Philosophy

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The term "holistic thinking" refers to a big picture mentality in which a person recognizes the interconnectedness of various elements that form larger systems, patterns and objects. Thinking holistically is the opposite of analyzing something, which involves breaking down a larger system into its details.

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  • What is the heliocentric theory?

    Q: What is the heliocentric theory?

    A: Heliocentric theory is a model of the solar system that posits a central place for the Sun, with the planets orbiting it. It is most closely associated with the 16th-century work of Copernicus and the 17th-century work of Galileo, and the theory was widely adopted after Copernicus' death. Heliocentric theory replaced the older geocentric theory, which held that the Sun and other bodies orbit the Earth.
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  • What did Chinese immigrants contribute to America?

    Q: What did Chinese immigrants contribute to America?

    A: The construction of the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, as well as subsequent western railroads in the late 1800s, relied mostly on Chinese immigrants. They comprised more than 90 percent of the total labor force. During this era, Chinese immigrants, mostly men, took on jobs as launderers, cooks and child-care providers in newly established frontier communities and made hefty contributions to business and agricultural sectors in the West.
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  • What was Socrates' main idea about philosophy?

    Q: What was Socrates' main idea about philosophy?

    A: Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught. To him, life was about internal examination and focus. He eschewed the idea of focusing on the material.
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  • What is the difference between morality and ethics?

    Q: What is the difference between morality and ethics?

    A: Morality is understanding the distinction between right and wrong and living according to that understanding, and ethics is the philosophy of how that morality guides individual and group behavior. The two are closely related, with morality being the foundation of ethics.
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  • According to John Locke, what is the purpose of government?

    Q: According to John Locke, what is the purpose of government?

    A: John Locke believed that the purpose of the government was to help all people achieve equal natural rights, and that the government was obliged to protect and defend its citizens. Locke rejected the belief that some people were born to divinely rule over others simply because they belonged to a higher class. Locke firmly believed that even a monarchy should only reign with the consent of the people. His wayward, radical beliefs at the time made him a target for British monarchs that believed average citizens should stay in their place and out of government activities.
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  • What did Plato think about human nature?

    Q: What did Plato think about human nature?

    A: Plato viewed human beings as inherently rational, social souls burdened by imprisonment within their physical bodies. The soul disposition of an individual soul, fixed for eternity, determines the type of human the individual will be in life. The human body, limited and constantly responding to need, is an obstacle to the soul's full realization.
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  • What does "trust thyself" mean?

    Q: What does "trust thyself" mean?

    A: "Trust thyself" refers to the self-motivational mindset that tells a person to listen to their instincts, mind and heart. Ralph Waldo Emerson said in "Essays," "Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string." This quote speaks to trusting one's own feelings and avoiding conformity, because choosing conformity sacrifices independence.
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  • What is the definition of "dualistic thinking"?

    Q: What is the definition of "dualistic thinking"?

    A: Dualistic thinking, according to William Perry's model of intellectual development, is the intellectual ability to understand good and evil but not the nuances inbetween. He believed it was the base level of intellectual development that most college freshmen possessed.
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  • What are quantitative observations?

    Q: What are quantitative observations?

    A: Quantitative observation, also called quantitative data, includes information that includes numbers, measurements and statistics. Quantitative data serves as a tool to measure data in many areas, including algebra in mathematics. Quantitative data complements the use of qualitative data, which uses descriptions, adjectives and linguistic elements to describe objects and images.
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  • What does "the unexamined life is not worth living" mean?

    Q: What does "the unexamined life is not worth living" mean?

    A: "The unexamined life" refers to a life lived by rote under the rules of others without the subject ever examining whether or not he truly wants to live with those routines or rules. According to Socrates, this type of life was not worth living. Rather than living an unexamined life, Socrates chose death, and these words are attributed to the philosopher during one of his last speeches before his suicide.
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  • How do we use science in everyday life?

    Q: How do we use science in everyday life?

    A: Science and the variety of innovations it has spawned are used in everyday life on a regular basis. Without science, society would suffer fundamentally in several different areas. There would be no electricity and no plastic, and modern agricultural would be fundamentally crippled. Additionally, the medical community benefits greatly from the use of science and research. Many pharmaceutical companies develop their products with the aid of the scientific method.
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  • What are Plato's four cardinal virtues?

    Q: What are Plato's four cardinal virtues?

    A: Plato's four cardinal virtues are prudence, justice, temperance and courage. These virtues are also often translated as wisdom, fairness, restraint (also called moderation) and fortitude.
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  • What is the major contribution of Plato?

    Q: What is the major contribution of Plato?

    A: The Republic, a philosophical work produced in 380 BCE and still discussed in modern curriculum, is one of the more commonly known contributions of Plato. The Republic addresses justice and politics. Another contribution of Plato is The Academy, an institution at which students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics.
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  • What is liberal humanism?

    Q: What is liberal humanism?

    A: Liberal humanism is a philosophical stance that highlights the agency and value of human beings, both individually and collectively. Liberal humanists prefer rationalism and evidence rather than religious faith or established doctrines.
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  • What is the meaning of the quote, "I think, therefore I am"?

    Q: What is the meaning of the quote, "I think, therefore I am"?

    A: The phrase “I think, therefore I am” means that thinking is the one thing that cannot be faked. It is the one way that individuals know they exist.
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  • What did Diderot believe?

    Q: What did Diderot believe?

    A: Denis Diderot, an important figure in the 18th-century French Encyclopedist movement, believed in the Enlightenment ideals of rationality and human progress, according to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; these beliefs are apparent in his work on the Encyclopedie. Diderot was also a political radical, and he openly expressed atheism in many of his essays and other literary work.
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  • What was the contribution of Robert Hooke?

    Q: What was the contribution of Robert Hooke?

    A: Robert Hooke developed the law of elasticity, known as Hooke's Law, which states that stress is directly proportional to strain. He is also the originator of the word "cell" in biology.
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  • Why is it important to pay attention to detail?

    Q: Why is it important to pay attention to detail?

    A: Paying attention to details is important for avoiding errors, maintaining efficiency, preventing injuries, making a good impression and analyzing information. Professionals who are detail-oriented have an advantage in a variety of career fields, including engineering, technology, medicine, science, law, research, accounting and banking.
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  • What was the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    Q: What was the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    A: The philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau encompassed an array of theories relating to political philosophy and moral psychology, particularly as they concerned human freedom. His philosophy idealized humans in a state of nature uncorrupted by society and with complete physical freedom. Recognizing a return to the natural state as impossible in modern society, Rousseau conducted philosophical explorations to identify ways to be as free as possible within given constraints.
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  • What are the major contributions of emile Durkheim?

    Q: What are the major contributions of emile Durkheim?

    A: Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist whose major contribution was establishing sociology as a major science. Along with Max Weber and Karl Marx, Durkheim is responsible for establishing social science and social psychology as an academic discipline within the college setting. He is considered the father of social science.
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  • What were the main teachings of John Calvin?

    Q: What were the main teachings of John Calvin?

    A: John Calvin's teachings centered around the complete sovereignty of God's will, which controlled everything in the universe all the time, and the scriptures, which were self-authenticating. He emphasized the hopeless total depravity of humans inherited via original sin from Adam. Regardless of any good or evil outcomes stemming from people's actions, the result was always God's will. To Calvin, salvation from hell was unobtainable by choice or faith, instituting predestination.
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