The most common English-language versions of the Bible are the New International Version and the King James Version, though there are many less common translations available as well. The Latin Vulgate version of the Bible is also frequently encountered due to its use by the Roman Catholic Church.
The King James Version of the Bible has often been considered the de facto standard translation for English speakers for centuries. Completed in 1611, this translation was performed from the Greek New Testament and Hebrew Old Testament at the behest of King James I of England to provide a Bible for the recently formed Church of England separate from the Latin Vulgate used by Catholics. There were several variants of the King James Version used for almost two centuries after its completion, but almost all modern copies are based on a version known as the standard text of 1769. This version is notable for omitting the portions of the Bible known as the Apocrypha that were included in some previous variants.
The New International Version of the Bible was completed in 1978 by a team of American translators working from the original Greek and Hebrew sources. These translators were from a variety of denominations and sought to create a translation that was more accurate and easily readable to modern audiences. However, some scholars believe the translation to be inaccurate and potentially biased towards the interpretations of certain translators. Several versions of the translations have been subsequently released, including a major update in 2011.