Philosophy

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Human values are the principles, convictions and internal beliefs that people adopt and follow in their daily activities. Professional ethics are built on the principles of human values.

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  • What Is the Meaning of the Quote, "I Think, Therefore I Am"?

    Q: What Is the Meaning of the Quote, "I Think, Therefore I Am"?

    A: The phrase “I think, therefore I am” means that thinking is the one thing that cannot be faked. It is the one way that individuals know they exist.
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  • What Was Socrates' Main Idea About Philosophy?

    Q: What Was Socrates' Main Idea About Philosophy?

    A: Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught. To him, life was about internal examination and focus. He eschewed the idea of focusing on the material.
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  • What Are the Four Goals of Progressivism?

    Q: What Are the Four Goals of Progressivism?

    A: The four goals of Progressivism are to protect social welfare, encourage productiveness, uphold moral values and generate economic reform. The Progressive movement intended to accomplish these goals by eliminating differences among citizens.
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  • What Does "the Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living" Mean?

    Q: What Does "the Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living" Mean?

    A: "The unexamined life" refers to a life lived by rote under the rules of others without the subject ever examining whether or not he truly wants to live with those routines or rules. According to Socrates, this type of life was not worth living. Rather than living an unexamined life, Socrates chose death, and these words are attributed to the philosopher during one of his last speeches before his suicide.
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  • Why Is Dignity Important?

    Q: Why Is Dignity Important?

    A: Dignity is important because it allows individuals and groups to feel respected, valued and connected with others around them. Dignity and respect are considered basic human rights, and both help people feel a sense of worthiness and importance. Dignity involves a mutual effort among people to listen, understand opinions and values and include one another in conversations.
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  • What Did Socrates Contribute to Philosophy?

    Q: What Did Socrates Contribute to Philosophy?

    A: Socrates contributed to philosophy by creating what is known as the fundamentals of Western philosophy. He invented the teaching practice of pedagogy, the Socratic method and contributed to the fields of ethics, epistemology and logic.
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  • What Did Diderot Believe?

    Q: What Did Diderot Believe?

    A: Denis Diderot, an important figure in the 18th-century French Encyclopedist movement, believed in the Enlightenment ideals of rationality and human progress, according to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; these beliefs are apparent in his work on the Encyclopedie. Diderot was also a political radical, and he openly expressed atheism in many of his essays and other literary work.
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  • What Is Religious Tolerance?

    Q: What Is Religious Tolerance?

    A: Religious tolerance assumes that a person does not discriminate against another person's religious beliefs, even if they think that the person's beliefs as wrong. Religious tolerance differs from religious acceptance.
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  • What Did Robert Hooke Do?

    Q: What Did Robert Hooke Do?

    A: Robert Hooke was one of the great encyclopedic polymaths of 17th-century science. As a founding member of the Royal Society, Hooke made foundational contributions to the fields of astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering and architecture. His work with springs led to the articulation of what became known as "Hooke's Law," which describes the principles of elasticity
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  • How Do We Use Science in Everyday Life?

    Q: How Do We Use Science in Everyday Life?

    A: Science and the variety of innovations it has spawned are used in everyday life on a regular basis. Without science, society would suffer fundamentally in several different areas. There would be no electricity and no plastic, and modern agricultural would be fundamentally crippled. Additionally, the medical community benefits greatly from the use of science and research. Many pharmaceutical companies develop their products with the aid of the scientific method.
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  • According to John Locke, What Is the Purpose of Government?

    Q: According to John Locke, What Is the Purpose of Government?

    A: John Locke believed that the purpose of the government was to help all people achieve equal natural rights, and that the government was obliged to protect and defend its citizens. Locke rejected the belief that some people were born to divinely rule over others simply because they belonged to a higher class. Locke firmly believed that even a monarchy should only reign with the consent of the people. His wayward, radical beliefs at the time made him a target for British monarchs that believed average citizens should stay in their place and out of government activities.
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  • What Are the Major Contributions of Emile Durkheim?

    Q: What Are the Major Contributions of Emile Durkheim?

    A: Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist whose major contribution was establishing sociology as a major science. Along with Max Weber and Karl Marx, Durkheim is responsible for establishing social science and social psychology as an academic discipline within the college setting. He is considered the father of social science.
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  • What Is Liberal Humanism?

    Q: What Is Liberal Humanism?

    A: Liberal humanism is a philosophical stance that highlights the agency and value of human beings, both individually and collectively. Liberal humanists prefer rationalism and evidence rather than religious faith or established doctrines.
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  • What Is the Heliocentric Theory?

    Q: What Is the Heliocentric Theory?

    A: Heliocentric theory is a model of the solar system that posits a central place for the Sun, with the planets orbiting it. It is most closely associated with the 16th-century work of Copernicus and the 17th-century work of Galileo, and the theory was widely adopted after Copernicus' death. Heliocentric theory replaced the older geocentric theory, which held that the Sun and other bodies orbit the Earth.
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  • What Does "trust Thyself" Mean?

    Q: What Does "trust Thyself" Mean?

    A: "Trust thyself" refers to the self-motivational mindset that tells a person to listen to their instincts, mind and heart. Ralph Waldo Emerson said in "Essays," "Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string." This quote speaks to trusting one's own feelings and avoiding conformity, because choosing conformity sacrifices independence.
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  • What Did Plato Think About Human Nature?

    Q: What Did Plato Think About Human Nature?

    A: Plato viewed human beings as inherently rational, social souls burdened by imprisonment within their physical bodies. The soul disposition of an individual soul, fixed for eternity, determines the type of human the individual will be in life. The human body, limited and constantly responding to need, is an obstacle to the soul's full realization.
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  • Why Is Unity Important ?

    Q: Why Is Unity Important ?

    A: Unity is important because when a team comes together, they can succeed together. Bestselling author and keynote speaker Jon Gordon says that unity is key and that it's essential to get everyone on a team moving in the right direction.
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  • What Was the Philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    Q: What Was the Philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    A: The philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau encompassed an array of theories relating to political philosophy and moral psychology, particularly as they concerned human freedom. His philosophy idealized humans in a state of nature uncorrupted by society and with complete physical freedom. Recognizing a return to the natural state as impossible in modern society, Rousseau conducted philosophical explorations to identify ways to be as free as possible within given constraints.
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  • Why Is Independence Important?

    Q: Why Is Independence Important?

    A: Independence is fundamental for success, boosts confidence, reduces over-reliance on others, promotes happiness, increases sense of accomplishment and promotes better decision-making. Independence is important for organisms to function effectively in the world.
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  • What Is the Difference Between Morality and Ethics?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between Morality and Ethics?

    A: Morality is understanding the distinction between right and wrong and living according to that understanding, and ethics is the philosophy of how that morality guides individual and group behavior. The two are closely related, with morality being the foundation of ethics.
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  • Who Is the Father of Modern Philosophy?

    Q: Who Is the Father of Modern Philosophy?

    A: René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician, is generally regarded as the father of modern philosophy for establishing a beginning point for human existence, states Biography.com. His famous line, "I think; therefore I am" implied that being human requires a distinct core apart from all other matter in the universe and the ability to evaluate situations and concepts mentally.
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