Islam

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People, specifically Muslims, embark on annual pilgrimages to Mecca to show honor and respect for Allah. Muslims formally refer to the Mecca voyage as Hajj. Some Muslims make repeat trips to Mecca, but Judaic law requires all Muslims, physically and mentally able, to complete at least one journey to the holy city of Mecca during their lifetimes.

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  • Where Do Muslims Worship?

    Q: Where Do Muslims Worship?

    A: Muslims gather to worship at a mosque. It is also called by the Arabic word "masjid," which means "place of prostration." Muslims follow the religion known as Islam, which worships one god, known as Allah.
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  • How Many Muslims Live in the United States?

    Q: How Many Muslims Live in the United States?

    A: There are between five and 12 million Muslims in America as of 2014. There are Muslims from a wide variety of racial backgrounds living in America, and Islamic population in this country is very diverse.
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  • Why Is Mecca so Important to Muslims?

    Q: Why Is Mecca so Important to Muslims?

    A: Mecca is where Abraham built the Ka'aba, and some believe he did so in order to rebuild the Bait-ul-Allah that had originally been built by Adam. This is the building that every Muslim around the world faces in prayer up to five times per day. The prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 A.D., linking the city to Islam forever.
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  • Why Is the Qur'an so Important to Muslims?

    Q: Why Is the Qur'an so Important to Muslims?

    A: The Qur'an is the primary scripture of the faith of Islam. It is the single most important reference for all matters of faith, social practice, the contemplation of law and the understanding of the Divine. It is also a direct link to Islam's beloved prophet, Muhammad, the man who both received as well as first disseminated the holy message of the text.
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  • Which Foods Are Forbidden to Muslims?

    Q: Which Foods Are Forbidden to Muslims?

    A: Pork and alcohol are the only two items expressly forbidden. The Quran, however, is somewhat open to interpretation about what other foods may or may not be permitted.
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  • What Do Muslim Brides Wear?

    Q: What Do Muslim Brides Wear?

    A: Traditional gowns and intricate headpieces are main fashion items for Muslim brides. According to Casual Wedding Dresses, the only form of skin that is typically revealed in Muslim bridal wear would be the hands and face. Muslim bridal gowns are usually more conservative than Western counterparts. Higher neck lines are prominent, almost in the form of a turtle neck, and cleavage and shoulders are also covered.
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  • What Is the Name of the Holy Book of Islam?

    Q: What Is the Name of the Holy Book of Islam?

    A: The holy book of Islam is called the Quran. The book's name is sometimes also spelled "Qur'an" or "Koran." Its name comes from an Arabic root that means "the act of recitation."
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  • What Issue Divided Sunni and Shiite Muslims?

    Q: What Issue Divided Sunni and Shiite Muslims?

    A: One significant issue is that Sunnis believed that only the most pious of the Prophet's disciples should become caliphs, but the Shiites argued that succession should be based on bloodline. Abu Bakr succeeded Muhammad, but Shiites wanted Ali, a cousin of the Prophet, to become caliph.
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  • How Many Surahs Does the Quran Have?

    Q: How Many Surahs Does the Quran Have?

    A: The Quran contains 114 surahs, or chapters. The Quran is the religious text of Islam, the book that Muslims believe to be a revelation from Allah. The name "Quran" means recitation. The verses within each surah are referred to ayats. The number of verses varies from surah to surah.
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  • How Many Muslims Are There in India?

    Q: How Many Muslims Are There in India?

    A: According to India's census, as of 2011 there are 138,188,240 Muslims in India. That equates to roughly 13.4 percent of the country's population, which at the time was over 1 billion people, making Islam the second most popular religion in India as of 2011.
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  • What Is the Muslim Place of Worship Called?

    Q: What Is the Muslim Place of Worship Called?

    A: The Muslim place of worship is called a mosque. Before entering a mosque, Muslims remove their shoes, leaving them outside the building. In addition, they wash their hands before entering the premises.
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  • How Many Mosques Are There in the World?

    Q: How Many Mosques Are There in the World?

    A: As of 2010, statistics show that approximately 1.5 billion people practice the Muslim faith, and this makes it virtually impossible to calculate the number of mosques. Mosques are being built in Canada, France and other places. Therefore, it's hard to determine just how many mosques are currently being used.
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  • What Are Muslim Veils Called?

    Q: What Are Muslim Veils Called?

    A: There are many different Muslim veils depending on the country and style of Islam, but the main ones are the hijab, abaya, niqab and burqa. Veils are typically worn by Muslim women as a matter of choice because there is no requirement in the Koran for women to do so.
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  • What Is a Muslim Religious Leader Called?

    Q: What Is a Muslim Religious Leader Called?

    A: Some titles for traditional Islamic leaders include Caliph, Imam, Sheikh, Mufti, Mujtahid and Allamah. The titles of "Ayatollah" and "Grand Ayatollah" exist only in the Shiite sect of Islam.
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  • How Long Does Eid Last?

    Q: How Long Does Eid Last?

    A: Eid begins first day after the month of Ramadan in the Islamic culture and is a three-day celebration. Eid is short for Eid al-Fitr, the Festival of Fast Breaking.
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  • Why Do People Make Pilgrimages to Mecca?

    Q: Why Do People Make Pilgrimages to Mecca?

    A: People, specifically Muslims, embark on annual pilgrimages to Mecca to show honor and respect for Allah. Muslims formally refer to the Mecca voyage as Hajj. Some Muslims make repeat trips to Mecca, but Judaic law requires all Muslims, physically and mentally able, to complete at least one journey to the holy city of Mecca during their lifetimes.
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  • How Do Muslims Worship Allah?

    Q: How Do Muslims Worship Allah?

    A: Muslims worship Allah by reciting their profession of faith, praying ritual prayers five times a day, giving a tax of alms to the poor, fasting during the month of Ramadan and making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetimes. These obligatory acts are known as the five pillars of Islam.
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  • Why Do Muslims Wash Before They Pray?

    Q: Why Do Muslims Wash Before They Pray?

    A: The purpose behind the ritualized washing, known as Wudu', or ablutions, is to cleanse the body prior to presenting oneself for worship or prayer. At the time of Islam's inception, the concept of hygiene was relatively foreign in most parts of the world, which made the Wudu' unique among most cultures.
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  • How Many Muslims Are in the World Today?

    Q: How Many Muslims Are in the World Today?

    A: As of 2014, there are 1.6 billion Muslims in the world. That number is expected to grow to 2.2 billion by 2030. Islam, the religion practiced by Muslims, is the second-largest religion in the world.
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  • What Is the Holy Book of Islam Called?

    Q: What Is the Holy Book of Islam Called?

    A: The holy book of Islam is called the Quran. Muslims believe that the Quran is divinely inspired and was revealed over a period of 23 years to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel.
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  • Why Is the Islamic Year Shorter Than the Western Year?

    Q: Why Is the Islamic Year Shorter Than the Western Year?

    A: Because the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar month, which is roughly 29 days, it usually ends up being about 11 days shorter than the Western calendar. The calendar used in the West, the Gregorian or Christian calendar, is a solar calendar that is based on the earth's 365-day year.
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