The three colors of the Egyptian flag, along with its national emblem, represent the nation's modern history, from monarchy rule to British occupation to the end of oppression. The flag's red stripe represents the period prior to the 1952 revolution when King Farouk ruled the nation. The white stripe symbolizes the revolution, and the black stripe refers to the beginning of the modern form of government.
The flag also includes Egypt's Coat of Arms also known as the Eagle of Saladin, a golden eagle with its head turned toward its right. The eagle represents the Ayyubid sultan who ruled Egypt throughout the 12th century. The emblem also contains a shield and scroll bearing Egypt's name in Arabic. The shield is superimposed over the eagle, while the scroll is placed underneath both. The Eagle of Saladin replaced a golden hawk in 1984. The hawk replaced a set of stars that had emblazoned the flag until 1972.
In addition to the meanings listed above, the flag's colors symbolize hardiness, strength, valor and bravery (red), peace and honesty (white) and determination (black). Egypt's national flag is raised on all municipal buildings on Fridays, state holidays and any occasion ordered by the Minister of the Interior.