Judaism

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The primary holy book of the Jewish faith is known as the Torah, which comprises the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy; these are also the first five books of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, although "Old Testament" is not a term that followers of the Jewish faith typically apply to the Torah. The Torah can also be known as the Pentateuch, and it is accompanied by holy texts such as the Talmud, an authoritative book of biblical interpretations and Jewish oral traditions. According to Jewish religious tradition, God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.

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  • Is swordfish kosher?

    Q: Is swordfish kosher?

    A: A swordfish is not considered kosher food. The Torah says a fish must have fins and scales to be kosher. Only fish that have visible scales that can be easily removed are considered kosher, and swordfish do not meet this requirement.
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  • What are rituals and practices of Judaism?

    Q: What are rituals and practices of Judaism?

    A: The Jewish religion has many rituals and practices that begin at birth for boys and girls, with baby-naming ceremonies for girls and Brit Milahs for boys. Following initiation into the Jewish religion at birth, Jewish boys and girls then celebrate the passage into adulthood with Bar and Bat Mitzvahs. Later, marriages and divorces involve religious rituals to keep with centuries-old traditions.
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  • What is the holy book of Judaism?

    Q: What is the holy book of Judaism?

    A: The primary holy book of the Jewish faith is known as the Torah, which comprises the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy; these are also the first five books of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, although "Old Testament" is not a term that followers of the Jewish faith typically apply to the Torah. The Torah can also be known as the Pentateuch, and it is accompanied by holy texts such as the Talmud, an authoritative book of biblical interpretations and Jewish oral traditions. According to Jewish religious tradition, God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.
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  • What does Shabba mean?

    Q: What does Shabba mean?

    A: Shabba is a term that is used as a nickname of sorts for the concept behind Shabbat, the Jewish day of rest in which an observant Jew cannot work. On Shabbat, the day of rest, Jewish people do more than just sleep in late as they have time to set aside to appreciate the wonders of the world and reflect on their path with God.
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  • Why do mosques have domes?

    Q: Why do mosques have domes?

    A: Although most mosques feature domes, the dome is purely a decorative and traditional architectural structure with no symbolic or other spiritual meaning, according to About.com. Other mosque parts, such as the minaret, have more spiritual significance.
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  • What are characteristics of Judaism?

    Q: What are characteristics of Judaism?

    A: Judaism is a monotheistic faith, which means members believe in only one god. Judaism teaches that all humans were created in the image of God and that God intends to send a person to remedy the ills of the world. The Torah is the reference text of Judaism.
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  • Whom do the Jewish people worship?

    Q: Whom do the Jewish people worship?

    A: The Jewish people worship YHWH, the sacred name of God as revealed to the prophet Moses in the Torah. It is a combination of the past, present and future tense of the word "howa," which means "to be." The proper pronunciation, as agreed by most scholars, is "Yahweh."
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  • What are Jewish people not allowed to eat?

    Q: What are Jewish people not allowed to eat?

    A: Some foods that Jews are forbidden to eat include pig products, such as pork, bacon and ham, seafood that has neither fins nor scales, such as lobster, crab or scallops, and anything that flies in swarms, such as insects. The Jewish dietary laws are called kashrut.
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  • What does an anointing oil recipe contain?

    Q: What does an anointing oil recipe contain?

    A: One recipe for anointing oil combines ingredients referenced in Exodus of the Bible and includes quantities of olive oil, sugar, salt, allspice seeds, cloves and cinnamon sticks. An optional mixture combines frankincense, myrrh and pine oils of balsam. A citrus-based spiritually uplifting anointing oil is made from combining the oils of lemon, lime, sweet orange, dark myrrh and frankincense.
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  • Why is the Western Wall important to the Jews?

    Q: Why is the Western Wall important to the Jews?

    A: The Western Wall is important to modern Jews because it is the only remaining relic of the Second Temple, which was a sacred center of the Jewish religion in ancient times. The building was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D.
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  • Q: Where can you find a Hebrew Bible in Spanish?

    A: As of May 2015, a Hebrew Bible translated into Spanish is available for purchase on Amazon.com and Hebrew-Books.com. The Hebrew Bible with Spanish translation on Amazon.com is a hardcover edition published by Sinai in 2006.
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  • Why do the dates of Jewish holidays change?

    Q: Why do the dates of Jewish holidays change?

    A: The dates of Jewish holidays change because they follow the old Jewish calendar, which is a lunar-solar calendar that varies yearly. The standard Gregorian calendar, used worldwide for day-to-day activities, is based entirely on the passage of the Earth around the sun and ignores lunar cycles.
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  • Q: Does Jonathan Cahn have a religious education?

    A: Jonathan Cahn was born in a Jewish family and attended the synagogue regularly before becoming an atheist at the age of 8. He became a messianic Jew at the age of 20, when he was almost killed in two non-related accidents.
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  • Q: What are the basics of the Torah?

    A: The basic laws of the Torah are broken into 10 chapters of six positive and four negative commandments. Some of the six positive commandments include recognizing God, not questioning his existence and unifying God. Some of the four negative commandments are to not desecrate God's name or destroy things that have God's name written on them.
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  • Q: Why does the menorah have seven branches?

    A: According to Old Testament, the Menorah was specifically designed by God with a central stem, representing His Spirit, with 3 stems on either side to represent the six attributes of wisdom, understanding, counsel, might, knowledge and fear. It is also said to represent the burning bush which Moses saw.
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  • Q: Where did Judaism begin?

    A: The geographical origins of the Jewish religion can be traced back to the Fertile Crescent, an area of land on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea that is situated between the Nile, Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This early period is one of the only times in history that a unified Jewish community lived in a single location.
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  • Q: What are some parallel Hebrew and English Bibles?

    A: Parallel Hebrew-English Bibles include the Jewish Publication Society's Hebrew-English TANAKH: Student Edition, Zondervan's Interlinear NIV Hebrew-English Old Testament and Hendrickson Publishers's Parallel Bible: Hebrew-English Old Testament. There are also online resources offering parallel Hebrew-English text, such as Scripture4All.org and BibleHub.com.
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  • Q: What are some Jewish last names?

    A: Some Jewish last names include Miller, Asch, Farber, Meltzer and Klausner. Levi, Ezra, Benjamin, Isaac and Aaron have Hebrew origins. Blumen, Lowen, Schein and Kestenbaum, other common Jewish names, stem from other cultures.
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  • Q: What is a list of months on the Jewish calendar?

    A: The first six months of the Jewish calendar are Nissan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av and Elul. The final six months of the Jewish calendar are Tishri, Cheshvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat and Adar. On leap years, a thirteenth month is added to the end of the Jewish year.
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  • Q: Is Christmas mentioned in the Hebrew calendar?

    A: Christmas is not mentioned in the Hebrew calendar. Christmas is a fixed date in the Gregorian calendar year. The Hebrew calendar lists important dates and holidays to the Jewish people, and follows a lunar calendar cycle.
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  • Q: What are the different forms of Judaism?

    A: Different branches of Judaism that are active in the modern world include Othodox, Reform, Conservative, Hasidic, Humanistic and Reconstructionist Judiasm. Messianic Judiasm is another form of the religion that, according to North Central University, some people argue is not a true part of the Jewish faith.
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