The concluding rite of the Roman Catholic Mass includes the priest's final blessing. The blessing varies, but its most basic form involves saying "May Almighty God bless you, the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit" while making the Sign of the Cross over the gathered faithful.
The priest may employ other forms for the final blessing, including a solemn blessing also known as a threefold or triple solemn blessing, or a prayer over the people.
Before a threefold solemn blessing, the priest or any assisting deacon tells the congregants, "Bow down for the blessing." The people bow their heads and respond "Amen" after each of the three parts of the blessing. In one form of this solemn blessing, the priest says to the people, "May the Lord bless and keep you," "May his face shine upon you and be gracious to you" and "May he look on you with kindness and give you his peace." He concludes the blessing with the words "And may the blessing of almighty God, the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, come down on you and remain with you for ever." The prayer over the people also involves an instruction to the people to bow, then a prayer for them addressed by the priest to God the Father, and the same closing as the threefold blessing.