In sociology, essentialism is a belief that people or events have behaviors that never change. The theory of essentialism states that human beings are not capable of changing their behavior regardless of their social or cultural background.Continue Reading
Essentialism is a theory that is used to describe the reasons behind human behavior. A person who believes in essentialism thinks that humans act according to a combination of genetic and biological rules. These rules are not affected by a person's social background or psychological state.
People who believe in essentialism think that a human is likely to behave in the same way regardless of which culture they have been brought up in. An example of such a belief is that men are always more aggressive than women, regardless of culture, because males have higher testosterone levels. In essentialism, the place of birth, time in history that the person lived and type of upbringing don't affect the person's behavior.
There are a number of alternative theories to essentialism. An anthropologist, for example, believes that human behavior is greatly affected by the culture and environment in which he is raised. Unlike essentialists, anthropologists think that humans can change their behavior unconsciously in response to their surroundings.Learn more about Social Sciences
Stereotypes are perpetuated when people are exposed to individuals with actions that confirm the appearance, values and behaviors of the stereotype. Stereotypes are reinforced when people justify the actions and behaviors because of the known stereotype and continue to judge others based on appearance, race, gender, economic status and occupation.Full Answer >
Social orientation refers to the theory that explains why a person has particular behaviors, relationships and adaptations with other people and/or society in general. Also referred to as social dominance orientation in some disciplines, professionals use this theory to predict behaviors, particularly with inter-group attitudes and behaviors. In law, social orientation refers to taking into account the well-being of society in addition to customer satisfaction.Full Answer >
Society has a far-reaching effect on people by shaping their belief systems, behaviors and values. Society and culture are inextricably linked, which affects individual tastes in art, music and fashion. There are many ways a society can reach a person and have an influence, including through television, school curricula, the church and community.Full Answer >
Stereotypes, such as the belief that certain people possess less intellectual capacities than others do or are otherwise inferior, may lead to discrimination. Stereotypes include positive and negative attributes, but only negative stereotypes generally lead to bias and discrimination. Discrimination ultimately results in treating individuals or groups unfairly based on perceived differences and inferiority.Full Answer >