Islam

A:

Some titles for traditional Islamic leaders include Caliph, Imam, Sheikh, Mufti, Mujtahid and Allamah. The titles of "Ayatollah" and "Grand Ayatollah" exist only in the Shiite sect of Islam.

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  • Who are some famous Muslims?

    Q: Who are some famous Muslims?

    A: There are lots of Muslims who happen to be famous, like American converts Dave Chappelle and Shaquille O'Neal and international political figures such as Benazir Bhutto, the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan. There are many American entertainment industry celebrities who affiliate themselves in one way or another with the Islamic faith.
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  • Who is the main leader of Islam?

    Q: Who is the main leader of Islam?

    A: There is no single leader of Islam, but the prophet of Islam is Muhammad. According to the Qur'an, Muhammad received revelations from Allah about life and piety that he was to spread to the people of the world.
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  • What issue divided Sunni and Shiite Muslims?

    Q: What issue divided Sunni and Shiite Muslims?

    A: One significant issue is that Sunnis believed that only the most pious of the Prophet's disciples should become caliphs, but the Shiites argued that succession should be based on bloodline. Abu Bakr succeeded Muhammad, but Shiites wanted Ali, a cousin of the Prophet, to become caliph.
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  • What are Muslim veils called?

    Q: What are Muslim veils called?

    A: There are many different Muslim veils depending on the country and style of Islam, but the main ones are the hijab, abaya, niqab and burqa. Veils are typically worn by Muslim women as a matter of choice because there is no requirement in the Koran for women to do so.
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  • Why do Muslim men wear turbans?

    Q: Why do Muslim men wear turbans?

    A: Turbans are not required of all Muslim men, but those who wear them do so for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the most important reason is in emulation of the Prophet Muhammad, who is believed to have worn either a white or a black turban. Emulation of the Prophet is generally encouraged among Muslims even in seemingly superficial matters such as clothing.
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  • What do Muslim men wear on their heads?

    Q: What do Muslim men wear on their heads?

    A: The Quran does not require Muslim men to cover their heads, but many choose to wear prayer caps known as taqiyahs. These caps are short and round. They occasionally fit tightly against the skull.
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  • Why is Mecca so important to Muslims?

    Q: Why is Mecca so important to Muslims?

    A: Mecca is where Abraham built the Ka'aba, and some believe he did so in order to rebuild the Bait-ul-Allah that had originally been built by Adam. This is the building that every Muslim around the world faces in prayer up to five times per day. The prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 A.D., linking the city to Islam forever.
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  • How do you convert to Islam?

    Q: How do you convert to Islam?

    A: Converting to Islam requires only understanding of the knowledge that Allah is the one true God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and saying a sentence to that effect. The actual sentence that one who wishes to convert should say is, “La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammad rasoolu Allah.”
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  • How do Muslims worship Allah?

    Q: How do Muslims worship Allah?

    A: Muslims worship Allah by reciting their profession of faith, praying ritual prayers five times a day, giving a tax of alms to the poor, fasting during the month of Ramadan and making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetimes. These obligatory acts are known as the five pillars of Islam.
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  • How many Muslims are in the world today?

    Q: How many Muslims are in the world today?

    A: As of 2014, there are 1.6 billion Muslims in the world. That number is expected to grow to 2.2 billion by 2030. Islam, the religion practiced by Muslims, is the second-largest religion in the world.
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  • How long does Eid last?

    Q: How long does Eid last?

    A: Eid begins first day after the month of Ramadan in the Islamic culture and is a three-day celebration. Eid is short for Eid al-Fitr, the Festival of Fast Breaking.
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  • How many Muslims are there in India?

    Q: How many Muslims are there in India?

    A: According to India's census, as of 2011 there are 138,188,240 Muslims in India. That equates to roughly 13.4 percent of the country's population, which at the time was over 1 billion people, making Islam the second most popular religion in India as of 2011.
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  • What does Halal mean?

    Q: What does Halal mean?

    A: "Halal" is an Arabic word that means "permissible" and it's typically used to describe what foods are acceptable to eat for Muslims. Non-Muslims most likely see the word halal applied to meat and other foods.
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  • Why do people make pilgrimages to Mecca?

    Q: Why do people make pilgrimages to Mecca?

    A: People, specifically Muslims, embark on annual pilgrimages to Mecca to show honor and respect for Allah. Muslims formally refer to the Mecca voyage as Hajj. Some Muslims make repeat trips to Mecca, but Judaic law requires all Muslims, physically and mentally able, to complete at least one journey to the holy city of Mecca during their lifetimes.
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  • Why do Muslims wash before they pray?

    Q: Why do Muslims wash before they pray?

    A: The purpose behind the ritualized washing, known as Wudu', or ablutions, is to cleanse the body prior to presenting oneself for worship or prayer. At the time of Islam's inception, the concept of hygiene was relatively foreign in most parts of the world, which made the Wudu' unique among most cultures.
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  • Why is the Hajj so important?

    Q: Why is the Hajj so important?

    A: The Hajj is important because it is one of the five pillars of Islam, and if Muslims have the ability, they are required to perform the Hajj at least once in their lifetimes. They are only excused if they are financially or physically unable to make the pilgrimage.
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  • What foods do Muslims eat?

    Q: What foods do Muslims eat?

    A: Muslims eat foods that are permitted as per the Qur'an, and they avoid eating anything that is specifically prohibited within its text. They abstain from consuming dead meat, pork, blood and alcohol. They also shun meat of an animal sacrificed to idols or one that has been killed by strangulation.
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  • How many Muslims live in the United States?

    Q: How many Muslims live in the United States?

    A: There are between five and 12 million Muslims in America as of 2014. There are Muslims from a wide variety of racial backgrounds living in America, and Islamic population in this country is very diverse.
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  • Which foods are forbidden to Muslims?

    Q: Which foods are forbidden to Muslims?

    A: Pork and alcohol are the only two items expressly forbidden. The Quran, however, is somewhat open to interpretation about what other foods may or may not be permitted.
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  • How many mosques are there in the world?

    Q: How many mosques are there in the world?

    A: As of 2010, statistics show that approximately 1.5 billion people practice the Muslim faith, and this makes it virtually impossible to calculate the number of mosques. Mosques are being built in Canada, France and other places. Therefore, it's hard to determine just how many mosques are currently being used.
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  • What is a Muslim religious leader called?

    Q: What is a Muslim religious leader called?

    A: Some titles for traditional Islamic leaders include Caliph, Imam, Sheikh, Mufti, Mujtahid and Allamah. The titles of "Ayatollah" and "Grand Ayatollah" exist only in the Shiite sect of Islam.
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