Judaism

A:

The primary holy book of the Jewish faith is known as the Torah, which comprises the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy; these are also the first five books of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, although "Old Testament" is not a term that followers of the Jewish faith typically apply to the Torah. The Torah can also be known as the Pentateuch, and it is accompanied by holy texts such as the Talmud, an authoritative book of biblical interpretations and Jewish oral traditions. According to Jewish religious tradition, God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.

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  • What are Jewish people not allowed to eat?

    Q: What are Jewish people not allowed to eat?

    A: Some foods that Jews are forbidden to eat include pig products, such as pork, bacon and ham, seafood that has neither fins nor scales, such as lobster, crab or scallops, and anything that flies in swarms, such as insects. The Jewish dietary laws are called kashrut.
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  • What are rituals and practices of Judaism?

    Q: What are rituals and practices of Judaism?

    A: The Jewish religion has many rituals and practices that begin at birth for boys and girls, with baby-naming ceremonies for girls and Brit Milahs for boys. Following initiation into the Jewish religion at birth, Jewish boys and girls then celebrate the passage into adulthood with Bar and Bat Mitzvahs. Later, marriages and divorces involve religious rituals to keep with centuries-old traditions.
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  • Is swordfish kosher?

    Q: Is swordfish kosher?

    A: A swordfish is not considered kosher food. The Torah says a fish must have fins and scales to be kosher. Only fish that have visible scales that can be easily removed are considered kosher, and swordfish do not meet this requirement.
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  • What does an anointing oil recipe contain?

    Q: What does an anointing oil recipe contain?

    A: One recipe for anointing oil combines ingredients referenced in Exodus of the Bible and includes quantities of olive oil, sugar, salt, allspice seeds, cloves and cinnamon sticks. An optional mixture combines frankincense, myrrh and pine oils of balsam. A citrus-based spiritually uplifting anointing oil is made from combining the oils of lemon, lime, sweet orange, dark myrrh and frankincense.
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  • What is the holy book of Judaism?

    Q: What is the holy book of Judaism?

    A: The primary holy book of the Jewish faith is known as the Torah, which comprises the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy; these are also the first five books of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, although "Old Testament" is not a term that followers of the Jewish faith typically apply to the Torah. The Torah can also be known as the Pentateuch, and it is accompanied by holy texts such as the Talmud, an authoritative book of biblical interpretations and Jewish oral traditions. According to Jewish religious tradition, God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.
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  • Why do mosques have domes?

    Q: Why do mosques have domes?

    A: Although most mosques feature domes, the dome is purely a decorative and traditional architectural structure with no symbolic or other spiritual meaning, according to About.com. Other mosque parts, such as the minaret, have more spiritual significance.
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  • Whom do the Jewish people worship?

    Q: Whom do the Jewish people worship?

    A: The Jewish people worship YHWH, the sacred name of God as revealed to the prophet Moses in the Torah. It is a combination of the past, present and future tense of the word "howa," which means "to be." The proper pronunciation, as agreed by most scholars, is "Yahweh."
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  • What does Shabba mean?

    Q: What does Shabba mean?

    A: Shabba is a term that is used as a nickname of sorts for the concept behind Shabbat, the Jewish day of rest in which an observant Jew cannot work. On Shabbat, the day of rest, Jewish people do more than just sleep in late as they have time to set aside to appreciate the wonders of the world and reflect on their path with God.
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  • Why is the Western Wall important to the Jews?

    Q: Why is the Western Wall important to the Jews?

    A: The Western Wall is important to modern Jews because it is the only remaining relic of the Second Temple, which was a sacred center of the Jewish religion in ancient times. The building was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D.
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  • What are characteristics of Judaism?

    Q: What are characteristics of Judaism?

    A: Judaism is a monotheistic faith, which means members believe in only one god. Judaism teaches that all humans were created in the image of God and that God intends to send a person to remedy the ills of the world. The Torah is the reference text of Judaism.
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  • Q: Where did Judaism begin?

    A: The geographical origins of the Jewish religion can be traced back to the Fertile Crescent, an area of land on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea that is situated between the Nile, Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This early period is one of the only times in history that a unified Jewish community lived in a single location.
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  • Q: What is a Jewish minyan?

    A: A minyan is a group of at least 10 Jewish men aged 13 and over that are needed for public worship. Sometimes minyan is used to describe any act of communal worship.
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  • Q: What are some good bat mitzvah speech ideas?

    A: Many Jewish sources suggest that good themes for bat mitzvah speeches relate to the weekly Torah portion, or parasha. While many Torah portions have either legalistic, archaic or age-inappropriate themes, there are many resources available for finding the modern meanings or broader themes of these portions.
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  • Q: What are the three basic teachings of Judaism?

    A: The three main principles of faith in Judaism are belief in a single, incorporeal and eternal god who created the entire universe; a set of moral principles that require people to treat one another with dignity and love, and ensure justice and equality; and the worship of a single god in prayer, study and adherence to the commandments set out in the Torah. The religion has 13 basic principles.
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  • Q: What are the basic teachings of Judaism?

    A: Judaism is a monotheistic religion that provides justice through the law and encourages a belief in the goodness of creation. The three branches of Judaism vary in their beliefs: Orthodox Judaism is the most traditional, while Reform Judaism is the least traditional. Conservative Judaism is somewhere in between the other two branches.
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  • Q: Why do Hasidic Jews wear curls?

    A: Hasidic Jewish men wear their unique sidecurls as a way of preserving an aspect of Hebrew culture. In addition to their distinctive hairstyles, Hasidic Jews of both genders typically wear styles which were historically popular among Jewish people throughout Europe.
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  • What are the Hebrew names for God?

    Q: What are the Hebrew names for God?

    A: Appearing over 6,000 times in the Tanakh, YHVH is the most common name of God in the Hebrew language. The Tetragrammaton is a combination of four Hebrew letters says Hebrew for Christians.
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  • Q: Where did Hebrew monotheism start?

    A: Hebrew monotheism began in the biblical lands of Judah and the Northern Kingdom sometime between 1,000 and 586 B.C. The idea of a single god was imparted to Abraham at the biblical Mount Sinai. Judah centered around modern-day Jerusalem, while the Northern Kingdom encompassed parts of modern-day Israel.
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  • Q: What are some of Jonathan Cahn's prophecies?

    A: Jonathan Cahn is a Messianic Jewish (meaning that he combines his belief in Christ as the Messiah with Jewish traditions) rabbi and pastor whose literature has prophesied calamities in the United States. His 2012 book, "The Harbinger," compares 21st-century America to ancient Israel.
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  • Q: What is a general description of the Hebrew calendar system?

    A: The Hebrew calendar is a lunar-based system, although the solar cycle does have an effect on the calendar in certain years. Like the Gregorian calendar, the Hebrew calendar usually consists of 12 months and seven-day weeks.
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  • Q: What is a Jewish Minyan service?

    A: A Jewish Minyan service refers to the congregation of a minimum of 10 adult Jews for a religious session. According to Jewish traditions, the 10 adults should be male and must have attained the age of 13 years. Females who have attained adulthood are not counted or considered to make up the Minyan service.
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