National sovereignty of Native Americans, the Maryland Toleration Act of 1649, which addressed rights of Christians, and Affirmative Action are examples of collective rights. Collective rights refer specifically to a group as a whole, or a category of people, as opposed to the individual rights those members might have alone.
There is discourse over the application of collective or group rights where they come into conflict with individual rights. Western views see individual rights as establishing equality and protection from the state, while viewing group rights as infringement by the state. Opponents to this argue that group rights are designed to facilitate individual rights, be it by redistributive means to reach equality, or protecting a group's ability to maintain its culture within a larger nation.