Psychology

A:

The availability heuristic refers to the tendency of the human mind to assume that events that spring easily to mind happen with equal frequency in the real world. Heuristics are cognitive shortcuts used by the brain to navigate the world more efficiently.

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  • What Are Perceptual Distortions?

    Q: What Are Perceptual Distortions?

    A: Perceptual distortions are incorrect understandings or abnormal interpretations of a perceptual experience. A perceptual distortion occurs when a person's response to stimuli varies from how it is commonly perceived. Perceptual distortions can relate to either sensory or psychological perception and can occur as a result of cognitive bias, psychological disorders, medication or drugs, or physical damage to the brain or sensory organs.
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  • What Is the Definition of "emotional Stability"?

    Q: What Is the Definition of "emotional Stability"?

    A: "Emotional stability" refers to a person's ability to remain calm or even keel when faced with pressure or stress. Someone who is emotionally unstable is more volatile, which means the person faces an increased risk of reacting with violent or harmful behaviors when provoked.
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  • What Is Effective Communication?

    Q: What Is Effective Communication?

    A: Effective communication is communication that is clearly and successfully delivered, received and understood. Learning the skills of effective communication can help people to resolve differences while building trust and respect.
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  • What Is a Physical Need?

    Q: What Is a Physical Need?

    A: According to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a physical need is something critical to the survival to the survival of the human body. Maslow lists the basic physical needs as water, air, food, warmth, sex, sleep and the disposal of bodily waste.
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  • What Are Interpersonal Skills?

    Q: What Are Interpersonal Skills?

    A: Interpersonal skills are often called "people skills" because they describe a person's ability to interact with other people in a positive and cooperative manner. Unlike technical skills that people attend school for, interpersonal skills are considered soft skills that are typically developed over time through interactions.
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  • Why Do We Need Psychology?

    Q: Why Do We Need Psychology?

    A: The world needs psychology because it allows people to better understand how the mind works. Having this understanding allows mental illnesses to be better diagnosed and managed, helps people manage their relationships with those around them, encourages those with depression or anxiety to take steps to improve their conditions, and promotes an overall healthier mental state.
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  • What Are the Different Types of Identity?

    Q: What Are the Different Types of Identity?

    A: People construct their identity through internal processes or by belonging to a group, and combined with a person's preference to a type of control, they can be defined by four distinct identity types: leader, follower, independent and drifter. In the general field of social sciences, identity can be more loosely defined as how someone perceives themselves and how they are perceived within a group or affiliation.
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  • What Are the Types of Listening?

    Q: What Are the Types of Listening?

    A: The two main types of listening are discriminative and comprehensive. On top of the two basic types of listening, there are more specific types: informational, critical, therapeutic and appreciative. Furthermore, there are also some specific, but less important types of listening like rapport or selective listening.
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  • What Is Interpersonal Behavior?

    Q: What Is Interpersonal Behavior?

    A: Interpersonal behavior is the behavior and actions that are present in human relationships. The way in which people communicate, and all that this entails, is considered interpersonal behavior.
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  • What Is the Availability Heuristic in Psychology?

    Q: What Is the Availability Heuristic in Psychology?

    A: The availability heuristic refers to the tendency of the human mind to assume that events that spring easily to mind happen with equal frequency in the real world. Heuristics are cognitive shortcuts used by the brain to navigate the world more efficiently.
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  • How Do You Learn to Be Funny?

    Q: How Do You Learn to Be Funny?

    A: There is evidence to suggest that comedy is a skill that can be gained or honed through practice; doing things like taking classes or studying advice from famous comedians may help a person become more humorous. It may be possible to find a professional stand-up or improv comic who teaches workshops or clinics on comedy, allowing individuals to hone their skills in a group setting through hands-on learning. Additionally, books on the subject are available for those who want additional information or prefer to study on their own.
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  • Why Do People Dream About Fish?

    Q: Why Do People Dream About Fish?

    A: To see fish in a dream symbolizes insights from the subconscious or it could mean conception since many pregnant women see fish during unconscious dreams. Fish are sources of nourishment and symbolize food for the psyche. Fish also stand for Christianity and Christians as these creatures represent Jesus Christ.
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  • Why Do People Explore?

    Q: Why Do People Explore?

    A: According to NASA, humans explore because of an innate desire to learn the world around them. The urge to explore was ingrained in the psyche so that human ancestors could find places that were abundant in food, water and other resources necessary for survival. This primordial desire to explore the world around them might be what continues to lead humanity to venture out and explore even today.
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  • What Is Qualitative Analysis Used For?

    Q: What Is Qualitative Analysis Used For?

    A: Qualitative analysis is used in chemistry in order to determine which chemical elements, either single or grouped, are present in a given sample of material. Qualitative analysis is typically performed using a mass spectrometer or chromatography.
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  • What Are Examples of Learned Behavior?

    Q: What Are Examples of Learned Behavior?

    A: Some examples of learned behavior are a dog that is taught to roll over or a recently hatched goose that imprints on something other than its mother. Learned behavior is shaped through experience, such as through the application of rewards, punishments or constant conditioning.
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  • What Are Negative and Positive Incentives?

    Q: What Are Negative and Positive Incentives?

    A: Positive incentives seek to motivate others by promising a reward, whereas negative incentives aim to motivate others by threatening a punishment. Opinion is divided as to what works best, but both have applications in a variety of settings.
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  • Why Is the Study of Psychology Important?

    Q: Why Is the Study of Psychology Important?

    A: According to Ronald Riggio, Ph.D., of Claremont McKenna College, the study of psychology is important to explain basic human behavior, apply critical decision and thinking skills, improve interpersonal communication and provide a background for the business sector. Psychology graduates hold many different careers.
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  • What Are Moral Values?

    Q: What Are Moral Values?

    A: Moral values refer to a set of principles that guide an individual on how to evaluate right versus wrong. People generally apply moral values to justify decisions, intentions and actions, and it also defines the personal character of a person. An individual with high moral values typically displays characteristics of integrity, courage, respect, fairness, honesty and compassion
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  • What Is It Called When You Believe Your Own Lies?

    Q: What Is It Called When You Believe Your Own Lies?

    A: According to a scholarly article in the Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, there is some indication that pathological liars believe their own lies to the extent of delusion. The claim remains controversial among psychiatrists. Pathological lying is also called mythomania or pseudologia fantastica.
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  • What Is Social Interaction?

    Q: What Is Social Interaction?

    A: At its essence, social interaction is defined as the manner in which people talk to and interact with one another. Social interaction is dependent upon the societal structure in which the communications occur.
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  • What Is Frustration Aggression Theory?

    Q: What Is Frustration Aggression Theory?

    A: The frustration aggression theory is a psychological theory that aggression is caused by blocking, or frustrating, a person's efforts to achieve a goal. The theory has its origin in a 1939 hypothesis and study by Dollar, Doob, Miller, Mower and Sears.
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