Buddhism

A:

The term "Buddha" is generally used as an appellation for the ancient Indian figure, Siddhartha Gautama, who is believed to have lived sometime between 563 B.C. and 483 B.C. "Buddha" is a Sanskrit term meaning "the awakened one."

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  • Who was Buddha?

    Q: Who was Buddha?

    A: The term "Buddha" is generally used as an appellation for the ancient Indian figure, Siddhartha Gautama, who is believed to have lived sometime between 563 B.C. and 483 B.C. "Buddha" is a Sanskrit term meaning "the awakened one."
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  • Which country did Buddhism originate in?

    Q: Which country did Buddhism originate in?

    A: Buddhism is believed to have began in Northern India sometime in the fifth century B.C. The religion was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, who is known as the Buddha, or "Enlightened One." As of 2015, there are approximately 376 million followers of Buddhism throughout the world.
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  • What are the followers of Buddhism called?

    Q: What are the followers of Buddhism called?

    A: People who practice Buddhism are called Buddhists, and they are divided into two groups: ordained monks and lay-people. The ordained monks practice their religion with extreme dedication and teach others about Buddhism while the lay-people have families, work for a living and live their lives according to Buddhist teachings.
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  • What is parinirvana?

    Q: What is parinirvana?

    A: In Buddhism, parinirvana is the final nirvana, the release of the enlightened soul from the cycle of rebirth. The written account of Buddha's parinirvana is one of the most studied texts on life of Siddhartha Guatama. Parinirvana Day is the commemoration of Buddha's death.
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  • What is a monk's home called?

    Q: What is a monk's home called?

    A: Monks typically live in monasteries. These dwellings may either consist of a small singular building or a large group of buildings that can house many individuals
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  • What is the EightfoldPpath?

    Q: What is the EightfoldPpath?

    A: The Eightfold Path (also known as the Noble Eightfold Path) is a part of the Fourth Noble Truth of Buddhism, and includes eight traits that are needed in order to find liberation: right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration, right understanding and right thought. The first person to teach the Eightfold Path was Buddha himself.
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  • What is reiki?

    Q: What is reiki?

    A: Reiki is a healing technique from Japan that alleviates stress and promotes relaxation. Reiki practitioners run their hands just above a person's body in their energy field. The belief is that life force energy surrounds all living things, and if it is left unbalanced, it causes illness and stress.
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  • What are the modern day traditions of Buddhism?

    Q: What are the modern day traditions of Buddhism?

    A: Buddhism itself professes to have no set form of traditions. Various schools of Buddhism, however, have adopted their own exclusive set of traditions as they have developed.
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  • Who is the founder of Buddism?

    Q: Who is the founder of Buddism?

    A: The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama, also referred to as Buddha Shakyamuni, who was a royal prince in a place called Lumbini. It is claimed that the suffering he witnessed on Earth made him to retreat to the forest to meditate with the intention of finding solutions.
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  • What are the Four Noble Truths?

    Q: What are the Four Noble Truths?

    A: The Four Noble Truths are the principles that form the foundation of Buddhism. They are comprised of the truth of suffering, the truth of the origin of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering and the truth of the path to freedom from suffering.
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  • When was Buddhism founded?

    Q: When was Buddhism founded?

    A: Buddhism began in the fifth or sixth century before Christ. It was founded by Gautama Buddha, who was originally named Prince Siddhartha Gautama. He was born in 624 B.C. in Lumbini, which is in modern-day Nepal.
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  • What do Buddhists believe?

    Q: What do Buddhists believe?

    A: Buddhists believe that Siddhartha Gautama, who lived about 2,500 years ago in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, experienced a deep realization about life and became enlightened while meditating under a bodhi tree. He became known as "the Buddha" and taught that all human beings contain the seed of enlightenment, a deep understanding about life that can be achieved in a single lifetime.
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  • Who are the major prophets of Buddhism?

    Q: Who are the major prophets of Buddhism?

    A: In the religion of Buddhism, there is only one prophet, who was named Siddhartha Gautama. He was later known as Buddha, the enlightened one, and is estimated to have lived between 600 and 400 BC. The religion he created was based on four noble truths, which explained Buddha's views on suffering, their source, the end of suffering and the path to the end.
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  • Q: How many different kinds of Buddhas are there?

    A: Three main types of Buddhas exist. They are the Samma Sambuddhas, the Pacceka Buddha and the Savaka or Arahant Buddha, each of whom embodies a specific type of Buddhahood.
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  • What does it look like inside a Buddhist temple?

    Q: What does it look like inside a Buddhist temple?

    A: There are many types of Buddhist temples built throughout the world, especially in Asia, and the appearance of the interior is different from temple to temple. Mainstays of Buddhist temples typically include a statue of the Buddha, incense, carved reliefs, candles and, of course, monks.
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  • Q: What are some interesting facts about Buddha?

    A: The Buddha's birth name was Siddhartha Gautama, and he was born a wealthy prince. Historians debate many details of his life, but he lived between the sixth and fourth centuries B.C.
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  • What is the Dalai Lama famous for?

    Q: What is the Dalai Lama famous for?

    A: The 14th Dalai Lama is famous for fighting to ensure Tibet's independence from China and spiritual growth of all people. Dalai Lamas are influential monks chosen from the Gelug school.
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  • Why do you rub Buddha's belly?

    Q: Why do you rub Buddha's belly?

    A: According to folktales and legends, if a person rubs Buddha's belly, it brings good luck, wealth and prosperity. The legend derives from the Chinese proverb of the laughing Buddha, whose large stomach and playful smile now adorn restaurants, hotels and museums for guests to rub his belly.
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  • Q: What are the meanings of different Buddha statues?

    A: Different Buddha statues hold different meanings including overcoming fear, calm or serenity, meditation, Earth touching or calling the Earth to witness, nirvana, medicine, teaching, walking, contemplation, begging and repelling the ocean. The different Buddha meanings can be deciphered by looking at the pose, the posture and the hand gestures of the Buddha.
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  • Is Buddhism monotheistic or polytheistic?

    Q: Is Buddhism monotheistic or polytheistic?

    A: Buddhism preaches the existence of a number of devas, which are god-like, semi-divine beings that live on other planes of existence. However, devas do not perform many of the functions commonly associated with gods in other religions. For this reason, Buddhism is better described as non-theistic rather than polytheistic.
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  • Q: How did Buddhism impact the world?

    A: Buddhism promoted education and inspired literature, art, architecture and changes in Indian society. It rejected ritualism and the dominance of priests and encouraged equality.
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