Teleological and deontological approaches to topics vary by their focus, with teleological approaches based on intended end effects and deontological approaches based on adherence to set rules. These terms are most often found together in the study of ethics. Teleological ethics are also often referred to as consequentialism.Continue Reading
Teleology extends beyond just ethics, and refers to any aspect of existence with a definite end, whether in human behavior or in nature. For instance, a teleological view of animals proposes that current animals are, in some sense, an intended end of evolution or creation. Deontology, on the other hand, is solely concerned with ethical questions.
Deontology, as a formal ethical model, is the older of the two, with the best-recorded example of antiquity being divine command theory. This theory states that an action is good or evil depending on whether it corresponds to rules set by a deity. The famous philosopher Kant, however, provided a different form of deontological ethics, whereby the morality of an action should be judged by whether the actor would desire that the morality justifying that action be universal.
Teleological ethics are much newer. One version, utilitarianism, was created by John Stuart Mill, and states that the most moral action promotes the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Conversely, actions that create a general net unhappiness are immoral.Learn more about Ethics
The morality of pictures of breastfeeding women is highly subjective, but such pictures are generally considered moral when their purpose is to promote breastfeeding. Pictures that are instructional, do not depict minors and do not show other exposed areas of the body are also generally acceptable.Full Answer >
Parking rules on some university campuses include the establishment of separate parking spaces for students and visitors, requiring permits to be displayed, adherence to rule changes for bad weather or other events, and requiring vehicles to be within spaces. Some campuses also have designated sections for motorcycles and special vehicles.Full Answer >
A "principle" is acceptance of something as truth or a belief that a certain standard or rule is not up for debate. A "value" is a person's personal belief for or against something. Author Stephen Covey indicated that all people have values, even criminals. He also noted that principled-driven people typically develop their values to align with principles.Full Answer >
People who believe their own lies are most commonly identified as pathological liars, however, they can also be identified as suffering from narcissistic personality disorder or borderline personality disorder. These people sometimes believe their own lies on a conscious level.Full Answer >