Baptist churches baptize people who were previously baptized as children, while Catholic churches only baptize people once. As Baptist churches are Protestant, their followers believe that people can stand before God without the need for a central authority. Catholic churches, on the other hand, require people to answer to the church's authority through practices such as confession.
Baptists are Biblical literalists, which means that they believe the Bible is literally true and historically accurate. Catholics interpret the Bible differently, believing that although it is inspired by God, it contains some inaccuracies and should be interpreted within the context in which it was written.
Some Catholic churches hold other beliefs that Baptists do not share, such as the belief that the Virgin Mary was admitted into heaven and that the Pope represents a line of authority going back to the apostle Peter.
The differences between Catholic and Baptist teachings stem from the Reformation in the 16th century. The reformation saw Protestant denominations reject the Pope's authority and introduce its own teachings. Another difference between Catholic and Protestant denominations lies in their respective concepts of salvation. Protestant denominations typically consider salvation to be a single moment in which a person enters Christian life, while Catholics view salvation as an ongoing process, believing that people receive Grace by participating in Church life throughout their lives.