Philosophy

A:

The phrase “I think, therefore I am” means that thinking is the one thing that cannot be faked. It is the one way that individuals know they exist.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What are quantitative observations?

    Q: What are quantitative observations?

    A: Quantitative observation, also called quantitative data, includes information that includes numbers, measurements and statistics. Quantitative data serves as a tool to measure data in many areas, including algebra in mathematics. Quantitative data complements the use of qualitative data, which uses descriptions, adjectives and linguistic elements to describe objects and images.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the major contributions of emile Durkheim?

    Q: What are the major contributions of emile Durkheim?

    A: Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist whose major contribution was establishing sociology as a major science. Along with Max Weber and Karl Marx, Durkheim is responsible for establishing social science and social psychology as an academic discipline within the college setting. He is considered the father of social science.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the heliocentric theory?

    Q: What is the heliocentric theory?

    A: Heliocentric theory is a model of the solar system that posits a central place for the Sun, with the planets orbiting it. It is most closely associated with the 16th-century work of Copernicus and the 17th-century work of Galileo, and the theory was widely adopted after Copernicus' death. Heliocentric theory replaced the older geocentric theory, which held that the Sun and other bodies orbit the Earth.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the difference between morality and ethics?

    Q: What is the difference between morality and ethics?

    A: Morality is understanding the distinction between right and wrong and living according to that understanding, and ethics is the philosophy of how that morality guides individual and group behavior. The two are closely related, with morality being the foundation of ethics.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is religious tolerance?

    Q: What is religious tolerance?

    A: Religious tolerance assumes that a person does not discriminate against another person's religious beliefs, even if they think that the person's beliefs as wrong. Religious tolerance differs from religious acceptance.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do we use science in everyday life?

    Q: How do we use science in everyday life?

    A: Science and the variety of innovations it has spawned are used in everyday life on a regular basis. Without science, society would suffer fundamentally in several different areas. There would be no electricity and no plastic, and modern agricultural would be fundamentally crippled. Additionally, the medical community benefits greatly from the use of science and research. Many pharmaceutical companies develop their products with the aid of the scientific method.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was Socrates' main idea about philosophy?

    Q: What was Socrates' main idea about philosophy?

    A: Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught. To him, life was about internal examination and focus. He eschewed the idea of focusing on the material.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did Plato think about human nature?

    Q: What did Plato think about human nature?

    A: Plato viewed human beings as inherently rational, social souls burdened by imprisonment within their physical bodies. The soul disposition of an individual soul, fixed for eternity, determines the type of human the individual will be in life. The human body, limited and constantly responding to need, is an obstacle to the soul's full realization.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the meaning of the quote, "I think, therefore I am"?

    Q: What is the meaning of the quote, "I think, therefore I am"?

    A: The phrase “I think, therefore I am” means that thinking is the one thing that cannot be faked. It is the one way that individuals know they exist.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What does "the unexamined life is not worth living" mean?

    Q: What does "the unexamined life is not worth living" mean?

    A: "The unexamined life" refers to a life lived by rote under the rules of others without the subject ever examining whether or not he truly wants to live with those routines or rules. According to Socrates, this type of life was not worth living. Rather than living an unexamined life, Socrates chose death, and these words are attributed to the philosopher during one of his last speeches before his suicide.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is dignity important?

    Q: Why is dignity important?

    A: Dignity is important because it allows individuals and groups to feel respected, valued and connected with others around them. Dignity and respect are considered basic human rights, and both help people feel a sense of worthiness and importance. Dignity involves a mutual effort among people to listen, understand opinions and values and include one another in conversations.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did Robert Hooke do?

    Q: What did Robert Hooke do?

    A: Robert Hooke was one of the great encyclopedic polymaths of 17th-century science. As a founding member of the Royal Society, Hooke made foundational contributions to the fields of astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering and architecture. His work with springs led to the articulation of what became known as "Hooke's Law," which describes the principles of elasticity
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who is the father of modern philosophy?

    Q: Who is the father of modern philosophy?

    A: René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician, is generally regarded as the father of modern philosophy for establishing a beginning point for human existence, states Biography.com. His famous line, "I think; therefore I am" implied that being human requires a distinct core apart from all other matter in the universe and the ability to evaluate situations and concepts mentally.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the definition of "dualistic thinking"?

    Q: What is the definition of "dualistic thinking"?

    A: Dualistic thinking, according to William Perry's model of intellectual development, is the intellectual ability to understand good and evil but not the nuances inbetween. He believed it was the base level of intellectual development that most college freshmen possessed.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are Plato's four cardinal virtues?

    Q: What are Plato's four cardinal virtues?

    A: Plato's four cardinal virtues are prudence, justice, temperance and courage. These virtues are also often translated as wisdom, fairness, restraint (also called moderation) and fortitude.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What were the main teachings of John Calvin?

    Q: What were the main teachings of John Calvin?

    A: John Calvin's teachings centered around the complete sovereignty of God's will, which controlled everything in the universe all the time, and the scriptures, which were self-authenticating. He emphasized the hopeless total depravity of humans inherited via original sin from Adam. Regardless of any good or evil outcomes stemming from people's actions, the result was always God's will. To Calvin, salvation from hell was unobtainable by choice or faith, instituting predestination.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is unity important ?

    Q: Why is unity important ?

    A: Unity is important because when a team comes together, they can succeed together. Bestselling author and keynote speaker Jon Gordon says that unity is key and that it's essential to get everyone on a team moving in the right direction.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did Chinese immigrants contribute to America?

    Q: What did Chinese immigrants contribute to America?

    A: The construction of the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, as well as subsequent western railroads in the late 1800s, relied mostly on Chinese immigrants. They comprised more than 90 percent of the total labor force. During this era, Chinese immigrants, mostly men, took on jobs as launderers, cooks and child-care providers in newly established frontier communities and made hefty contributions to business and agricultural sectors in the West.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the main branches of philosophy?

    Q: What are the main branches of philosophy?

    A: The main branches of philosophy include axiology, epistemology, metaphysics and logic. There are also various subdivisions within the three branches, such as ethics and aesthetics.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    Q: What was the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    A: The philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau encompassed an array of theories relating to political philosophy and moral psychology, particularly as they concerned human freedom. His philosophy idealized humans in a state of nature uncorrupted by society and with complete physical freedom. Recognizing a return to the natural state as impossible in modern society, Rousseau conducted philosophical explorations to identify ways to be as free as possible within given constraints.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • According to John Locke, what is the purpose of government?

    Q: According to John Locke, what is the purpose of government?

    A: John Locke believed that the purpose of the government was to help all people achieve equal natural rights, and that the government was obliged to protect and defend its citizens. Locke rejected the belief that some people were born to divinely rule over others simply because they belonged to a higher class. Locke firmly believed that even a monarchy should only reign with the consent of the people. His wayward, radical beliefs at the time made him a target for British monarchs that believed average citizens should stay in their place and out of government activities.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: