Anthropology

A:

The field of anthropology is usually broken down into four main branches: cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology and archaeology. Each separate branch of this discipline seeks to study some aspect of humanity - whether it's culture, language, or human biology and evolution.

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  • How long does it take for a fossil to form?

    Q: How long does it take for a fossil to form?

    A: Fossils are often said to take a million years to form. However, as of 2014 it has been proven that a fossil can take a shorter period of time to form. This period can be a thousand years or less. The earliest fossil discovered dates back to about 3.5 billion years; however, there are fossils that have been discovered to be only a few years old.
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  • What are the types of human races?

    Q: What are the types of human races?

    A: Although in the United States people are often asked to self-identify as either white, Hispanic, African American, Asian or Native American, advanced understanding of DNA reduced the amount of races accepted by scientists to three: European, Asian, African. It is argued, however, that even these three races are not accurate classifications of individuals.
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  • What is upper middle class?

    Q: What is upper middle class?

    A: "Upper middle class" is a term used to describe a socioeconomic class. There is no single fixed definition of what the term means, but it is generally used to describe the highest levels of salaried workers and their families, while remaining underneath the upper class.
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  • What kind of life did pearl divers live?

    Q: What kind of life did pearl divers live?

    A: Pearl divers worked long days with little rest, frequently suffering from oxygen deprivation brought on by staying underwater for extended periods of time. Divers often descended into the sea at depths of 100 feet on a single breath, while wearing stone ankle weights and wood or bone nose plugs. Their only protection against the sting of jellyfish was a thin cotton bodysuit.
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  • How do people live in the rainforest?

    Q: How do people live in the rainforest?

    A: About 50 million tribal people live in rainforests in different parts of the world. Indigenous people have lived there for thousands of years and have organized their daily lives as their ancestors had done. Their food, medicine, shelter and clothing all come from the forests, and they have a distinctive language and a different set of tradition and culture, according to AdventureLife.com.
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  • What are the different branches of anthropology?

    Q: What are the different branches of anthropology?

    A: The field of anthropology is usually broken down into four main branches: cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology and archaeology. Each separate branch of this discipline seeks to study some aspect of humanity - whether it's culture, language, or human biology and evolution.
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  • When was fire first discovered?

    Q: When was fire first discovered?

    A: Archaeologists discovered evidence of human-made fire stemming from cave campfires dating back 1 million years ago. The remains of campfires were found in a cave in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.
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  • Where did the first gypsies come from?

    Q: Where did the first gypsies come from?

    A: DNA evidence indicates that the first gypsies, also known as the Romany people, came from northern India. Gypsies belong to the Roma tribe, and they claim that they were once a warrior class from Punjab.
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  • What is the definition of physical anthropology?

    Q: What is the definition of physical anthropology?

    A: Physical anthropology is the study of humankind's evolutionary changes and of biological differences, including genetic differences, between groups of humans. Anthropology in general is the study of humanity, and social anthropology is the study of human culture. Physical anthropology is sometimes called biological anthropology.
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  • How did geography affect early civilizations?

    Q: How did geography affect early civilizations?

    A: According to the Canadian Museum of History, one of the primary ways geography affected early civilizations was in determining the location of settlements. Since early humans needed access to water and fertile ground for agriculture, cities tended to spring up along rivers and flood plains. In addition, geographic features such as mountains frequently served as barriers and provided natural borders between civilizations.
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  • What are types of human settlements?

    Q: What are types of human settlements?

    A: Different types of human settlements include hamlets, villages, small towns, large towns, isolated places, cities and conurbations. In some systems, types of human settlements are broken up into urban, suburban and rural; for example, the U.S. Census Bureau divides settlements into urban or rural categories based on precise definitions.
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  • What are the advantages of oral tradition?

    Q: What are the advantages of oral tradition?

    A: Oral tradition offers the advantages of inducing open communication and verifiable first-hand knowledge of events from a historical reference point. This practice allows languages to persist and permits practitioners of specialized traditions to show off their skills. Passing along lessons and ideas orally creates ownership of these histories among future generations.
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  • Who was the first person to live on Earth?

    Q: Who was the first person to live on Earth?

    A: According to the Christian Bible, Adam was the first person, man or woman, to live on earth. However, scientific findings suggest that Adam was not the first human on Earth.
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  • What was the first human race on Earth?

    Q: What was the first human race on Earth?

    A: According to an article published in The Independent, the San people are most likely the oldest human population group to inhabit Earth. The claim is based on an extensive analysis of African DNA in a study published in the journal Science.
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  • What is the land bridge theory?

    Q: What is the land bridge theory?

    A: In the 19th and early 20th centuries, geologists hypothesized that major landmasses were once connected via an elaborate series of land bridges. This was an attempt to explain the distribution of plants and animals around the world, as it was recognized that populations could not have radiated across the world as they had with the continents in their present configuration.
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  • What is a female Indian chief called?

    Q: What is a female Indian chief called?

    A: Female Indian chiefs are still known as "chiefs" because the title is gender neutral. American Indians, also known as Native Americans, do not have and did not have any restrictions that would prevent a woman from becoming chief. In fact, many famous chiefs were female.
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  • When did Homo habilis live and for how long?

    Q: When did Homo habilis live and for how long?

    A: Homo habilis lived from about about 2 to 1.5 million years ago. This species, one of the earliest known of the Homo genus, lived in Eastern and Southern Africa.
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  • What early civilizations used iron?

    Q: What early civilizations used iron?

    A: Iron was available to some of the world's oldest civilizations as early as 1500 B.C., although some accounts place its discovery as far back as 2500 B.C. It is called a "Metal of Antiquity" and was first obtained from meteorites that had fallen to earth.
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  • Why are trilobites considered index fossils?

    Q: Why are trilobites considered index fossils?

    A: Trilobites are considered index fossils because they are used to date geological strata via their presence. They specifically are used to date Paleozoic rock. Index fossils must be widespread, abundant, distinct and limited to a particular time period to be useful; trilobite fossils satisfy these requirements.
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  • Where can you find a giant human skeleton?

    Q: Where can you find a giant human skeleton?

    A: At least one giant human skeleton can be found at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in London, England. Another giant skeleton can be found at the Museum of Natural History in Mons, Belgium.
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  • What are six characteristics of a civilization?

    Q: What are six characteristics of a civilization?

    A: The six characteristics of civilization include large population centers, monumental architecture, written language, systems for declaring territories, division of labor and social classes. The exact aspects of these characteristics vary based on each civilization, which make them each unique.
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