Anthropology

A:

The field of anthropology is usually broken down into four main branches: cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology and archaeology. Each separate branch of this discipline seeks to study some aspect of humanity - whether it's culture, language, or human biology and evolution.

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  • What do paleontologists study?

    Q: What do paleontologists study?

    A: Paleontologists study creatures from ancient times via fossil evidence, geology, models and simulations that help them understand past environments, geological events and the history of life. While paleontologists are associated in the public mind with the study of dinosaurs, their field also studies microscopic creatures, plants and prehistoric humans.
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  • What is the land bridge theory?

    Q: What is the land bridge theory?

    A: In the 19th and early 20th centuries, geologists hypothesized that major landmasses were once connected via an elaborate series of land bridges. This was an attempt to explain the distribution of plants and animals around the world, as it was recognized that populations could not have radiated across the world as they had with the continents in their present configuration.
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  • What are six characteristics of a civilization?

    Q: What are six characteristics of a civilization?

    A: The six characteristics of civilization include large population centers, monumental architecture, written language, systems for declaring territories, division of labor and social classes. The exact aspects of these characteristics vary based on each civilization, which make them each unique.
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  • What kind of life did pearl divers live?

    Q: What kind of life did pearl divers live?

    A: Pearl divers worked long days with little rest, frequently suffering from oxygen deprivation brought on by staying underwater for extended periods of time. Divers often descended into the sea at depths of 100 feet on a single breath, while wearing stone ankle weights and wood or bone nose plugs. Their only protection against the sting of jellyfish was a thin cotton bodysuit.
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  • What are types of human settlements?

    Q: What are types of human settlements?

    A: Different types of human settlements include hamlets, villages, small towns, large towns, isolated places, cities and conurbations. In some systems, types of human settlements are broken up into urban, suburban and rural; for example, the U.S. Census Bureau divides settlements into urban or rural categories based on precise definitions.
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  • How did the Incas adapt to their environment?

    Q: How did the Incas adapt to their environment?

    A: At the height of the Empire in the 16th century, the Inca civilization stretched across the western region of South America between Ecuador and Chile, encompassing land in what is now Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina. This area is mountainous, hot and dry, but nevertheless, the Inca were able to produce food for their large population through adaptive farming practices and the building of advanced irrigation systems.
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  • When did Homo habilis live and for how long?

    Q: When did Homo habilis live and for how long?

    A: Homo habilis lived from about about 2 to 1.5 million years ago. This species, one of the earliest known of the Homo genus, lived in Eastern and Southern Africa.
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  • What are the different branches of anthropology?

    Q: What are the different branches of anthropology?

    A: The field of anthropology is usually broken down into four main branches: cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology and archaeology. Each separate branch of this discipline seeks to study some aspect of humanity - whether it's culture, language, or human biology and evolution.
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  • What early civilizations used iron?

    Q: What early civilizations used iron?

    A: Iron was available to some of the world's oldest civilizations as early as 1500 B.C., although some accounts place its discovery as far back as 2500 B.C. It is called a "Metal of Antiquity" and was first obtained from meteorites that had fallen to earth.
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  • What are the types of human races?

    Q: What are the types of human races?

    A: Although in the United States people are often asked to self-identify as either white, Hispanic, African American, Asian or Native American, advanced understanding of DNA reduced the amount of races accepted by scientists to three: European, Asian, African. It is argued, however, that even these three races are not accurate classifications of individuals.
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  • Where did the first gypsies come from?

    Q: Where did the first gypsies come from?

    A: DNA evidence indicates that the first gypsies, also known as the Romany people, came from northern India. Gypsies belong to the Roma tribe, and they claim that they were once a warrior class from Punjab.
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  • Why are fossils important?

    Q: Why are fossils important?

    A: Fossils are important in understanding the history of the world because they provide physical evidence of animals and plants that lived in the past. Through their discovery, paleontologists uncover new ideas about former life on earth.
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  • What is an Inuit?

    Q: What is an Inuit?

    A: An Inuit is an indigenous person from the arctic regions of Canada, Greenland or the United States. The term "Inuit" is often considered a more appropriate designation than the more common "Eskimo."
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  • What is the definition of physical anthropology?

    Q: What is the definition of physical anthropology?

    A: Physical anthropology is the study of humankind's evolutionary changes and of biological differences, including genetic differences, between groups of humans. Anthropology in general is the study of humanity, and social anthropology is the study of human culture. Physical anthropology is sometimes called biological anthropology.
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  • What are the advantages of oral tradition?

    Q: What are the advantages of oral tradition?

    A: Oral tradition offers the advantages of inducing open communication and verifiable first-hand knowledge of events from a historical reference point. This practice allows languages to persist and permits practitioners of specialized traditions to show off their skills. Passing along lessons and ideas orally creates ownership of these histories among future generations.
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  • How long have humans been on earth?

    Q: How long have humans been on earth?

    A: Modern humans have existed for roughly 200,000 years. The species to which humans belong, Homo sapiens, is the only species of human alive today. However, all species in the genus Homo are technically humans. This includes Homo habilis, the oldest undisputed species in the genus at 2.2 million years old.
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  • What is upper middle class?

    Q: What is upper middle class?

    A: "Upper middle class" is a term used to describe a socioeconomic class. There is no single fixed definition of what the term means, but it is generally used to describe the highest levels of salaried workers and their families, while remaining underneath the upper class.
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  • Why do some men stay single?

    Q: Why do some men stay single?

    A: Despite the pressure that often comes from society and family members, some men make the conscious choice to stay single for various reasons. Freedom, career ambitions and the avoidance of relationship responsibilities are a few of the core motives for men to stay single, according to J Coach.
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  • Who was the first person to live on Earth?

    Q: Who was the first person to live on Earth?

    A: According to the Christian Bible, Adam was the first person, man or woman, to live on earth. However, scientific findings suggest that Adam was not the first human on Earth.
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  • Why are trilobites considered index fossils?

    Q: Why are trilobites considered index fossils?

    A: Trilobites are considered index fossils because they are used to date geological strata via their presence. They specifically are used to date Paleozoic rock. Index fossils must be widespread, abundant, distinct and limited to a particular time period to be useful; trilobite fossils satisfy these requirements.
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  • When was fire first discovered?

    Q: When was fire first discovered?

    A: Archaeologists discovered evidence of human-made fire stemming from cave campfires dating back 1 million years ago. The remains of campfires were found in a cave in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.
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