The Aztecs were present in Mexico during the 1500s, inhabiting the city of Tenochtilan, which is now Mexico City. The Mayans appeared later and occupied vast territory spanning across Mesoamerica, which is modern-day Guatemala, Belize, the Yucutan Peninsula, and parts of Mexico, El Salvador and Honduras, during the sixth century A.D. The empires are greatly distinguished by their way of life.
The Aztec Empire was ruled by a single ruler and was known for its warlike mentality. They were a civilization of warriors that often used humans as sacrifice to their gods, but also excelled in the art of sculpting. Aztecs spoke a language called, Nahuatl. On the other hand, the Mayan Empire was an advanced civilization that had a great focus on mathematics, astronomy and agriculture. Their civilization was broken up by states of which each had their own ruler. Mayans were an incredibly religious group that is still evident in their temples and hieroglyphic inscriptions.