Rene Descartes, the French philosopher and mathematician who invented the Cartesian coordinate system, is considered the father of modern analytical geometry. His work was crucial to the discovery of infinitesimal calculus by Gottfried Liebniz and Isaac Newton.
Continue ReadingIn addition to his extraordinary contributions to mathematics, Descartes is probably best known to the general public for his famous philosophical proposition, "cogito ergo sum," meaning "I think, therefore I am." Much of Descartes philosophical work dealt with the question of how man can know whether he or anything else really exists. According to his famous argument, thinking about his own existence proves that he exists because there has to be someone there to do the thinking. This argument is so fundamental and familiar that philosophers often refer to it simply as "cogito."
Learn more about PhilosophyRene Descartes, widely regarded as the father of modern philosophy, broke with the Aristotelian tradition, helping establish modern rationalism. He argued for a mechanistic universe in opposition to Aristotle's views on causality. He also made important contributions to mathematics and physics.
Full Answer >René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician, is generally regarded as the father of modern philosophy for establishing a beginning point for human existence, states Biography.com. His famous line, "I think; therefore I am" implied that being human requires a distinct core apart from all other matter in the universe and the ability to evaluate situations and concepts mentally.
Full Answer >Descartes' works include "Musicae Compendium," "The World," "Man," "Dioptrics," "The Meteors," "Geometry," "Discourse on the Method," "The Meditations," "Principles of Philosophy," "The Search for Truth," "The Description of the Human Body" and "Passions of the Soul." Some were published posthumously as were some essays and letters that were lesser known.
Full Answer >Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher and mathematician. He is best known for his contributions to mathematics, particularly the Pythagorean Theorem, and for founding the Pythagorean religion, whose adherents may have contributed some of the mathematical work that is often ascribed to him.
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