Equality refers to fairness, and in particular to universal access (to employment or health care, for instance), whereas diversity is about recognizing and embracing differences within an institution, workforce or society. In this respect, the two concepts are somewhat at odds with each other, with one stressing homogeneity (sameness) and the other highlighting heterogeneity (difference). Even so, equality and diversity are very often used together, sometimes even interchangeably.Continue Reading
Often, people will speak of ensuring equality by recognizing diversity. While this may seem a contradiction at first, the ethnic, religious and sexual diversity of contemporary societies demands such a holistic approach. In order to treat individuals with equal respect, care and attention, their diverse, individual needs must be taken into account.
Those people who strive for diversity in organizations emphasize the value of difference. A diverse workforce, for instance, will be much better equipped to meet the needs of their diverse customers or clients. Furthermore, the more valued each member of a workforce feels, the more productive they are likely to be.
Ethnicity (or race), religion and sexuality are not the only factors to consider. Societies are also divided into groups of varying wealth (or class), age, physical ability or mental health and of course gender. While equality is often backed by anti-discrimination laws, in practice, it requires an ongoing commitment to diversity.Learn more about Social Sciences
Cultural diversity has affected society in many ways throughout history. In recent decades, increased communication and travel possibilities made the transfer of people, and by extension their culture, more widespread. According to A Richer Life, a National Fair Housing Alliance public awareness campaign, cultural diversity creates better communities with more tolerance for differences and an increased ability to solve problems with others.Full Answer >
Advantages to a society using computers include a more connected environment, ease of access to a wealth of information and ability to streamline daily occurrences; disadvantages to a society connected by computers include a lack of privacy, stronger chance for computer crimes and unemployment. Societies that are strongly connected to computers may have a higher rate of convenience for citizens, but these citizens may be more at risk for computer related malices.Full Answer >
Internationally, gender inequality is prevalent in many areas of life, including education, employment, medical care, laws and violence. There are overt examples of inequality, such as a large discrepancy in pay between men and women, and more subtle examples of inequality, such as different interview questions asked of women than men.Full Answer >
Some advantages of coeducation include a more diverse student body, equal access to the same instruction methods for both genders and opportunities for boys and girls to gain social skills together and build confidence that will help them collaborate later in the workforce and society. A major disadvantage of coeducation is that some students may find being with those of the other gender distracting, and this can make it more difficult to focus on learning. In addition, students of each gender may benefit from specific teaching styles that a co-ed classroom may not provide.Full Answer >