Cloistered nuns are Catholic women who have consecrated themselves to God through religious vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. They live in communities inside convents and have little contact with the outside world.
A:In Christianity, the inverted Latin cross is a symbol of human humility and unworthiness compared to Jesus. In modern times, the symbol has also taken on an anti-Christian meaning to some, demonstrating complete opposition to the religion by inverting its primary symbol.
A:The eastern and western churches split over differences in theology, practice, politics and culture. As Constantinople became an important center of government in the eastern half of the Roman Empire, the church there began to challenge the supremacy of Rome. Without a common language and culture, the two halves of the Christian Church drifted apart in the face of their disagreements.
A:As of 2010, the countries with the largest number of Christians are the United States, Brazil, Mexico, Russia and the Philippines. The countries with the least number of Christians are Western Sahara, Vatican City, Somalia, Mauritania and Bhutan.
A:St. Paul is the patron saint of writers, publishers, authors and the press because of his numerous writing contributions to churches he founded or visited. These letters are present throughout the New Testament of the Holy Bible.
A:Jesus' mission on Earth was to spread the word of God and die on the cross as a penance for the sins of humans. According to John 17:18, God gave Jesus his mission. Jesus in turn gave his disciples, or followers, a mission on Earth to continue spreading God's word and the good news of Jesus' resurrection after he died on the cross.
A:Unitarianism is an organized religion named for its adherents' belief in the unity of humanity and creation and the belief that God is one being and not three-in-one as characterized by the Christian concept of the Holy Trinity. Unitarianism also allows a wide range of beliefs among those who belong to the church. In fact, there are many Jews, Christians, Buddhists and even atheists who consider themselves Unitarians.
A:Roman Catholics use many different versions of the Catholic Bible. Which version of the Catholic Bible a person chooses to use is a personal decision. Some versions available include the New International, the King James, the Good News and the English Standard.
A:As of 1986, the Seventh Day Adventist North American Division Annual Council allows church members to wear wedding rings. Up until that point, wedding rings were forbidden in North America. As of May 2014, Seventh Day Adventists are still forbidden to wear other types of jewelry.
A:The New Testament of the Bible is composed of 260 chapters spread across 27 books. Matthew and Acts have the most chapters at 28 each. Four books have only one chapter: Philemon, Second John, Third John and Jude.
A:Versions of the Christian Bible without the Apocrypha contain 66 books, each being one long story or comprised of many different stories. Versions of the Christian Bible with the Apocrypha contain 73 books.
A:Christmas began as a celebration of the nativity story of Jesus in Rome in 354. It had been celebrated even earlier by Christians in the East, but they incorporated it into their Epiphany celebration on Jan. 6, which focused more on Jesus' baptism. The celebration of Christmas in Rome replaced the pagan solar festivals that occurred on Dec. 25.
A:As of October 2014, Pope Francis speaks three languages: Spanish, Italian and German. Pope Francis was born to Italian immigrants in Argentina in 1936. His educational achievements include a doctorate in theology, which he obtained in Freiburg, Germany.
A:Christians believe that there is one triune God, who is father, son and holy spirit. They believe that salvation comes from a belief in Jesus as the son of God and in his death and resurrection. Salvation is not earned but rather comes by faith alone.
A:In the Holy Communion service, a type of bread and wine or grape juice is served and eaten in commemoration of the sacrifice Jesus made in dying for the sins of mankind. Christian churches celebrate Holy Communion, also known as the Lord's Supper, according to the model Jesus set just before his crucifixion.
A:Religious organizations are not generally bound by the same financial reporting requirements as other entities, but the Catholic Church is very likely to be the wealthiest single religious organization on Earth. The Economist estimates that annual expenditures of the Catholic Church in the United States alone exceed $170 billion.
A:The founder of Christianity is either Jesus Christ or the apostle Paul, depending on which side of the debate one takes. Jesus created the teachings of the Gospel, but Paul implemented them throughout the ancient world, spreading a religion that may have originally been meant as a new Judaism.
A:Mother Teresa was famous for providing humanitarian assistance to destitute residents living on the streets of Calcutta. Mother Teresa provided many kinds of humanitarian aid to poor residents in need, including medical treatment, education and basic supplies such as clothing. Mother Teresa had little training and lacked formal equipment, but made use of the resources she had to improve the lives of others less fortunate than herself.