Philosophy

A:

In an article on the website of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Dr. David Resnik explains that the study of ethics is important because it sets the code for normative behavior in any profession. He also explains that ethics keep researchers and other professionals accountable to the public and focused on achieving the good of society as a whole.

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  • What Did Robert Hooke Do?

    Q: What Did Robert Hooke Do?

    A: Robert Hooke was one of the great encyclopedic polymaths of 17th-century science. As a founding member of the Royal Society, Hooke made foundational contributions to the fields of astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering and architecture. His work with springs led to the articulation of what became known as "Hooke's Law," which describes the principles of elasticity
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  • What Are Quantitative Observations?

    Q: What Are Quantitative Observations?

    A: Quantitative observation, also called quantitative data, includes information that includes numbers, measurements and statistics. Quantitative data serves as a tool to measure data in many areas, including algebra in mathematics. Quantitative data complements the use of qualitative data, which uses descriptions, adjectives and linguistic elements to describe objects and images.
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  • What Is Religious Tolerance?

    Q: What Is Religious Tolerance?

    A: Religious tolerance assumes that a person does not discriminate against another person's religious beliefs, even if they think that the person's beliefs as wrong. Religious tolerance differs from religious acceptance.
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  • What Are the Main Branches of Philosophy?

    Q: What Are the Main Branches of Philosophy?

    A: The main branches of philosophy include axiology, epistemology, metaphysics and logic. There are also various subdivisions within the three branches, such as ethics and aesthetics.
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  • ????_??What Is the Difference Between Morality and Ethics?

    Q: ????_??What Is the Difference Between Morality and Ethics?

    A: Morality and ethics are closely linked and often used interchangeably. Morals are personal convictions of right and wrong; ethics are standards of good and bad widely accepted socially, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica.
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  • What Are Plato's Four Cardinal Virtues?

    Q: What Are Plato's Four Cardinal Virtues?

    A: Plato's four cardinal virtues are prudence, justice, temperance and courage. These virtues are also often translated as wisdom, fairness, restraint (also called moderation) and fortitude.
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  • What Are the Four Goals of Progressivism?

    Q: What Are the Four Goals of Progressivism?

    A: The four goals of Progressivism are to protect social welfare, encourage productiveness, uphold moral values, and generate economic reform. The Progressive movement intended to accomplish these goals by eliminating differences among citizens.
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  • Who Is the Father of Modern Philosophy?

    Q: Who Is the Father of Modern Philosophy?

    A: René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician, is generally regarded as the father of modern philosophy for establishing a beginning point for human existence, states Biography.com. His famous line, "I think; therefore I am" implied that being human requires a distinct core apart from all other matter in the universe and the ability to evaluate situations and concepts mentally.
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  • What Was the Contribution of Robert Hooke?

    Q: What Was the Contribution of Robert Hooke?

    A: Robert Hooke developed the law of elasticity, known as Hooke's Law, which states that stress is directly proportional to strain. He is also the originator of the word "cell" in biology.
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  • What Were the Main Teachings of John Calvin?

    Q: What Were the Main Teachings of John Calvin?

    A: John Calvin's teachings centered around the complete sovereignty of God's will, which controlled everything in the universe all the time, and the scriptures, which were self-authenticating. He emphasized the hopeless total depravity of humans inherited via original sin from Adam. Regardless of any good or evil outcomes stemming from people's actions, the result was always God's will. To Calvin, salvation from hell was unobtainable by choice or faith, instituting predestination.
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  • Why Is Dignity Important?

    Q: Why Is Dignity Important?

    A: Dignity is important because it allows individuals and groups to feel respected, valued and connected with others around them. Dignity and respect are considered basic human rights, and both help people feel a sense of worthiness and importance. Dignity involves a mutual effort among people to listen, understand opinions and values and include one another in conversations.
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  • What Was Socrates' Main Idea About Philosophy?

    Q: What Was Socrates' Main Idea About Philosophy?

    A: Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught. To him, life was about internal examination and focus. He eschewed the idea of focusing on the material.
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  • What Are the Major Contributions of Emile Durkheim?

    Q: What Are the Major Contributions of Emile Durkheim?

    A: Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist whose major contribution was establishing sociology as a major science. Along with Max Weber and Karl Marx, Durkheim is responsible for establishing social science and social psychology as an academic discipline within the college setting. He is considered the father of social science.
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  • What Does "trust Thyself" Mean?

    Q: What Does "trust Thyself" Mean?

    A: "Trust thyself" refers to the self-motivational mindset that tells a person to listen to their instincts, mind and heart. Ralph Waldo Emerson said in "Essays," "Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string." This quote speaks to trusting one's own feelings and avoiding conformity, because choosing conformity sacrifices independence.
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  • What Was the Philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    Q: What Was the Philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    A: The philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau encompassed an array of theories relating to political philosophy and moral psychology, particularly as they concerned human freedom. His philosophy idealized humans in a state of nature uncorrupted by society and with complete physical freedom. Recognizing a return to the natural state as impossible in modern society, Rousseau conducted philosophical explorations to identify ways to be as free as possible within given constraints.
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  • What Is Liberal Humanism?

    Q: What Is Liberal Humanism?

    A: Liberal humanism is a philosophical stance that highlights the agency and value of human beings, both individually and collectively. Liberal humanists prefer rationalism and evidence rather than religious faith or established doctrines.
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  • What Did Plato Think About Human Nature?

    Q: What Did Plato Think About Human Nature?

    A: Plato viewed human beings as inherently rational, social souls burdened by imprisonment within their physical bodies. The soul disposition of an individual soul, fixed for eternity, determines the type of human the individual will be in life. The human body, limited and constantly responding to need, is an obstacle to the soul's full realization.
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  • How Do We Use Science in Everyday Life?

    Q: How Do We Use Science in Everyday Life?

    A: Science and the variety of innovations it has spawned are used in everyday life on a regular basis. Without science, society would suffer fundamentally in several different areas. There would be no electricity and no plastic, and modern agricultural would be fundamentally crippled. Additionally, the medical community benefits greatly from the use of science and research. Many pharmaceutical companies develop their products with the aid of the scientific method.
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  • What Is Holistic Thinking?

    Q: What Is Holistic Thinking?

    A: The term "holistic thinking" refers to a big picture mentality in which a person recognizes the interconnectedness of various elements that form larger systems, patterns and objects. Thinking holistically is the opposite of analyzing something, which involves breaking down a larger system into its details.
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  • What Is the Heliocentric Theory?

    Q: What Is the Heliocentric Theory?

    A: Heliocentric theory is a model of the solar system that posits a central place for the Sun, with the planets orbiting it. It is most closely associated with the 16th-century work of Copernicus and the 17th-century work of Galileo, and the theory was widely adopted after Copernicus' death. Heliocentric theory replaced the older geocentric theory, which held that the Sun and other bodies orbit the Earth.
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  • What Is the Major Contribution of Plato?

    Q: What Is the Major Contribution of Plato?

    A: The Republic, a philosophical work produced in 380 BCE and still discussed in modern curriculum, is one of the more commonly known contributions of Plato. The Republic addresses justice and politics. Another contribution of Plato is The Academy, an institution at which students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics.
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