Europe had a decisive influence on much of the American orchestral music produced during the 19th and early 20th centuries. American composers wedded European musical forms and compositional techniques with new forms and sounds inspired by such American sources as Native American music and African American spirituals.
Some European influence on American classical music came by way of composers who immigrated from Europe to the United States. For example, Antonin Dvorak brought to America musical influences from his native Bohemia, which he combined with distinctly American sources in such works as his famous "New World Symphony." Native-born composers, such as Edward MacDowell and Amy Beach, picked up European influences either by travel or by simply expressing a love for different cultures, as in the latter's "Gaelic Symphony."