Philosophy

A:

The phrase “I think, therefore I am” means that thinking is the one thing that cannot be faked. It is the one way that individuals know they exist.

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  • What did Robert Hooke do?

    Q: What did Robert Hooke do?

    A: Robert Hooke was one of the great encyclopedic polymaths of 17th-century science. As a founding member of the Royal Society, Hooke made foundational contributions to the fields of astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering and architecture. His work with springs led to the articulation of what became known as "Hooke's Law," which describes the principles of elasticity
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  • What is liberal humanism?

    Q: What is liberal humanism?

    A: Liberal humanism is a philosophical stance that highlights the agency and value of human beings, both individually and collectively. Liberal humanists prefer rationalism and evidence rather than religious faith or established doctrines.
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  • What did Diderot believe?

    Q: What did Diderot believe?

    A: Denis Diderot, an important figure in the 18th-century French Encyclopedist movement, believed in the Enlightenment ideals of rationality and human progress, according to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; these beliefs are apparent in his work on the Encyclopedie. Diderot was also a political radical, and he openly expressed atheism in many of his essays and other literary work.
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  • How do we use science in everyday life?

    Q: How do we use science in everyday life?

    A: Science and the variety of innovations it has spawned are used in everyday life on a regular basis. Without science, society would suffer fundamentally in several different areas. There would be no electricity and no plastic, and modern agricultural would be fundamentally crippled. Additionally, the medical community benefits greatly from the use of science and research. Many pharmaceutical companies develop their products with the aid of the scientific method.
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  • What are Plato's four cardinal virtues?

    Q: What are Plato's four cardinal virtues?

    A: Plato's four cardinal virtues are prudence, justice, temperance and courage. These virtues are also often translated as wisdom, fairness, restraint (also called moderation) and fortitude.
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  • What is holistic thinking?

    Q: What is holistic thinking?

    A: The term "holistic thinking" refers to a big picture mentality in which a person recognizes the interconnectedness of various elements that form larger systems, patterns and objects. Thinking holistically is the opposite of analyzing something, which involves breaking down a larger system into its details.
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  • According to John Locke, what is the purpose of government?

    Q: According to John Locke, what is the purpose of government?

    A: John Locke believed that the purpose of the government was to help all people achieve equal natural rights, and that the government was obliged to protect and defend its citizens. Locke rejected the belief that some people were born to divinely rule over others simply because they belonged to a higher class. Locke firmly believed that even a monarchy should only reign with the consent of the people. His wayward, radical beliefs at the time made him a target for British monarchs that believed average citizens should stay in their place and out of government activities.
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  • What did Chinese immigrants contribute to America?

    Q: What did Chinese immigrants contribute to America?

    A: The construction of the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, as well as subsequent western railroads in the late 1800s, relied mostly on Chinese immigrants. They comprised more than 90 percent of the total labor force. During this era, Chinese immigrants, mostly men, took on jobs as launderers, cooks and child-care providers in newly established frontier communities and made hefty contributions to business and agricultural sectors in the West.
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  • What does "the unexamined life is not worth living" mean?

    Q: What does "the unexamined life is not worth living" mean?

    A: "The unexamined life" refers to a life lived by rote under the rules of others without the subject ever examining whether or not he truly wants to live with those routines or rules. According to Socrates, this type of life was not worth living. Rather than living an unexamined life, Socrates chose death, and these words are attributed to the philosopher during one of his last speeches before his suicide.
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  • What is the definition of "dualistic thinking"?

    Q: What is the definition of "dualistic thinking"?

    A: Dualistic thinking, according to William Perry's model of intellectual development, is the intellectual ability to understand good and evil but not the nuances inbetween. He believed it was the base level of intellectual development that most college freshmen possessed.
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  • What is the heliocentric theory?

    Q: What is the heliocentric theory?

    A: Heliocentric theory is a model of the solar system that posits a central place for the Sun, with the planets orbiting it. It is most closely associated with the 16th-century work of Copernicus and the 17th-century work of Galileo, and the theory was widely adopted after Copernicus' death. Heliocentric theory replaced the older geocentric theory, which held that the Sun and other bodies orbit the Earth.
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  • What are the four goals of Progressivism?

    Q: What are the four goals of Progressivism?

    A: The four goals of Progressivism are to protect social welfare, encourage productiveness, uphold moral values and generate economic reform. The Progressive movement intended to accomplish these goals by eliminating differences among citizens.
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  • What did Socrates contribute to philosophy?

    Q: What did Socrates contribute to philosophy?

    A: Socrates contributed to philosophy by creating what is known as the fundamentals of Western philosophy. He invented the teaching practice of pedagogy, the Socratic method and contributed to the fields of ethics, epistemology and logic.
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  • What is meant by Weber's iron cage of rationality?

    Q: What is meant by Weber's iron cage of rationality?

    A: Max Weber used the term "iron cage of rationality" to describe what he viewed as a trend in society to move towards a form of bureaucratic rationality that would not realize universal freedom, but rather create an "iron cage" from which there would be no escape. The cause of this trend, Weber believed, stemmed from the expectations and hopes of the Enlightenment thinkers who felt that it was necessary to maintain a strong linkage between the growth of rationality, science and human freedom. Weber saw this as an ironic, bitter illusion.
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  • What is the meaning of the quote, "I think, therefore I am"?

    Q: What is the meaning of the quote, "I think, therefore I am"?

    A: The phrase “I think, therefore I am” means that thinking is the one thing that cannot be faked. It is the one way that individuals know they exist.
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  • Who is the father of modern philosophy?

    Q: Who is the father of modern philosophy?

    A: René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician, is generally regarded as the father of modern philosophy for establishing a beginning point for human existence, states Biography.com. His famous line, "I think; therefore I am" implied that being human requires a distinct core apart from all other matter in the universe and the ability to evaluate situations and concepts mentally.
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  • Why is independence important?

    Q: Why is independence important?

    A: Independence is fundamental for success, boosts confidence, reduces over-reliance on others, promotes happiness, increases sense of accomplishment and promotes better decision-making. Independence is important for organisms to function effectively in the world.
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  • What did Plato think about human nature?

    Q: What did Plato think about human nature?

    A: Plato viewed human beings as inherently rational, social souls burdened by imprisonment within their physical bodies. The soul disposition of an individual soul, fixed for eternity, determines the type of human the individual will be in life. The human body, limited and constantly responding to need, is an obstacle to the soul's full realization.
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  • Why is it important to pay attention to detail?

    Q: Why is it important to pay attention to detail?

    A: Paying attention to details is important for avoiding errors, maintaining efficiency, preventing injuries, making a good impression and analyzing information. Professionals who are detail-oriented have an advantage in a variety of career fields, including engineering, technology, medicine, science, law, research, accounting and banking.
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  • What are the major contributions of emile Durkheim?

    Q: What are the major contributions of emile Durkheim?

    A: Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist whose major contribution was establishing sociology as a major science. Along with Max Weber and Karl Marx, Durkheim is responsible for establishing social science and social psychology as an academic discipline within the college setting. He is considered the father of social science.
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  • What was Socrates' main idea about philosophy?

    Q: What was Socrates' main idea about philosophy?

    A: Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught. To him, life was about internal examination and focus. He eschewed the idea of focusing on the material.
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