Ethnocentrism occurs when a specific culture judges all other cultures against their own values, such as in language, customs and religion. The feminist movement is an example of ethnocentrism. Proponents of the movement believe the superiority of the movement represents the feelings of all women.Continue Reading
At the heart of ethnocentrism is the failure to think using different references or to assume certain opinions. For example, an industrial nation may think that the lifestyle of the Aboriginal natives of Australia is stress-free when, in fact, their stresses come in the form of starvation, the threat of animal attack or serious injuries suffered far away from camp and help. Ethnocentrism's central problem is misunderstanding.
Societal cultures make false assumptions about other cultures based on what is expected from their point of view, rather than the context in which these differences exist. Many cultures view Americans as violent when they hear of the mass shootings, and they assume this behavior represents the average American's behavior. Based on this assumption, fear may influence feelings about America's involvement in their behalf, especially in warfare.
People of all cultures experience life in varying ways. Putting aside ethnocentrism may never occur, but learning about diversities in other cultures is the first step in understanding and controlling ethnocentric reactions.Learn more about Social Sciences
IQ, or intelligence quotient, tests may be culturally biased because they measure cognitive functions through Western standards without regard to the differing values and beliefs other cultures around the world use to measure intelligence. In the United States, for instance, intelligence is measured in terms of ability to engage in enlightened debate and understand categories.Full Answer >
The main concepts of sociology include the history and theories to explain and predict human behavior and interaction; the symbols, values, norms and languages of cultures and society; and social interactions and social control. Class systems within cultures and groups are also a main concept of sociology.Full Answer >
Culture refers to the traits of a population’s behavior, values, practices, beliefs and religion, while society is the environment or community that surrounds an individual. While culture is the total practices of a people, society is the general humanity.Full Answer >
Some of the major agents of an individual's socialization process include family, school, mass media and religion. These institutions serve as lenses through which individuals learn to become social beings by internalizing the social norms of his or her society.Full Answer >