Brand names of major tranquilizers include Haldol, Thorazine, Prolixin, Etrafon and Compazine. Xanax, Klonopin, Valium and Ativan are examples of minor tranquilizers, which reduce anxiety and tension.
Tranquilizers are drugs that control anxiety, fear, and related conditions of mental disturbance by depressing the central nervous system. Major tranquilizers are also called anti-psychotics. Doctors use them to treat people with mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, mania or other states that include psychosis. This type of tranquilizer does not cause addiction.
Minor tranquilizers have numerous therapeutic applications, such as the treatment of anxiety, insomnia and alcohol withdrawal. These drugs produce a euphoric sensation and can be highly addictive.