Sikhism originated in the late 15th century in the area of South Asia called the Punjab, which is now part of India and Pakistan. Its founder, Guru Nanak, was born in the Punjabi village of Talwandi, now known as Nankana in Pakistan.Continue Reading
Born a Hindu, Nanak became dissatisfied with the religion in which he had been raised. He traveled extensively in India, China and the Middle East expressing his belief in one creator and preaching against the caste system and idolatry. According to the Sikhs, he was the first Guru in whom the spirit of the eternal Guru resided. Nine other human Gurus followed. The fifth Guru, Arjan, established Amritsar in present-day India as the capital of Sikhism and compiled the Adi Granth, the book of Sikh scripture. In 1606, he was executed as a threat to the state. The sixth Guru, Hargobind, began to militarize the Sikhs.
The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, while forcing his subjects to embrace Islam, arrested and killed the ninth Guru, Tegh Bahadur, in 1675. In 1699, the 10th Guru, Gobind Singh, re-established the Sikhs as a military group called the Khalsa. He also established the Sikh ceremony of initiation and the five defining characteristics of the appearance of a Sikh, which include uncut hair, a steel bracelet, a wooden comb, cotton underwear and a steel sword. The Sikhs believe that the 10th Guru was the last human incarnation of the eternal Guru, and that the Guru now dwells in the Adi Granth, the sacred scripture.Learn more about Religion
Curling, as one of the oldest team sports in the world, first originated in Scotland during the 16th century. The first official curling club, named the Grand Caledonian Curling Club, was also formed in Scotland in 1838. In the 20th century, the sport's rules were standardized.Full Answer >
Some similarities between Jainism and Buddhism include their comparable behavioral proscriptions for liberation and their shared historical origin in the 6th century BC. Both were also founded by men who rejected a life of luxury for one of asceticism and the pursuit of truth.Full Answer >
Buddhism began in the 7th century B.C., when Buddha Shakyamuni began teaching the path to enlightenment after he himself was enlightened under a Bodhi tree while living in the forest after renouncing his role as prince. Buddha began spreading the four noble truths. These truths were the first spokes in the first turn of the wheel of Dharma.Full Answer >
Shinto is the indigenous religion of Japan, whereas Buddhism originated in India and only reached Japan in the eight century. Shinto is a religion with a polytheistic pantheon, whereas Buddhism does not have a main deity, and it mainly focuses on the words and philosophies of the Buddha.Full Answer >