Islam

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As of 2014, there are 1.6 billion Muslims in the world. That number is expected to grow to 2.2 billion by 2030. Islam, the religion practiced by Muslims, is the second-largest religion in the world.

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  • How many Muslim countries are there in the world?

    Q: How many Muslim countries are there in the world?

    A: There are between 49 and 51 Muslim-majority countries in the world, according to estimates from 2010. The fluctuation is a result of the changing demographics in countries where Muslims comprise around 50 percent of the population.
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  • How many mosques are there in the world?

    Q: How many mosques are there in the world?

    A: As of 2010, statistics show that approximately 1.5 billion people practice the Muslim faith, and this makes it virtually impossible to calculate the number of mosques. Mosques are being built in Canada, France and other places. Therefore, it's hard to determine just how many mosques are currently being used.
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  • Why do people make pilgrimages to Mecca?

    Q: Why do people make pilgrimages to Mecca?

    A: People, specifically Muslims, embark on annual pilgrimages to Mecca to show honor and respect for Allah. Muslims formally refer to the Mecca voyage as Hajj. Some Muslims make repeat trips to Mecca, but Judaic law requires all Muslims, physically and mentally able, to complete at least one journey to the holy city of Mecca during their lifetimes.
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  • Why is the Qur'an so important to Muslims?

    Q: Why is the Qur'an so important to Muslims?

    A: The Qur'an is the primary scripture of the faith of Islam. It is the single most important reference for all matters of faith, social practice, the contemplation of law and the understanding of the Divine. It is also a direct link to Islam's beloved prophet, Muhammad, the man who both received as well as first disseminated the holy message of the text.
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  • Who is the main leader of Islam?

    Q: Who is the main leader of Islam?

    A: There is no single leader of Islam, but the prophet of Islam is Muhammad. According to the Qur'an, Muhammad received revelations from Allah about life and piety that he was to spread to the people of the world.
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  • What foods do Muslims eat?

    Q: What foods do Muslims eat?

    A: Muslims eat foods that are permitted as per the Qur'an, and they avoid eating anything that is specifically prohibited within its text. They abstain from consuming dead meat, pork, blood and alcohol. They also shun meat of an animal sacrificed to idols or one that has been killed by strangulation.
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  • What is the name of the holy book of Islam?

    Q: What is the name of the holy book of Islam?

    A: The holy book of Islam is called the Quran. The book's name is sometimes also spelled "Qur'an" or "Koran." Its name comes from an Arabic root that means "the act of recitation."
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  • What does Halal mean?

    Q: What does Halal mean?

    A: "Halal" is an Arabic word that means "permissible" and it's typically used to describe what foods are acceptable to eat for Muslims. Non-Muslims most likely see the word halal applied to meat and other foods.
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  • How many Muslims live in the United States?

    Q: How many Muslims live in the United States?

    A: There are between five and 12 million Muslims in America as of 2014. There are Muslims from a wide variety of racial backgrounds living in America, and Islamic population in this country is very diverse.
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  • How many surahs does the Quran have?

    Q: How many surahs does the Quran have?

    A: The Quran contains 114 surahs, or chapters. The Quran is the religious text of Islam, the book that Muslims believe to be a revelation from Allah. The name "Quran" means recitation. The verses within each surah are referred to ayats. The number of verses varies from surah to surah.
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  • What is a Muslim religious leader called?

    Q: What is a Muslim religious leader called?

    A: Some titles for traditional Islamic leaders include Caliph, Imam, Sheikh, Mufti, Mujtahid and Allamah. The titles of "Ayatollah" and "Grand Ayatollah" exist only in the Shiite sect of Islam.
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  • What do Muslim brides wear?

    Q: What do Muslim brides wear?

    A: Traditional gowns and intricate headpieces are main fashion items for Muslim brides. According to Casual Wedding Dresses, the only form of skin that is typically revealed in Muslim bridal wear would be the hands and face. Muslim bridal gowns are usually more conservative than Western counterparts. Higher neck lines are prominent, almost in the form of a turtle neck, and cleavage and shoulders are also covered.
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  • How do you convert to Islam?

    Q: How do you convert to Islam?

    A: Converting to Islam requires only understanding of the knowledge that Allah is the one true God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and saying a sentence to that effect. The actual sentence that one who wishes to convert should say is, “La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammad rasoolu Allah.”
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  • How do Muslims worship Allah?

    Q: How do Muslims worship Allah?

    A: Muslims worship Allah by reciting their profession of faith, praying ritual prayers five times a day, giving a tax of alms to the poor, fasting during the month of Ramadan and making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetimes. These obligatory acts are known as the five pillars of Islam.
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  • What is a Muslim robe called?

    Q: What is a Muslim robe called?

    A: A robe worn by a Muslim woman is called an abaya or a jilbab, and men wear what is called a thwab. Generally, these robes are worn daily, over clothing.
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  • Why is a mosque important to muslims?

    Q: Why is a mosque important to muslims?

    A: A mosque is foremost a place of worship for Muslims, followers of the Islam religion. A mosque serves many of the same functions as a church does for Christians around the world.
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  • Why is the Hajj so important?

    Q: Why is the Hajj so important?

    A: The Hajj is important because it is one of the five pillars of Islam, and if Muslims have the ability, they are required to perform the Hajj at least once in their lifetimes. They are only excused if they are financially or physically unable to make the pilgrimage.
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  • What does a guest wear to a Muslim wedding?

    Q: What does a guest wear to a Muslim wedding?

    A: When attending a Muslim wedding, a guest should always dress formally and respectfully. Female guests are expected, though not necessarily required, to cover their neck and shoulders, due to the Muslim stance and attitudes regarding feminine modesty.
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  • Why do Muslim men wear turbans?

    Q: Why do Muslim men wear turbans?

    A: Turbans are not required of all Muslim men, but those who wear them do so for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the most important reason is in emulation of the Prophet Muhammad, who is believed to have worn either a white or a black turban. Emulation of the Prophet is generally encouraged among Muslims even in seemingly superficial matters such as clothing.
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  • Why is the Islamic year shorter than the Western year?

    Q: Why is the Islamic year shorter than the Western year?

    A: Because the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar month, which is roughly 29 days, it usually ends up being about 11 days shorter than the Western calendar. The calendar used in the West, the Gregorian or Christian calendar, is a solar calendar that is based on the earth's 365-day year.
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  • Where do Muslims worship?

    Q: Where do Muslims worship?

    A: Muslims gather to worship at a mosque. It is also called by the Arabic word "masjid," which means "place of prostration." Muslims follow the religion known as Islam, which worships one god, known as Allah.
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