Islam

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People, specifically Muslims, embark on annual pilgrimages to Mecca to show honor and respect for Allah. Muslims formally refer to the Mecca voyage as Hajj. Some Muslims make repeat trips to Mecca, but Judaic law requires all Muslims, physically and mentally able, to complete at least one journey to the holy city of Mecca during their lifetimes.

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  • What is a Muslim religious leader called?

    Q: What is a Muslim religious leader called?

    A: Some titles for traditional Islamic leaders include Caliph, Imam, Sheikh, Mufti, Mujtahid and Allamah. The titles of "Ayatollah" and "Grand Ayatollah" exist only in the Shiite sect of Islam.
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  • Where do Muslims worship?

    Q: Where do Muslims worship?

    A: Muslims gather to worship at a mosque. It is also called by the Arabic word "masjid," which means "place of prostration." Muslims follow the religion known as Islam, which worships one god, known as Allah.
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  • What does a guest wear to a Muslim wedding?

    Q: What does a guest wear to a Muslim wedding?

    A: When attending a Muslim wedding, a guest should always dress formally and respectfully. Female guests are expected, though not necessarily required, to cover their neck and shoulders, due to the Muslim stance and attitudes regarding feminine modesty.
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  • Who are some famous Muslims?

    Q: Who are some famous Muslims?

    A: There are lots of Muslims who happen to be famous, like American converts Dave Chappelle and Shaquille O'Neal and international political figures such as Benazir Bhutto, the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan. There are many American entertainment industry celebrities who affiliate themselves in one way or another with the Islamic faith.
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  • How many Muslims live in the United States?

    Q: How many Muslims live in the United States?

    A: There are between five and 12 million Muslims in America as of 2014. There are Muslims from a wide variety of racial backgrounds living in America, and Islamic population in this country is very diverse.
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  • What is the largest mosque in the world?

    Q: What is the largest mosque in the world?

    A: The world's largest mosque is either the Masjid al-Haram, located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, or the Imam Reza Shrine, which stands in Mashhad, Iran. The al-Haram mosque is by far the largest mosque in the world by its total capacity, while the Reza Shrine covers the greatest area.
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  • Which foods are forbidden to Muslims?

    Q: Which foods are forbidden to Muslims?

    A: Pork and alcohol are the only two items expressly forbidden. The Quran, however, is somewhat open to interpretation about what other foods may or may not be permitted.
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  • How long does Eid last?

    Q: How long does Eid last?

    A: Eid begins first day after the month of Ramadan in the Islamic culture and is a three-day celebration. Eid is short for Eid al-Fitr, the Festival of Fast Breaking.
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  • What is the name of the holy book of Islam?

    Q: What is the name of the holy book of Islam?

    A: The holy book of Islam is called the Quran. The book's name is sometimes also spelled "Qur'an" or "Koran." Its name comes from an Arabic root that means "the act of recitation."
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  • What are Muslim veils called?

    Q: What are Muslim veils called?

    A: There are many different Muslim veils depending on the country and style of Islam, but the main ones are the hijab, abaya, niqab and burqa. Veils are typically worn by Muslim women as a matter of choice because there is no requirement in the Koran for women to do so.
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  • Why do people make pilgrimages to Mecca?

    Q: Why do people make pilgrimages to Mecca?

    A: People, specifically Muslims, embark on annual pilgrimages to Mecca to show honor and respect for Allah. Muslims formally refer to the Mecca voyage as Hajj. Some Muslims make repeat trips to Mecca, but Judaic law requires all Muslims, physically and mentally able, to complete at least one journey to the holy city of Mecca during their lifetimes.
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  • Why is the Hajj so important?

    Q: Why is the Hajj so important?

    A: The Hajj is important because it is one of the five pillars of Islam, and if Muslims have the ability, they are required to perform the Hajj at least once in their lifetimes. They are only excused if they are financially or physically unable to make the pilgrimage.
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  • Why is the Islamic year shorter than the Western year?

    Q: Why is the Islamic year shorter than the Western year?

    A: Because the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar month, which is roughly 29 days, it usually ends up being about 11 days shorter than the Western calendar. The calendar used in the West, the Gregorian or Christian calendar, is a solar calendar that is based on the earth's 365-day year.
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  • Which Marvel superhero is a Muslim?

    Q: Which Marvel superhero is a Muslim?

    A: While there have been several Muslim Marvel comics characters over the years, Kamala Khan, who was announced as the new Ms. Marvel in 2014, may be one of the most famous in the real world and most significant within the Marvel Universe. Khan is portrayed as a 16-year-old Muslim girl.
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  • Why is Mecca so important to Muslims?

    Q: Why is Mecca so important to Muslims?

    A: Mecca is where Abraham built the Ka'aba, and some believe he did so in order to rebuild the Bait-ul-Allah that had originally been built by Adam. This is the building that every Muslim around the world faces in prayer up to five times per day. The prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 A.D., linking the city to Islam forever.
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  • What foods do Muslims eat?

    Q: What foods do Muslims eat?

    A: Muslims eat foods that are permitted as per the Qur'an, and they avoid eating anything that is specifically prohibited within its text. They abstain from consuming dead meat, pork, blood and alcohol. They also shun meat of an animal sacrificed to idols or one that has been killed by strangulation.
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  • Why is the Qur'an so important to Muslims?

    Q: Why is the Qur'an so important to Muslims?

    A: The Qur'an is the primary scripture of the faith of Islam. It is the single most important reference for all matters of faith, social practice, the contemplation of law and the understanding of the Divine. It is also a direct link to Islam's beloved prophet, Muhammad, the man who both received as well as first disseminated the holy message of the text.
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  • How many mosques are there in the world?

    Q: How many mosques are there in the world?

    A: As of 2010, statistics show that approximately 1.5 billion people practice the Muslim faith, and this makes it virtually impossible to calculate the number of mosques. Mosques are being built in Canada, France and other places. Therefore, it's hard to determine just how many mosques are currently being used.
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  • How many surahs does the Quran have?

    Q: How many surahs does the Quran have?

    A: The Quran contains 114 surahs, or chapters. The Quran is the religious text of Islam, the book that Muslims believe to be a revelation from Allah. The name "Quran" means recitation. The verses within each surah are referred to ayats. The number of verses varies from surah to surah.
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  • What issue divided Sunni and Shiite Muslims?

    Q: What issue divided Sunni and Shiite Muslims?

    A: One significant issue is that Sunnis believed that only the most pious of the Prophet's disciples should become caliphs, but the Shiites argued that succession should be based on bloodline. Abu Bakr succeeded Muhammad, but Shiites wanted Ali, a cousin of the Prophet, to become caliph.
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  • What is the holy book of Islam called?

    Q: What is the holy book of Islam called?

    A: The holy book of Islam is called the Quran. Muslims believe that the Quran is divinely inspired and was revealed over a period of 23 years to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel.
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