tika.
A:The primary scripture of Taoism is the "Tao Te Ching," which is also sometimes called the "Laozi" after its purported author, Lao Tzu. However, Taoists also venerate many other works, including the "Zhuangzi" and the "Liezi," authored by Chuang Tzu and Lieh Tzu respectively. The term "tzu," or "zi," roughly translates to "master."
A:The word Diwali refers to a traditional Hindu holiday known as the festival of lights. Diwali, which can also be referred to as Deepavali, is celebrated in every autumn and focuses on a celebration of literal and figurative light.
A:Karma is an ethical cause and effect, where the intentional actions a person takes now affect the quality of their life now and in future lives. It is often thrown around in modern casual conversations as a type of luck, but it is the central concept of many Eastern religions including Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.
A:Islam and Judaism are both monotheistic religions that believe in the fundamental good and evil of humans and use a specific holy book and specified houses of worship. Both religions also share similar regional origins.
A:Buddhism began in the 7th century B.C., when Buddha Shakyamuni began teaching the path to enlightenment after he himself was enlightened under a Bodhi tree while living in the forest after renouncing his role as prince. Buddha began spreading the four noble truths. These truths were the first spokes in the first turn of the wheel of Dharma.
A:The five relationships of Confucianism are father and son, elder brother and younger brother, husband and wife, older friend and younger friend, and ruler and subject. Confucius saw these relationships as the building blocks of a civilized society. A particular set of behaviors must be maintained in each relationship, which comes from the development of deliberate traditions. Without them, he believed humans would return to anarchy.
A:The main religions in Africa include Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism and traditional African religion. Traditional African religion encompasses all the religious beliefs of the indigenous African people.
A:Islam is the main religion in Turkey, with over 99 percent of residents adhering to that faith. Because of its location between Europe and the Middle East, Turkey has been home to major populations of Catholic, Orthodox Christian and Jewish residents throughout its history.
A:Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, believed in Hinduism, non-violence, vegetarianism, self-rule, education, the search for truth and the usefulness of fasting and celibacy. Ghandi's Hinduism had Jain influences. He used the principles of non-violence to lead an Indian resistance against the British.
A:There isn't a specific place of worship for Confucianism. There are public temples where incense may be burnt as an offering, but there are no religious services in the traditional sense. However, great importance is placed on ceremony and ritual within family life, as well as the community and government.
A:A Hindu priest or religious leader is called a swami. The word "swami" means "master" in Hindu, or "striving for the mastery over one's smaller self and habit patterns, so that the eternal Self within may come shining through."