What Is the Difference Between Explanatory Variables and Response Variables?

By Staff WriterLast Updated Apr 2, 2020 10:32:51 AM ET

A response variable measures an outcome of a study. It is the particular quantity about which questions are asked. An explanatory variable is any factor that can influence the response variable. An explanatory variable attempts to explain the observed outcomes. The response variable is usually called dependent, while the explanatory variable is sometimes called independent.