H.G. Wells' "A Modern Utopia," Sir Francis Bacon's "New Atlantis" and Tommaso Campanella's "City of the Sun" are all examples of utopian novels. A utopia is a fictionalized ideal culture.Continue Reading
Utopias are imaginary perfect societies, idealized in the material world as opposed to any notion of afterlife. As such, they are often called "heaven on Earth." All social ills, such as poverty and injustice, have been eliminated in a utopian society, and a strict and perfect moral code is followed. Novels that depict such societies generally have social, cultural and political goals. They have historically aimed to make the reader realize the various ways in which the society he or she actually lives in is not perfect, and all the problems that need to be addressed. For example, Plato's "Republic" is often considered to be the first work of utopian literature.
Almost all fictionalized utopias include detailed descriptions of the physical landscape. There were some utopian aspects in Arthurian literature and King Arthur's Camelot. In 1516, when Sir Thomas More published his work "Utopia," detailing an imaginary perfect kingdom, the concept of ideal culture took its name after the book.
Dystopia and dystopian literature are a related concept; they portray a utopian society in which something has gone awry. Much like utopian works, they have political messages; dystopian fiction functions as a warning.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
"Nacirema" is a satirical look at the United States of America, so any aspect of the culture of that country could be said to be nacireman. In keeping with the spirit of the academic paper that introduced the term, such observations would be recorded as if they were made by an American social scientist or anthropologist observing a formerly unknown tribe.Full Answer >
Examples of deviant behavior include killing and stealing, which are defined as such based on culture and circumstance. The concept of deviance changes in time and according to cultural and societal norms.Full Answer >
High culture is a term frequently used by academics to refer to a set of cultural products most highly regarded by a society. In this sense the term largely invokes the arts, so examples include those classic works of visual art, music and literature that are most frequently celebrated, taught and studied. However, depending on context, the term also refers to mannerisms or conventions frequently exhibited by social elites.Full Answer >
Specific examples of folk cultures include Louisiana Creole cuisine, the Claddagh rings of Galway in Ireland and Amish culture. Folk culture can refer to an entire culture, for example the Amish, or specific elements of a culture.Full Answer >