Islam

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People, specifically Muslims, embark on annual pilgrimages to Mecca to show honor and respect for Allah. Muslims formally refer to the Mecca voyage as Hajj. Some Muslims make repeat trips to Mecca, but Judaic law requires all Muslims, physically and mentally able, to complete at least one journey to the holy city of Mecca during their lifetimes.

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  • Why Is Mecca so Important to Muslims?

    Q: Why Is Mecca so Important to Muslims?

    A: Mecca is where Abraham built the Ka'aba, and some believe he did so in order to rebuild the Bait-ul-Allah that had originally been built by Adam. This is the building that every Muslim around the world faces in prayer up to five times per day. The prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 A.D., linking the city to Islam forever.
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  • What Is the Muslim Place of Worship Called?

    Q: What Is the Muslim Place of Worship Called?

    A: The Muslim place of worship is called a mosque. Before entering a mosque, Muslims remove their shoes, leaving them outside the building. In addition, they wash their hands before entering the premises.
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  • Why Do Muslim Men Wear Turbans?

    Q: Why Do Muslim Men Wear Turbans?

    A: Turbans are not required of all Muslim men, but those who wear them do so for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the most important reason is in emulation of the Prophet Muhammad, who is believed to have worn either a white or a black turban. Emulation of the Prophet is generally encouraged among Muslims even in seemingly superficial matters such as clothing.
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  • What Is the Name of the Holy Book of Islam?

    Q: What Is the Name of the Holy Book of Islam?

    A: The holy book of Islam is called the Quran. The book's name is sometimes also spelled "Qur'an" or "Koran." Its name comes from an Arabic root that means "the act of recitation."
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  • Which Foods Are Forbidden to Muslims?

    Q: Which Foods Are Forbidden to Muslims?

    A: Pork and alcohol are the only two items expressly forbidden. The Quran, however, is somewhat open to interpretation about what other foods may or may not be permitted.
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  • What Is a Muslim Robe Called?

    Q: What Is a Muslim Robe Called?

    A: A robe worn by a Muslim woman is called an abaya or a jilbab, and men wear what is called a thwab. Generally, these robes are worn daily, over clothing.
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  • What Does a Guest Wear to a Muslim Wedding?

    Q: What Does a Guest Wear to a Muslim Wedding?

    A: When attending a Muslim wedding, a guest should always dress formally and respectfully. Female guests are expected, though not necessarily required, to cover their neck and shoulders, due to the Muslim stance and attitudes regarding feminine modesty.
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  • How Do Muslims Worship in the Mosque?

    Q: How Do Muslims Worship in the Mosque?

    A: Muslims pray in congregation in a mosque, and they do so facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca. The person leading the prayer is called an imam and is chosen as per his knowledge of the Holy Quran. The rest of the people stand behind the imam in straight rows and follow him. Behind the imam, in the first row, is a person who corrects him if he makes a mistake.
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  • Why Is the Qur'an so Important to Muslims?

    Q: Why Is the Qur'an so Important to Muslims?

    A: The Qur'an is the primary scripture of the faith of Islam. It is the single most important reference for all matters of faith, social practice, the contemplation of law and the understanding of the Divine. It is also a direct link to Islam's beloved prophet, Muhammad, the man who both received as well as first disseminated the holy message of the text.
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  • Which Marvel Superhero Is a Muslim?

    Q: Which Marvel Superhero Is a Muslim?

    A: While there have been several Muslim Marvel comics characters over the years, Kamala Khan, who was announced as the new Ms. Marvel in 2014, may be one of the most famous in the real world and most significant within the Marvel Universe. Khan is portrayed as a 16-year-old Muslim girl.
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  • How Long Does Eid Last?

    Q: How Long Does Eid Last?

    A: Eid begins first day after the month of Ramadan in the Islamic culture and is a three-day celebration. Eid is short for Eid al-Fitr, the Festival of Fast Breaking.
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  • What Is a Muslim Religious Leader Called?

    Q: What Is a Muslim Religious Leader Called?

    A: Some titles for traditional Islamic leaders include Caliph, Imam, Sheikh, Mufti, Mujtahid and Allamah. The titles of "Ayatollah" and "Grand Ayatollah" exist only in the Shiite sect of Islam.
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  • Who Are Some Famous Muslims?

    Q: Who Are Some Famous Muslims?

    A: There are lots of Muslims who happen to be famous, like American converts Dave Chappelle and Shaquille O'Neal and international political figures such as Benazir Bhutto, the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan. There are many American entertainment industry celebrities who affiliate themselves in one way or another with the Islamic faith.
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  • What Is the Largest Mosque in the World?

    Q: What Is the Largest Mosque in the World?

    A: The world's largest mosque is either the Masjid al-Haram, located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, or the Imam Reza Shrine, which stands in Mashhad, Iran. The al-Haram mosque is by far the largest mosque in the world by its total capacity, while the Reza Shrine covers the greatest area.
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  • What Does Halal Mean?

    Q: What Does Halal Mean?

    A: "Halal" is an Arabic word that means "permissible" and it's typically used to describe what foods are acceptable to eat for Muslims. Non-Muslims most likely see the word halal applied to meat and other foods.
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  • How Many Muslims Are There in India?

    Q: How Many Muslims Are There in India?

    A: According to India's census, as of 2011 there are 138,188,240 Muslims in India. That equates to roughly 13.4 percent of the country's population, which at the time was over 1 billion people, making Islam the second most popular religion in India as of 2011.
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  • What Is the Holy Book of Islam Called?

    Q: What Is the Holy Book of Islam Called?

    A: The holy book of Islam is called the Quran. Muslims believe that the Quran is divinely inspired and was revealed over a period of 23 years to the prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel.
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  • What Are Muslim Veils Called?

    Q: What Are Muslim Veils Called?

    A: There are many different Muslim veils depending on the country and style of Islam, but the main ones are the hijab, abaya, niqab and burqa. Veils are typically worn by Muslim women as a matter of choice because there is no requirement in the Koran for women to do so.
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  • How Many Mosques Are There in the World?

    Q: How Many Mosques Are There in the World?

    A: As of 2010, statistics show that approximately 1.5 billion people practice the Muslim faith, and this makes it virtually impossible to calculate the number of mosques. Mosques are being built in Canada, France and other places. Therefore, it's hard to determine just how many mosques are currently being used.
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  • How Many Muslims Are in the World Today?

    Q: How Many Muslims Are in the World Today?

    A: As of 2014, there are 1.6 billion Muslims in the world. That number is expected to grow to 2.2 billion by 2030. Islam, the religion practiced by Muslims, is the second-largest religion in the world.
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  • How Do You Convert to Islam?

    Q: How Do You Convert to Islam?

    A: Converting to Islam requires only understanding of the knowledge that Allah is the one true God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and saying a sentence to that effect. The actual sentence that one who wishes to convert should say is, “La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammad rasoolu Allah.”
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