Anthropology

A:

The field of anthropology is usually broken down into four main branches: cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology and archaeology. Each separate branch of this discipline seeks to study some aspect of humanity - whether it's culture, language, or human biology and evolution.

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  • How Did Geography Affect Early Civilizations?

    Q: How Did Geography Affect Early Civilizations?

    A: According to the Canadian Museum of History, one of the primary ways geography affected early civilizations was in determining the location of settlements. Since early humans needed access to water and fertile ground for agriculture, cities tended to spring up along rivers and flood plains. In addition, geographic features such as mountains frequently served as barriers and provided natural borders between civilizations.
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  • What Is the Principle of Fossil Succession?

    Q: What Is the Principle of Fossil Succession?

    A: The principle of fossil succession states that groups of fossils appear in a chronological order through their vertical placement in sedimentary rocks. In the same way that the oldest rocks are found in the bottom layer of the earth, the oldest fossils also followed the same chronology as they appear in the same set of rock layers, or strata.
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  • Who Was the First Person to Live on Earth?

    Q: Who Was the First Person to Live on Earth?

    A: According to the Christian Bible, Adam was the first person, man or woman, to live on earth. However, scientific findings suggest that Adam was not the first human on Earth.
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  • What Is the Definition of Physical Anthropology?

    Q: What Is the Definition of Physical Anthropology?

    A: Physical anthropology is the study of humankind's evolutionary changes and of biological differences, including genetic differences, between groups of humans. Anthropology in general is the study of humanity, and social anthropology is the study of human culture. Physical anthropology is sometimes called biological anthropology.
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  • How Long Does It Take for a Fossil to Form?

    Q: How Long Does It Take for a Fossil to Form?

    A: Fossils are often said to take a million years to form. However, as of 2014 it has been proven that a fossil can take a shorter period of time to form. This period can be a thousand years or less. The earliest fossil discovered dates back to about 3.5 billion years; however, there are fossils that have been discovered to be only a few years old.
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  • Why Are Trilobites Considered Index Fossils?

    Q: Why Are Trilobites Considered Index Fossils?

    A: Trilobites are considered index fossils because they are used to date geological strata via their presence. They specifically are used to date Paleozoic rock. Index fossils must be widespread, abundant, distinct and limited to a particular time period to be useful; trilobite fossils satisfy these requirements.
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  • Do People Live in the Tundra?

    Q: Do People Live in the Tundra?

    A: People live in the tundra, but large population oscillations often occur because of the extreme cold. According to the Arctic Human Development Report, about 4 million people live in the arctic areas.
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  • What Early Civilizations Used Iron?

    Q: What Early Civilizations Used Iron?

    A: Iron was available to some of the world's oldest civilizations as early as 1500 B.C., although some accounts place its discovery as far back as 2500 B.C. It is called a "Metal of Antiquity" and was first obtained from meteorites that had fallen to earth.
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  • What Do Paleontologists Study?

    Q: What Do Paleontologists Study?

    A: Paleontologists study creatures from ancient times via fossil evidence, geology, models and simulations that help them understand past environments, geological events and the history of life. While paleontologists are associated in the public mind with the study of dinosaurs, their field also studies microscopic creatures, plants and prehistoric humans.
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  • How Long Have Humans Been on Earth?

    Q: How Long Have Humans Been on Earth?

    A: Modern humans have existed for roughly 200,000 years. The species to which humans belong, Homo sapiens, is the only species of human alive today. However, all species in the genus Homo are technically humans. This includes Homo habilis, the oldest undisputed species in the genus at 2.2 million years old.
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  • What Was the First Human Race on Earth?

    Q: What Was the First Human Race on Earth?

    A: According to an article published in The Independent, the San people are most likely the oldest human population group to inhabit Earth. The claim is based on an extensive analysis of African DNA in a study published in the journal Science.
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  • Why Are Fossils Important?

    Q: Why Are Fossils Important?

    A: Fossils are important in understanding the history of the world because they provide physical evidence of animals and plants that lived in the past. Through their discovery, paleontologists uncover new ideas about former life on earth.
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  • What Is Upper Middle Class?

    Q: What Is Upper Middle Class?

    A: "Upper middle class" is a term used to describe a socioeconomic class. There is no single fixed definition of what the term means, but it is generally used to describe the highest levels of salaried workers and their families, while remaining underneath the upper class.
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  • What Are the Different Branches of Anthropology?

    Q: What Are the Different Branches of Anthropology?

    A: The field of anthropology is usually broken down into four main branches: cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology and archaeology. Each separate branch of this discipline seeks to study some aspect of humanity - whether it's culture, language, or human biology and evolution.
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  • How Do People Live in the Rainforest?

    Q: How Do People Live in the Rainforest?

    A: About 50 million tribal people live in rainforests in different parts of the world. Indigenous people have lived there for thousands of years and have organized their daily lives as their ancestors had done. Their food, medicine, shelter and clothing all come from the forests, and they have a distinctive language and a different set of tradition and culture, according to AdventureLife.com.
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  • When Did Homo Habilis Live and for How Long?

    Q: When Did Homo Habilis Live and for How Long?

    A: Homo habilis lived from about about 2 to 1.5 million years ago. This species, one of the earliest known of the Homo genus, lived in Eastern and Southern Africa.
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  • What Are Types of Human Settlements?

    Q: What Are Types of Human Settlements?

    A: Different types of human settlements include hamlets, villages, small towns, large towns, isolated places, cities and conurbations. In some systems, types of human settlements are broken up into urban, suburban and rural; for example, the U.S. Census Bureau divides settlements into urban or rural categories based on precise definitions.
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  • When Was Fire First Discovered?

    Q: When Was Fire First Discovered?

    A: Archaeologists discovered evidence of human-made fire stemming from cave campfires dating back 1 million years ago. The remains of campfires were found in a cave in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.
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  • Where Can You Find a Giant Human Skeleton?

    Q: Where Can You Find a Giant Human Skeleton?

    A: At least one giant human skeleton can be found at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in London, England. Another giant skeleton can be found at the Museum of Natural History in Mons, Belgium.
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  • Where Did the First Gypsies Come From?

    Q: Where Did the First Gypsies Come From?

    A: DNA evidence indicates that the first gypsies, also known as the Romany people, came from northern India. Gypsies belong to the Roma tribe, and they claim that they were once a warrior class from Punjab.
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  • What Is the Land Bridge Theory?

    Q: What Is the Land Bridge Theory?

    A: In the 19th and early 20th centuries, geologists hypothesized that major landmasses were once connected via an elaborate series of land bridges. This was an attempt to explain the distribution of plants and animals around the world, as it was recognized that populations could not have radiated across the world as they had with the continents in their present configuration.
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