Buddhism

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The Four Noble Truths are the principles that form the foundation of Buddhism. They are comprised of the truth of suffering, the truth of the origin of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering and the truth of the path to freedom from suffering.

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  • Who Was Buddha?

    Q: Who Was Buddha?

    A: The term "Buddha" is generally used as an appellation for the ancient Indian figure, Siddhartha Gautama, who is believed to have lived sometime between 563 B.C. and 483 B.C. "Buddha" is a Sanskrit term meaning "the awakened one."
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  • What Are the Modern Day Traditions of Buddhism?

    Q: What Are the Modern Day Traditions of Buddhism?

    A: Buddhism itself professes to have no set form of traditions. Various schools of Buddhism, however, have adopted their own exclusive set of traditions as they have developed.
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  • Who Are the Major Prophets of Buddhism?

    Q: Who Are the Major Prophets of Buddhism?

    A: In the religion of Buddhism, there is only one prophet, who was named Siddhartha Gautama. He was later known as Buddha, the enlightened one, and is estimated to have lived between 600 and 400 BC. The religion he created was based on four noble truths, which explained Buddha's views on suffering, their source, the end of suffering and the path to the end.
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  • What Do Buddhists Believe?

    Q: What Do Buddhists Believe?

    A: Buddhists believe that Siddhartha Gautama, who lived about 2,500 years ago in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, experienced a deep realization about life and became enlightened while meditating under a bodhi tree. He became known as "the Buddha" and taught that all human beings contain the seed of enlightenment, a deep understanding about life that can be achieved in a single lifetime.
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  • What Are the Four Noble Truths?

    Q: What Are the Four Noble Truths?

    A: The Four Noble Truths are the principles that form the foundation of Buddhism. They are comprised of the truth of suffering, the truth of the origin of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering and the truth of the path to freedom from suffering.
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  • What Is the Name of the Buddhist Bible?

    Q: What Is the Name of the Buddhist Bible?

    A: There is no Buddhist bible. There are several Buddhist scriptures and teachings in existence, but few Buddhist scholars agree these are authentic. Bibles of other religions are thought to convey the word of that religion's god, but Buddha was a man and not a god, so there is no bible.
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  • Who Is the Founder of Buddism?

    Q: Who Is the Founder of Buddism?

    A: The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama, also referred to as Buddha Shakyamuni, who was a royal prince in a place called Lumbini. It is claimed that the suffering he witnessed on Earth made him to retreat to the forest to meditate with the intention of finding solutions.
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  • What Is the EightfoldPpath?

    Q: What Is the EightfoldPpath?

    A: The Eightfold Path (also known as the Noble Eightfold Path) is a part of the Fourth Noble Truth of Buddhism, and includes eight traits that are needed in order to find liberation: right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration, right understanding and right thought. The first person to teach the Eightfold Path was Buddha himself.
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  • Which Country Did Buddhism Originate In?

    Q: Which Country Did Buddhism Originate In?

    A: Buddhism is believed to have began in Northern India sometime in the fifth century B.C. The religion was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, who is known as the Buddha, or "Enlightened One." As of 2015, there are approximately 376 million followers of Buddhism throughout the world.
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  • When Was Buddhism Founded?

    Q: When Was Buddhism Founded?

    A: Buddhism began in the fifth or sixth century before Christ. It was founded by Gautama Buddha, who was originally named Prince Siddhartha Gautama. He was born in 624 B.C. in Lumbini, which is in modern-day Nepal.
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  • What Is a Monk's Home Called?

    Q: What Is a Monk's Home Called?

    A: Monks typically live in monasteries. These dwellings may either consist of a small singular building or a large group of buildings that can house many individuals
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  • What Is Reiki?

    Q: What Is Reiki?

    A: Reiki is a healing technique from Japan that alleviates stress and promotes relaxation. Reiki practitioners run their hands just above a person's body in their energy field. The belief is that life force energy surrounds all living things, and if it is left unbalanced, it causes illness and stress.
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  • What Is Parinirvana?

    Q: What Is Parinirvana?

    A: In Buddhism, parinirvana is the final nirvana, the release of the enlightened soul from the cycle of rebirth. The written account of Buddha's parinirvana is one of the most studied texts on life of Siddhartha Guatama. Parinirvana Day is the commemoration of Buddha's death.
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  • What Are the Followers of Buddhism Called?

    Q: What Are the Followers of Buddhism Called?

    A: People who practice Buddhism are called Buddhists, and they are divided into two groups: ordained monks and lay-people. The ordained monks practice their religion with extreme dedication and teach others about Buddhism while the lay-people have families, work for a living and live their lives according to Buddhist teachings.
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  • What Are the Main Beliefs of Buddhism?

    Q: What Are the Main Beliefs of Buddhism?

    A: The main beliefs of Buddhism are reincarnation, the four noble truths, the five precepts and the three trainings or practices. Buddhism also has an eightfold path that was created by the Buddha and helps lead people toward enlightenment.
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  • Q: What Is the Difference Between the Two Main Branches of Buddhism?

    A: Primarily, Theravada Buddhism focuses more on the individual while Mahayana Buddhism focuses more on society as a whole. They also concentrate on different values: Theravada on wisdom and Mahayana on compassion.
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  • Q: What Are Some Different Buddha Postures and Their Meanings?

    A: Some different Buddha posture, or mudras, are the Abhaya, symbolizing peaceful intentions and peacemaking, and Bhumisparsha, symbolizing the enlightenment of the Buddha under the Bodhi tree. Others include Dhyana, meaning wisdom, and Dharmachakra, symbolizing the Wheel of Dharma. Varada is a fifth mudra and it is a gesture of compassion.
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  • What Does It Look Like Inside a Buddhist Temple?

    Q: What Does It Look Like Inside a Buddhist Temple?

    A: There are many types of Buddhist temples built throughout the world, especially in Asia, and the appearance of the interior is different from temple to temple. Mainstays of Buddhist temples typically include a statue of the Buddha, incense, carved reliefs, candles and, of course, monks.
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  • What Are Buddhist Temples?

    Q: What Are Buddhist Temples?

    A: Buddhist temples are where believers of Buddhism do communal worship and meditation. These temples are characterized by their unique history, impressive architecture, presence of monks and spiritual ambiance.
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  • What Is the Dalai Lama Famous For?

    Q: What Is the Dalai Lama Famous For?

    A: The 14th Dalai Lama is famous for fighting to ensure Tibet's independence from China and spiritual growth of all people. Dalai Lamas are influential monks chosen from the Gelug school.
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  • Why Is Buddha Called the "Enlightened One"?

    Q: Why Is Buddha Called the "Enlightened One"?

    A: "Buddha" is the term an individual receives when he or she fully comprehends the Four Noble Truths, sheds earthly ignorance and is fully awake, or enlightened. Buddhists do not believe a person is born a Buddha, but achieve it through his or her own spiritual work, and so becomes the "Enlightened One."
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