The U.S. Census Bureau introduced the term Hispanic in the 1970s to include Americans from Spanish-speaking countries, such as Mexico and Costa Rica. In 2000, the U.S. Census Bureau recognized a need to better describe people from varying cultures that speak Spanish, so it came up with the term Latino.
The majority of Latin-Americans respond to polls by media organizations as preferring to individually self-identify as simply Americans.
As a catch-all term for Americans of Spanish-speaking origins, Latino is more inclusive than Hispanic. Still, both terms are interchangeable in everyday life. Even Univision, the leading Spanish-language news network in the United States, uses both terms equally.