An example of a Kaddish prayer for the dead is the Mourner's Kaddish, which begins "Exalted and hallowed be his great name..." Originally, Jews recited this prayer after a rabbi's sermon, but it eventually became associated with mourning.
The word "kaddish" means sanctification, and the prayer itself is a sanctification of God's name. The emotional element of Kaddish comes from the circumstances in which people say it, namely, at a funeral. The Jewish faith requires that sons say Kaddish for 11 months after the death of a parent. The prayer does not mention death or the loved one, but rather is a public expression of the acceptance of divine judgement and righteousness. Jews also believe that saying Kaddish increases the merit of the deceased by causing others to acknowledge the greatness of God, thereby counterbalancing any evil the person may have committed in his lifetime. Mourners recite Kaddish while they stand with a minyan, a group of at least 10 adults in the congregation.
Another example of a Kaddish prayer for the dead is called "The Great Kaddish," which Jews say at grave sites. This prayer makes reference to the rebuilding of the Jewish temple and a future world in which the dead are raised to life.