A non-locomotor movement is a movement that a person performs while remaining stationary. For example, twisting the body around its axis is a non-locomotor movement. The person remains in one spot while the upper body rotates from left to right. Bending the body from a straight position to a curved position is a non-locomotor movement also.
Swaying, stretching, swinging and turning all the way around are non-locomotor movements. Swaying involves shifting body weight from one side to the other. Stretching forces a muscle to elongate more than when it is at rest. Swinging the body forward or from side to side like a pendulum works along the body's axis.
Any movement that doesn't require the body to move through space is a non-locomotor movement. One or more body parts are touching the ground or a piece of equipment. Non-locomotor movements can be done while kneeling, standing, lying or sitting. Bouncing, pushing, rocking, shaking, pulling and creating shapes with the body are other non-locomotor movements. Many weight-lifting positions are non-locomotor movements. Non-locomotor movements are the building blocks for more complex movements involved in sports, dance and recreational activities. The simple movements increase spatial awareness, flexibility and coordination. These movements must be taught and are not automatically learned as a person matures.