Judaism

A:

The primary holy book of the Jewish faith is known as the Torah, which comprises the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy; these are also the first five books of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, although "Old Testament" is not a term that followers of the Jewish faith typically apply to the Torah. The Torah can also be known as the Pentateuch, and it is accompanied by holy texts such as the Talmud, an authoritative book of biblical interpretations and Jewish oral traditions. According to Jewish religious tradition, God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • Whom do the Jewish people worship?

    Q: Whom do the Jewish people worship?

    A: The Jewish people worship YHWH, the sacred name of God as revealed to the prophet Moses in the Torah. It is a combination of the past, present and future tense of the word "howa," which means "to be." The proper pronunciation, as agreed by most scholars, is "Yahweh."
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are characteristics of Judaism?

    Q: What are characteristics of Judaism?

    A: Judaism is a monotheistic faith, which means members believe in only one god. Judaism teaches that all humans were created in the image of God and that God intends to send a person to remedy the ills of the world. The Torah is the reference text of Judaism.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the holy book of Judaism?

    Q: What is the holy book of Judaism?

    A: The primary holy book of the Jewish faith is known as the Torah, which comprises the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy; these are also the first five books of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, although "Old Testament" is not a term that followers of the Jewish faith typically apply to the Torah. The Torah can also be known as the Pentateuch, and it is accompanied by holy texts such as the Talmud, an authoritative book of biblical interpretations and Jewish oral traditions. According to Jewish religious tradition, God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are Jewish people not allowed to eat?

    Q: What are Jewish people not allowed to eat?

    A: Some foods that Jews are forbidden to eat include pig products, such as pork, bacon and ham, seafood that has neither fins nor scales, such as lobster, crab or scallops, and anything that flies in swarms, such as insects. The Jewish dietary laws are called kashrut.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is the Western Wall important to the Jews?

    Q: Why is the Western Wall important to the Jews?

    A: The Western Wall is important to modern Jews because it is the only remaining relic of the Second Temple, which was a sacred center of the Jewish religion in ancient times. The building was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why do mosques have domes?

    Q: Why do mosques have domes?

    A: Although most mosques feature domes, the dome is purely a decorative and traditional architectural structure with no symbolic or other spiritual meaning, according to About.com. Other mosque parts, such as the minaret, have more spiritual significance.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What does an anointing oil recipe contain?

    Q: What does an anointing oil recipe contain?

    A: One recipe for anointing oil combines ingredients referenced in Exodus of the Bible and includes quantities of olive oil, sugar, salt, allspice seeds, cloves and cinnamon sticks. An optional mixture combines frankincense, myrrh and pine oils of balsam. A citrus-based spiritually uplifting anointing oil is made from combining the oils of lemon, lime, sweet orange, dark myrrh and frankincense.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are rituals and practices of Judaism?

    Q: What are rituals and practices of Judaism?

    A: The Jewish religion has many rituals and practices that begin at birth for boys and girls, with baby-naming ceremonies for girls and Brit Milahs for boys. Following initiation into the Jewish religion at birth, Jewish boys and girls then celebrate the passage into adulthood with Bar and Bat Mitzvahs. Later, marriages and divorces involve religious rituals to keep with centuries-old traditions.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Is swordfish kosher?

    Q: Is swordfish kosher?

    A: A swordfish is not considered kosher food. The Torah says a fish must have fins and scales to be kosher. Only fish that have visible scales that can be easily removed are considered kosher, and swordfish do not meet this requirement.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What does Shabba mean?

    Q: What does Shabba mean?

    A: Shabba is a term that is used as a nickname of sorts for the concept behind Shabbat, the Jewish day of rest in which an observant Jew cannot work. On Shabbat, the day of rest, Jewish people do more than just sleep in late as they have time to set aside to appreciate the wonders of the world and reflect on their path with God.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: Is Ray Romano Jewish?

    A: While the Barones on "Everybody Loves Raymond" are a cultural mix of Jewish and Italian, Ray Romano himself is Italian in real life. His father Albert Romano and mother Lucie Fortini are both of primarily Italian descent with a small amount of French descent.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: When did Moses live?

    A: Moses was born in 1393 B.C. and died in 1273 B.C. He was born at a time when the Pharoah of Egypt mandated the death of all Hebrew baby boys.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: Where did Hebrew monotheism start?

    A: Hebrew monotheism began in the biblical lands of Judah and the Northern Kingdom sometime between 1,000 and 586 B.C. The idea of a single god was imparted to Abraham at the biblical Mount Sinai. Judah centered around modern-day Jerusalem, while the Northern Kingdom encompassed parts of modern-day Israel.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What is an example of a Kaddish prayer for the dead?

    A: An example of a Kaddish prayer for the dead is the Mourner's Kaddish, which begins "Exalted and hallowed be his great name..." Originally, Jews recited this prayer after a rabbi's sermon, but it eventually became associated with mourning.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What are some historical figures and events involving Judaism and its adherents?

    A: Rabbi Hillel and Baal Shem Tov are considered significant historical figures in Jewish history due to the remarkable contributions they made to the religion and its followers during some of its dark periods. The Inquisition is an example of a dark period in Jewish history.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: Who were the 12 minor prophets?

    A: In the Jewish tradition, the 12 minor prophets is a reference to a single book of the Old Testament, containing the stories of twelve prophets of Israel, including Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah and Jonah. Rounding out the 12 minor prophets are Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk and Zephaniah, in addition to Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. They are called the minor prophets because their books are much shorter than those of the four major prophets: Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel and Jeremiah.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What are the major beliefs of Judaism?

    A: Some of the major beliefs of Judaism include monotheism, or the concept that there is only one deity; belief in the Torah, the five books of Moses, as the word of God; and belief in an everlasting covenant, in which God set the Jews apart from other nations as his own. Additionally, many of the beliefs in Judaism come from interpretations from rabbinic sages over the ages.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why do people place rocks on headstones?

    Q: Why do people place rocks on headstones?

    A: Placing a small stone on top of a headstone is a Jewish custom demonstrating respect for the deceased and signaling that there has been a visitor to the grave. Jews call these stones of remembrance.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: Where can you find a Hebrew Bible in Spanish?

    A: As of May 2015, a Hebrew Bible translated into Spanish is available for purchase on Amazon.com and Hebrew-Books.com. The Hebrew Bible with Spanish translation on Amazon.com is a hardcover edition published by Sinai in 2006.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What are the Hebrew months?

    A: The Hebrew, or Jewish, calendar begins with the month of Nissan and ends with the month of Adar. The calendar is based on the lunar cycle and contains either 12 or 13 months, depending on the year.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: Is the Hebrew calendar for 2014 accurate?

    A: The Hebrew calendar for 2014 is accurate by about 45 minutes to the Gregorian calendar. The Hebrew calendar deviates by approximately 1.5 hours every 19 years from the Gregorian calendar and requires adding one day every 300 years.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:

Explore Religion