Rural areas have a greater number of older people, with almost 19 percent of the population over age 64 compared to just 12 percent of the population in the city. There were 80 deaths per 1,000 males between 1 and 24 years old in rural areas at the end of 2001, while there were approximately 43 deaths per 1,000 people in the same demographic who lived in urban areas.
Although wages are generally lower in rural areas, so is the cost of living. Marrying and having children younger, women in rural areas tend to have more offspring than women in urban areas. Divorce is much more prevalent in urban areas. The rates for teen pregnancy are similar, yet more births happen in the country due to a lack of access to abortion providers.
Preventative health care tends to be less available in the country, and women in rural areas often have more chronic diseases. Although 20 percent of the population lives in the country, only 9 percent of the nation's physicians offer care there. Rural residents have five doctors per 10,000 people, whereas people in the city have 30 doctors per 10,000 residents.
People in rural communities generally share resources and offer a stronger support system than people in the city. People in the country are more likely to be self-employed.