Philosophy

A:

An ethical issue brings systems of morality and principles into conflict. Unlike most conflicts that can be disputed with facts and objective truths, ethical issues are more subjective and open to opinions and interpretation.

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  • What is the heliocentric theory?

    Q: What is the heliocentric theory?

    A: Heliocentric theory is a model of the solar system that posits a central place for the Sun, with the planets orbiting it. It is most closely associated with the 16th-century work of Copernicus and the 17th-century work of Galileo, and the theory was widely adopted after Copernicus' death. Heliocentric theory replaced the older geocentric theory, which held that the Sun and other bodies orbit the Earth.
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  • What was Socrates' main idea about philosophy?

    Q: What was Socrates' main idea about philosophy?

    A: Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught. To him, life was about internal examination and focus. He eschewed the idea of focusing on the material.
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  • What was the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    Q: What was the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    A: The philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau encompassed an array of theories relating to political philosophy and moral psychology, particularly as they concerned human freedom. His philosophy idealized humans in a state of nature uncorrupted by society and with complete physical freedom. Recognizing a return to the natural state as impossible in modern society, Rousseau conducted philosophical explorations to identify ways to be as free as possible within given constraints.
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  • What did Diderot believe?

    Q: What did Diderot believe?

    A: Denis Diderot, an important figure in the 18th-century French Encyclopedist movement, believed in the Enlightenment ideals of rationality and human progress, according to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; these beliefs are apparent in his work on the Encyclopedie. Diderot was also a political radical, and he openly expressed atheism in many of his essays and other literary work.
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  • What does "trust thyself" mean?

    Q: What does "trust thyself" mean?

    A: "Trust thyself" refers to the self-motivational mindset that tells a person to listen to their instincts, mind and heart. Ralph Waldo Emerson said in "Essays," "Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string." This quote speaks to trusting one's own feelings and avoiding conformity, because choosing conformity sacrifices independence.
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  • Why is it important to pay attention to detail?

    Q: Why is it important to pay attention to detail?

    A: Paying attention to details is important for avoiding errors, maintaining efficiency, preventing injuries, making a good impression and analyzing information. Professionals who are detail-oriented have an advantage in a variety of career fields, including engineering, technology, medicine, science, law, research, accounting and banking.
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  • What is the major contribution of Plato?

    Q: What is the major contribution of Plato?

    A: The Republic, a philosophical work produced in 380 BCE and still discussed in modern curriculum, is one of the more commonly known contributions of Plato. The Republic addresses justice and politics. Another contribution of Plato is The Academy, an institution at which students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics.
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  • What did Chinese immigrants contribute to America?

    Q: What did Chinese immigrants contribute to America?

    A: The construction of the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, as well as subsequent western railroads in the late 1800s, relied mostly on Chinese immigrants. They comprised more than 90 percent of the total labor force. During this era, Chinese immigrants, mostly men, took on jobs as launderers, cooks and child-care providers in newly established frontier communities and made hefty contributions to business and agricultural sectors in the West.
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  • What are the four goals of Progressivism?

    Q: What are the four goals of Progressivism?

    A: The four goals of Progressivism are to protect social welfare, encourage productiveness, uphold moral values, and generate economic reform. The Progressive movement intended to accomplish these goals by eliminating differences among citizens.
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  • Why is dignity important?

    Q: Why is dignity important?

    A: Dignity is important because it allows individuals and groups to feel respected, valued and connected with others around them. Dignity and respect are considered basic human rights, and both help people feel a sense of worthiness and importance. Dignity involves a mutual effort among people to listen, understand opinions and values and include one another in conversations.
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  • How do we use science in everyday life?

    Q: How do we use science in everyday life?

    A: Science and the variety of innovations it has spawned are used in everyday life on a regular basis. Without science, society would suffer fundamentally in several different areas. There would be no electricity and no plastic, and modern agricultural would be fundamentally crippled. Additionally, the medical community benefits greatly from the use of science and research. Many pharmaceutical companies develop their products with the aid of the scientific method.
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  • What are the main branches of philosophy?

    Q: What are the main branches of philosophy?

    A: The main branches of philosophy include axiology, epistemology, metaphysics and logic. There are also various subdivisions within the three branches, such as ethics and aesthetics.
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  • What did Socrates contribute to philosophy?

    Q: What did Socrates contribute to philosophy?

    A: Socrates contributed to philosophy by creating what is known as the fundamentals of Western philosophy. He invented the teaching practice of pedagogy, the Socratic method and contributed to the fields of ethics, epistemology and logic.
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  • Why is independence important?

    Q: Why is independence important?

    A: Independence is fundamental for success, boosts confidence, reduces over-reliance on others, promotes happiness, increases sense of accomplishment and promotes better decision-making. Independence is important for organisms to function effectively in the world.
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  • What does "the unexamined life is not worth living" mean?

    Q: What does "the unexamined life is not worth living" mean?

    A: "The unexamined life" refers to a life lived by rote under the rules of others without the subject ever examining whether or not he truly wants to live with those routines or rules. According to Socrates, this type of life was not worth living. Rather than living an unexamined life, Socrates chose death, and these words are attributed to the philosopher during one of his last speeches before his suicide.
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  • What is religious tolerance?

    Q: What is religious tolerance?

    A: Religious tolerance assumes that a person does not discriminate against another person's religious beliefs, even if they think that the person's beliefs as wrong. Religious tolerance differs from religious acceptance.
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  • What is the meaning of the quote, "I think, therefore I am"?

    Q: What is the meaning of the quote, "I think, therefore I am"?

    A: The phrase “I think, therefore I am” means that thinking is the one thing that cannot be faked. It is the one way that individuals know they exist.
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  • What was the contribution of Robert Hooke?

    Q: What was the contribution of Robert Hooke?

    A: Robert Hooke developed the law of elasticity, known as Hooke's Law, which states that stress is directly proportional to strain. He is also the originator of the word "cell" in biology.
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  • What are Plato's four cardinal virtues?

    Q: What are Plato's four cardinal virtues?

    A: Plato's four cardinal virtues are prudence, justice, temperance and courage. These virtues are also often translated as wisdom, fairness, restraint (also called moderation) and fortitude.
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  • Why is unity important ?

    Q: Why is unity important ?

    A: Unity is important because when a team comes together, they can succeed together. Bestselling author and keynote speaker Jon Gordon says that unity is key and that it's essential to get everyone on a team moving in the right direction.
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  • What were the main teachings of John Calvin?

    Q: What were the main teachings of John Calvin?

    A: John Calvin's teachings centered around the complete sovereignty of God's will, which controlled everything in the universe all the time, and the scriptures, which were self-authenticating. He emphasized the hopeless total depravity of humans inherited via original sin from Adam. Regardless of any good or evil outcomes stemming from people's actions, the result was always God's will. To Calvin, salvation from hell was unobtainable by choice or faith, instituting predestination.
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