What Are Some Differences Between Church Denominations?

Some differences between church denominations are that the Anglican and Baptist denominations believe that a person receives salvation through faith, whereas Catholics believe that a person must observe the sacraments to obtain salvation. The Orthodox denomination believes that each person must work to obtain salvation. In addition, denominations such as the Lutheran denomination practice infant baptism while the Assembly of God denomination baptizes only professing Christians and organization, worship and sacrament practices differ among denominations.

Methodists, Catholics, Presbyterians and Anglicans baptize both infants and professing Christians while Baptist and Assembly of God denominations baptize only those professing to practice Christianity. In addition, worship practices vary among denominations as Presbyterian and Orthodox services that use traditional liturgy, and Baptists that offer non-liturgical worship. The Methodists allow both liturgical and non-liturgical worship.

Denominations practice varying sacraments as part of worship such as the Lutheran and Methodist denominations that practice both baptism and the Lord's Supper. By contrast, the Catholics practice baptism and the Lord's Supper as well as penance, confirmation and the anointing of the sick. The Orthodox Church takes no official position on sacraments but many Orthodox Christians adhere to the Catholic sacraments. In addition, the Anglicans adhere to baptism and the Lord's Supper as major sacraments and the Anglican denomination also adds additional Catholic sacraments but considers the other sacraments minor in comparison to baptism and the Lord's Supper.

Church organization also varies among denominations as the Assembly of God, Methodist and Presbyterian denominations ordain women but the Catholic and Orthodox denominations do not. In the Baptist Church, the ordination of women varies depending on the leadership decision of each local church. Similarly, each Baptist Church is self-governing while a Pope and other clergy oversee the organization the Catholic Church.