What Is the Difference Between Gender Equality and Gender Equity?

Gender equality refers to ensuring everyone gets the same resources regardless of gender, whereas gender equity aims to understand the needs of each gender and provide them with what they need to succeed in a given activity or sector. The terms are sometimes used interchangeably, but there are significant distinctions between them.

In contrast to gender equality, gender equity refers to the process of allocating resources based on the particular requirements of a gender. For example, instead of making sure males and females each receives 50 percent of the facilities of a sports center, gender equity means that each gender receives the right proportion and types of facilities according to their interests, capacities and experiences. While gender equality focuses on providing the same starting circumstances for everyone, the goal of gender equity is to provide both genders with the same end results. The term gender equity is often used as a juxtaposition for social justice. In most cases, the concept of gender equality is used in correlation with the empowerment of women, whereas gender equity refers to the process of treating both men and women with the same amount of fairness when it comes to the equality of chances based on individual needs.