Islam

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Eid begins first day after the month of Ramadan in the Islamic culture and is a three-day celebration. Eid is short for Eid al-Fitr, the Festival of Fast Breaking.

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  • What Do Muslim Men Wear on Their Heads?

    Q: What Do Muslim Men Wear on Their Heads?

    A: The Quran does not require Muslim men to cover their heads, but many choose to wear prayer caps known as taqiyahs. These caps are short and round. They occasionally fit tightly against the skull.
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  • How Many Muslims Are There in India?

    Q: How Many Muslims Are There in India?

    A: According to India's census, as of 2011 there are 138,188,240 Muslims in India. That equates to roughly 13.4 percent of the country's population, which at the time was over 1 billion people, making Islam the second most popular religion in India as of 2011.
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  • Why Is Mecca so Important to Muslims?

    Q: Why Is Mecca so Important to Muslims?

    A: Mecca is where Abraham built the Ka'aba, and some believe he did so in order to rebuild the Bait-ul-Allah that had originally been built by Adam. This is the building that every Muslim around the world faces in prayer up to five times per day. The prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 A.D., linking the city to Islam forever.
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  • How Many Muslims Are in the World Today?

    Q: How Many Muslims Are in the World Today?

    A: As of 2014, there are 1.6 billion Muslims in the world. That number is expected to grow to 2.2 billion by 2030. Islam, the religion practiced by Muslims, is the second-largest religion in the world.
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  • Why Do Muslim Men Wear Turbans?

    Q: Why Do Muslim Men Wear Turbans?

    A: Turbans are not required of all Muslim men, but those who wear them do so for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the most important reason is in emulation of the Prophet Muhammad, who is believed to have worn either a white or a black turban. Emulation of the Prophet is generally encouraged among Muslims even in seemingly superficial matters such as clothing.
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  • Where Do Muslims Worship?

    Q: Where Do Muslims Worship?

    A: Muslims gather to worship at a mosque. It is also called by the Arabic word "masjid," which means "place of prostration." Muslims follow the religion known as Islam, which worships one god, known as Allah.
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  • How Do Muslims Worship Allah?

    Q: How Do Muslims Worship Allah?

    A: Muslims worship Allah by reciting their profession of faith, praying ritual prayers five times a day, giving a tax of alms to the poor, fasting during the month of Ramadan and making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetimes. These obligatory acts are known as the five pillars of Islam.
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  • What Issue Divided Sunni and Shiite Muslims?

    Q: What Issue Divided Sunni and Shiite Muslims?

    A: One significant issue is that Sunnis believed that only the most pious of the Prophet's disciples should become caliphs, but the Shiites argued that succession should be based on bloodline. Abu Bakr succeeded Muhammad, but Shiites wanted Ali, a cousin of the Prophet, to become caliph.
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  • Why Is the Hajj so Important?

    Q: Why Is the Hajj so Important?

    A: The Hajj is important because it is one of the five pillars of Islam, and if Muslims have the ability, they are required to perform the Hajj at least once in their lifetimes. They are only excused if they are financially or physically unable to make the pilgrimage.
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  • Which Marvel Superhero Is a Muslim?

    Q: Which Marvel Superhero Is a Muslim?

    A: While there have been several Muslim Marvel comics characters over the years, Kamala Khan, who was announced as the new Ms. Marvel in 2014, may be one of the most famous in the real world and most significant within the Marvel Universe. Khan is portrayed as a 16-year-old Muslim girl.
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  • Why Is the Islamic Year Shorter Than the Western Year?

    Q: Why Is the Islamic Year Shorter Than the Western Year?

    A: Because the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar month, which is roughly 29 days, it usually ends up being about 11 days shorter than the Western calendar. The calendar used in the West, the Gregorian or Christian calendar, is a solar calendar that is based on the earth's 365-day year.
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  • How Do Muslims Worship in the Mosque?

    Q: How Do Muslims Worship in the Mosque?

    A: Muslims pray in congregation in a mosque, and they do so facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca. The person leading the prayer is called an imam and is chosen as per his knowledge of the Holy Quran. The rest of the people stand behind the imam in straight rows and follow him. Behind the imam, in the first row, is a person who corrects him if he makes a mistake.
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  • What Is the Muslim Place of Worship Called?

    Q: What Is the Muslim Place of Worship Called?

    A: The Muslim place of worship is called a mosque. Before entering a mosque, Muslims remove their shoes, leaving them outside the building. In addition, they wash their hands before entering the premises.
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  • Why Is the Qur'an so Important to Muslims?

    Q: Why Is the Qur'an so Important to Muslims?

    A: The Qur'an is the primary scripture of the faith of Islam. It is the single most important reference for all matters of faith, social practice, the contemplation of law and the understanding of the Divine. It is also a direct link to Islam's beloved prophet, Muhammad, the man who both received as well as first disseminated the holy message of the text.
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  • What Is a Muslim Religious Leader Called?

    Q: What Is a Muslim Religious Leader Called?

    A: Some titles for traditional Islamic leaders include Caliph, Imam, Sheikh, Mufti, Mujtahid and Allamah. The titles of "Ayatollah" and "Grand Ayatollah" exist only in the Shiite sect of Islam.
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  • How Many Mosques Are There in the World?

    Q: How Many Mosques Are There in the World?

    A: As of 2010, statistics show that approximately 1.5 billion people practice the Muslim faith, and this makes it virtually impossible to calculate the number of mosques. Mosques are being built in Canada, France and other places. Therefore, it's hard to determine just how many mosques are currently being used.
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  • What Does Halal Mean?

    Q: What Does Halal Mean?

    A: "Halal" is an Arabic word that means "permissible" and it's typically used to describe what foods are acceptable to eat for Muslims. Non-Muslims most likely see the word halal applied to meat and other foods.
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  • Why Do Muslims Wash Before They Pray?

    Q: Why Do Muslims Wash Before They Pray?

    A: The purpose behind the ritualized washing, known as Wudu', or ablutions, is to cleanse the body prior to presenting oneself for worship or prayer. At the time of Islam's inception, the concept of hygiene was relatively foreign in most parts of the world, which made the Wudu' unique among most cultures.
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  • How Many Muslim Countries Are There in the World?

    Q: How Many Muslim Countries Are There in the World?

    A: There are between 49 and 51 Muslim-majority countries in the world, according to estimates from 2010. The fluctuation is a result of the changing demographics in countries where Muslims comprise around 50 percent of the population.
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  • What Do Muslim Brides Wear?

    Q: What Do Muslim Brides Wear?

    A: Traditional gowns and intricate headpieces are main fashion items for Muslim brides. According to Casual Wedding Dresses, the only form of skin that is typically revealed in Muslim bridal wear would be the hands and face. Muslim bridal gowns are usually more conservative than Western counterparts. Higher neck lines are prominent, almost in the form of a turtle neck, and cleavage and shoulders are also covered.
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  • What Is the Holy Day of the Week for Muslims?

    Q: What Is the Holy Day of the Week for Muslims?

    A: The holy day of the week for Muslims is Friday. In the Arabic language, the word for Friday means a special type of prayer. On this day, Muslims are expected to come together to pray at their mosques.
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