A dosha test is method employed by the Ayurvedic medicinal system that helps determine an individual's proportion of the three humors or energies: Vata, Pitta and Kapha. When in proper balance, the three components produce health in the individual, according to the belief system.
A qualified Ayurvedic practitioner can assess an individual's dosha balance. Tridosha.com offers an online test.
Vata dosha controls blood flow, brain and heart function, and ability to excrete bodily waste. There are five types of Vata dosha: Prana, Udana, Samana, Apana and Vyana. Emotions, such as fear or grief, and activities, such as eating too soon after a meal, disrupt the Vata dosha. Some common problems among those whose main life force is Vata are anxiety, heart disease and skin problems, according to Ayurvedic belief.
Pitta dosha controls digestion and metabolism and is divided into five types: Pachaka, Ranjaka, Alochaka, Sadhaka and Bharajaka. Eating spicy or sour foods and being tired are disruptors of the Pitta dosha. Heart disease, Crohn's disease and heartburn often plague those who possess Pitta dosha as their main life force, Ayurvedic practitioners claim.
Kapha determines one's musculature and weight and controls the immune system. Daytime sleeping, greed or eating foods that are too sweet or salty disrupt the Kapha dosha. Kapha dosha is also split into five types: Kledaka, Avalambhaka, Tarpaka, Bodhaka and Shleshaka. A main life force of Kapha dosha may cause cancer, diabetes or obesity in the Ayurvedic theory.